unodc

Report
The UNODC-WCO Container Control
Programme
Transnational Organized Crime
Criminal Markets
Illicit trafficking
 Trafficking in Stolen Vehicles, global more than
3.000.000 records of reported stolen motor vehicles.
 Tobacco Smuggling
 Illicit Firearms Trafficking
 Illegal trafficking in flora and fauna and waste
Crimes against persons
 Irregular migrants
 Trafficking in Human Beings (THB)
 Exploitation of children
Drugs and precursors
 Cocaine
 Heroin
 Synthetic Drugs
 Cannabis
 Pharmaceuticals, classified as drugs
 Drug precursors
Financial Crime and other crimes against property
 Money Laundering
 Swindling and Fraud
 Counterfeiting and Forgery
 Organised Robberies, Burglaries and Theft
 Theft of cultural goods
Interpol estimates that art theft is the fourth largest criminal activity after drugs,
money laundering and illegal arms trading. Only 5 % of stolen arts recovered.
TOC
 Traditional forms of TOC
 Heroine and cocaine
trafficking
 Extortion
 Human trafficking
 Migrant smuggling
 Firearms trafficking
 Money laundering
 New players
 (Re-)emerging forms of TOC
 Trafficking in fraudulent medicine
 Natural resource trafficking
Global environmental crime, worth up to
USD 213 billion each year according to the
United Nations Environment Programme
(UNEP) and INTERPOL. (report June 2014)
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
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Counterfeit goods trafficking
Cultural property trafficking
Piracy
Cybercrime ( computer hacking,
computer fraud or forgery
(identity theft)
TOC: Global
Selected Transnational Organized Crime Flows
Most TOC flows begin on one continent and end on another, often by means of a third, so only
interventions at the scale of the problem – global – are likely to have a sustained effect.
- The Globalization of Crime, UNODC 2010
Opiates
Heroin destinations
Cocaine
Main global cocaine flows
Methamphetamine
Main global methamphetamine flows
Responding to TOC
 An effective response must be
 Global, integrated and coordinated
 Strategic: including policy and operations in combating TOC
 Comprehensive: Addressing all aspects of the “value chain”
• UNTOC’s contribution:
 Facilitation of regional and international cooperation
 Facilitation of legitimate trade, coordination and communication
between actors
 Offer tools that are flexible, practical and effective
UNODC Objectives
To assist the UN in issues of:
 illicit trafficking in and abuse of drugs;
 crime prevention and criminal justice;
 international terrorism;
 corruption.
 The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
is a global leader in the fight against illicit drugs,
transnational organized crime, terrorism and corruption,
and is the guardian of most of the related conventions,
particularly:

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The United Nations Convention against
Transnational Organized Crime and its three
protocols (against trafficking in persons,
smuggling of migrants and trafficking in
firearms);
The United Nations Convention against
Corruption;
The international drug control conventions.
The three pillars of UNODC’s work are:
 Research and analytical work;
 Normative work; and
 Field-based technical cooperation
projects.
Success story of the UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme
• UNODC-WCO Container Control Programme (CCP) expanded to 9
geographical regions.
• 20 countries have fully operational Port Control Units (50 Ports participate).
• In 30 countries, the Programme is engaging with relevant authorities to
establish Port Control Units and deliver tailor-made training.
• In 2013, 56 training workshops, study tours and mentorships took place.
553 Enforcement officials from different Enforcement Agencies were trained.
• Results of the programme in 2013: 23444 kg cocaine, 6422 kg
cannabis,1277 kg heroin, 60,883 kg tramadol and 725 kg ivory.
• Large quantities of counterfeit goods (119 containers detained), medicines,
cigarettes, stolen cars and e-waste were also seized in 2013.
• There was a significant increase in seized illicit goods in 2013 compared to
the year 2012.
Regional structure
- Staff
# #
- Staff
Costa Rica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Guatemala
Guyana
Jamaica
Panama #
Paraguay
Suriname
Argentina
Argentina
Brazil Brazil
Chile Chile
Cape Verde
Benin
Egypt #
Ghana
Iraq#
Senegal
Ivory Coast
Togo
Morocco
Cape Verde
Oman
Egypt #
Yemen
Iraq
Morocco
Oman
Yemen
Benin
Ghana
Senegal #
Togo
Albania
Albania
Azerbaijan
Georgia
Georgia
Montenegro
Montenegro
Pakistan
#
Pakistan #
Afghanistan
Afghanistan
# #
Armenia
Armenia
Bosnia Herzegovina
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Bosnia
Herzegovina
Moldova
Kazakhstan
Tajikistan
Moldova
Turkmenistan
Tajikistan
Ukraine
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan #
Ukraine
Uzbekistan #
Kenya #
Tanzania
Uganda
Uganda
Maldives
Maldives
SriLanka
Lanka
Sri
Bangladesh
Bangladesh
India
India
# #
Indonesia
Indonesia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Nepal
Nepal
Philippines
Philippines
Thailand##
Thailand
Vietnam
Vietnam
The Challenge
2015: 750 mill. container throughput
UNODC-WCO CCP Objectives
 Establishment of
Container Profiling
Units to identify highrisk containers;
 Risk management
based controls;
 Enhanced
Partnership with the
Private Sector to
facilitate legal trade.
Less than 2%
inspected
Participating Enforcement Agencies in
the Joint Port Control Unit

Customs
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
Ministry of Transport (Port Authority)
Police
National Security Agencies
Other Enforcement Agencies
Sustainability Elements
 Formal Agreements between
Government and UNODC;
 Technical Needs Assessments;
 Inter-agency agreements;
 WCO ContainerCOMM – global
secure information sharing.
WCO ContainerCOMM
Three types of
messages:
Warning;
Feedback;
Seizure.
Available in several
languages
Training Elements
Risk management based profiling techniques
Risk Analysis (targeting)– Commercial Cargo
Documents
 Advanced information from cargo manifests/ Bill of
Lading (pre-arrival , pre-departure phase);
 Entry including transhipments and export.
 Customs declarations
 Proactive use of electronic Cargo Data Systems;
 Effective use of WCO tools and open sources;
 Active cooperation with the private sector.
Some facts since start of the CCP
Programme to date
Cocaine:
90000 kg seized
Precursor
Chemicals:
1240 metric tons
Heroin:
2550 kg seized
Cannabis:
55 metric tons
Counterfeit goods: In total
More than 300 containers detained
by the Port Control Units
Protected Timber/ Ivory seizures
CITES , cigarettes and alcohol.
Future Strategy
 Global expansion of WCO ContainerCOMM to ports outside
the CCP to enhance port-to-port communication;
 Intensified use of WCO Regional Training Centers, and
WCO tools such as the WCO Cargo targeting System
 Expanding the programme to the Air cargo sector ( in
preparation);
 Expanding CCP in Asia, East and North Africa;
 Facilitation/accreditation of trainers;
 Private sector cooperation;
 Anti - Corruption – Human Rights;
 Connecting prosecutors – Latin America and Europe;
 Basic evidence handling;
THANK YOU
For further information:
Nicole Maric
Crime Prevention Expert
Tel: +43-1-26060-5477
[email protected]
www.unodc.org
For further information concerning
the UNODC-WCO Container
Control Programme:
Norbert Steilen
WCO Programme manager CCP
[email protected]

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