投影片下載

Report
漫談行動裝置應用於儀器科技
之可能與限制
Presented by 黃吉宏
E-mail: www.itrc.narl.org.tw
Introduction of
Instrument Technology Research Center
Energy Shortage
Energy
Efficiency
Environment
Change
Population
Aging
Environment
Monitoring &
Adapting
Health Care
Biomedical
Instrumentation
2
CKS Intl Airport
NARL @Taipei
Hsinchu Science-Based Industrial
Park & JuBei City
3
Commitment∣Passion∣Innovation
Attributes of ITRC
Name
History
Business
Manpower
Budget
Location
Instrument Technology Research Center
Established under National Science Council in 1974
Transformed to a non-profit organization under NARL in 2005
1. Developing a platform that incorporates the R&D of cutting-edge
instrumentation systems and its applications,
2. Offering the service to academia and industries
150 employees
27% Ph.D., 44% Masters; 62% R&D, 6% Engineer, 17% Technician
About USD12M each year; 87% from National Science Council
Hsinchu Science Park
4
Missions
• Constructing an advanced instrument technology platform
• Developing advanced instruments and manufacturing capabilities
• Providing technical services and training on instrument technology
• To support the academia &
high-tech industry
• To solve the major problems
of mankind
• To go global excellence
Energy Shortage
Energy
Efficiency
Instrumentation for Discovery
5
Environmental
Change
Population
Aging
Environmental
Monitoring &
Adaptation
Healthcare &
Biomedical
Instrumentation
Innovation for Better Life
Several Days After the Major Earthquake…
http://www.watchinese.com/article/2011/3074?page=2
三哩島核電厰
車諾比核電廠
1979
1986
史上三大核電廠事故
福島核電廠
2011
2011.3.11日本大地震引發海嘯
福島核能電廠災變
全球輻射檢測儀器優先供貨日本
蓋格管等輻射偵檢器國際停供
台灣如何因應?
劑量佩章 (TLD)
9
The CME on 4 November captured by SOHO/LASCO
SOHO:
Solar and Heliospheric Observatory
LASCO:
Large Angle and Spectrometric
Coronagraph (大角度光譜日冕儀)
Sensor:
1024x1024 pixel Tektronix CCD
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=28938
影片
http://youtu.be/kcqtaMcfo1s
12
團隊/
國別
範圍
(微西弗/小時)
儀器等級
蓋格管輻射量測儀
專業型
美國/日本 外掛或內建輻
射偵檢器
0.01–2000
智慧
手機
智慧
手機
國研院
無內建或外掛
輻射偵檢器
德國
行車
紀錄器
智慧
手機
量測時間 誤差範圍
(秒)
(%)
1–10
10%–20%
0.14–400
1–10
> 20
100–10000
1–10
10–20
10–100
30–60
20–50
1–10
60
檢知
100–10000
10–100
價格
$$$$–
$$$$$
< 20
5–10
20–40
1–10
< 50
100 以上
~ 20
~$$$
60
10–100
~ 50
14
註:標準輻射照射儀器(清華大學輻射儀器校正實驗室)最佳校正能力為標定照射劑量率5%
儀器定義
 儀器用於科學研究或技術測量,專用於一個目的
的設備或裝置。一般來說儀器是複雜的,由多個
部件組成。儀器一般不是非常大,往往可以直接
拿在手中操作,比較大的儀器很少大於一間房間
(一般被稱為裝置)。大多數儀器被用來做一定
的操作過程,但也有只用來做測量的儀器。儀器
在科學研究和實現中是不可或缺。
電子量測儀器:
• 以電子的手段,量測電壓、電流、頻率等電量之儀器;如半導體IC測試設
備、通訊測試儀器及PXI/VXI模組儀器等;
製程控制儀器:
• 用於程序控制、環境控制、流量控制等儀器;如工業校準器、壓力校正器
及流體恆流器等
光學理化分析儀器:
• 用於光學、物理、化學等特性分析儀器;如酸鹼度計、光譜儀及顯微鏡等;
醫療儀器:
• 用於醫療診斷、分析、監視儀器;
其他儀器:
• 其他用途儀器,如礦石探查器、風速計(儀)及地震儀等
儀器慣用架構
控制單元
Control Unit
感應器
Sensor/Probe
物理
(電、光、機械..)
化學
生物
….
訊號轉換
Convert
顯示裝置
Display
數字/圖像式
機械(物理式)
動作…
ARM-Base 32 bit CPU
DMA
UART
USB Host
Function Generator
Human-Machine Interface
Instrumentation
Data Flow
Command-Control
IC
Blue Tooth/RF
IR
Ethernet
NTSC Interface
PAL Interface
Touch Screen
Control Unit
IC IC Required
Clock
Signal
Converting
Sensing
Front-end
Circuit
Probe
Lock-in Amplifier
Voltage Amplifier
Current Amplifier
Frequency Range(Hz ~
Analogy
Filter
THz)
EMI/EMC Rejection
Frequency Range (Hz~THz)
IC
AD/DA Convert(Hz~THz)
Comparator
Encoder/Decoder
Encryption
Motion Control
Positioning
Seebeck Effect
Motion (angular/linear)
Pizoelectric Effect
Pulse with Modulation
Impedance
Photoelectric Effect
Hall Effect
Magnetoelectric
Physicochemical transformation
Biophysical transformation and etc.
IC
Signal
Processing
IC
Display/Communication
Signal
Analysis
FFT
Wavelet
Windowing
Digital filter
Digital Compression
Feedback
Control
Motion Control
Positing Control
IC
Spectrum
Time
Spatial
IC
Function Generator
(Frequency, Voltage,
Pattern…)
High Voltage Circuit
Low Noise Driver
Control Algorithm
IC
PID, Neural, Fuzzy
從伺服器到行動裝置…
PC
Ultrabook
Pad
Server
Intel core
Intel core
Windows 8 & mountain lion
Windows 8 & mountain lion
Laptop
Netbook
Intel core
Intel atom
Windows 8 & mountain lion
Windows & Linux
Tegra 3, A5…
Win8 RT & androids & ios
Phone
Intel Xeon
Win Server & OS X Server
Tegra 3, A5…
Win8 RT & androids & ios
Component
Original
Function
Parameters
Possible
Applications
--
Output/Input Device
Uniform/color Light
Illumination
Source
Capacity/Resistance 2D digitizer
Spectrum Analyzer for
Sound
Sound & Noise
measurement
Screen
Output/
Input Device
Microphone
Conducting
Voice
Cameras
Taking
Picture/
Video
Detecting Light
Image & Spectrum
input devices
Accelerometer
(G sensors)
Rotating Screen
Acceleration
Vibration Sensors
GPS Receiver
Position/
Clock
Radio Frequency
Electronic Compass
Compass
Gyroscope
Postures
of Devices
Measuring Magnetic
Fields by Hall effect
Measuring Angular
rate by Coriolis Effect
Communication Module
Internet Access
Radio Frequency
Position/Clock
Magnetic Field
Detection
Determining Position
and Attitude
Network Accessing &
Data Transmission
Capibilities of Mobile Devices
3G 、 Message、
EMail、Phone Call 、
Bluetooth 、WiFi
Microphone &
Camera
USB
Accelerometer
GPS
Service
22
Potential Applications
機房環境監控(防災)
儀器檢測開發與維修
3G 、 Message、E-mail、
Phone Call 、Bluetooth 、
WiFi
Smartphone
(Client)
警備伺服器
警
備
系
統
網
路
Smartphone
(Client)
警備伺服器
Smartphone
(Client)
移動伺服器
農作物資料庫
數位保姆
23
農作物
Applications
飛航拍照(定位拍照)
手機USB應用
C
C
USB & GPS & Accelerometer
旅遊導覽
24
視障、老人、罪犯追蹤與保護
人臉皮膚品質(平滑與皺紋)檢測
手機顯微鏡/ 血管血流診測儀
Mic & Carema
頻譜(米蟲與聽診測謊)檢測
贓車辨識
UC Berkeley
CellScope – a mobile phone
based fluorescent imaging
system
CellScope prototype configured for fluorescent imaging.
http://www.berkeley.edu/news/media/releases/2009/07/21_cellscope.shtml
OScan
Dr. Prakash
Stanford University (Stanford, CA,
USA)
Smartphone system helps diagnose oral
cancer
Illuminated by the device's blue
fluorescent light, malignant cancer
lesions are easily detected as dark
spots. Images can then be sent
wirelessly to health workers,
dentists or oral surgeons for
diagnosis, anywhere in the world.
The device is designed for mass
production, with an estimated
material cost of just a few dollars.
http://www.vision-systems.com/articles/2012/06/smartphone-system-helpsdiagnose-oral-cancer.html
colorBUG
OceanOptics
http://www.oceanoptics.com/products/colorbug.asp
Ultrasound imaging now possible with a
smartphone
Washington University in St. Louis
http://news.wustl.edu/news/Pages/13928.aspx
Operation architectures and
Scenarios of Traditional Instruments
Control & Commands
Exciting
Source
Sensors
Sensors
Data manipulator
& Analysis
A/D
…
Measure
Medium
A/D
Sensors
Information
Visualization
A/D
Interface
Measuring
Interface
Single Site & Single User
30
Web-centric Interface
Instrumentation Technology
Time Syn.
Control & Commands
A/D
Sensors@
Site 2
A/D
Sensors@
Site X
A/D
…
Sensors@
Site 1
IEEE
Standard
Data flow through
Ethernet/Wireless
What should Cloud do?
• Providing Data storage and Basic computing
• Integrate different data types
• Information visualization
• Cross-platform data exporting
1. Multi-Sites & Multi-Users
2. Shearing Computing/Analysis Hardware
31
Cloud
Users
Control &
Commands
Web-centric Interface
Instrumentation Technology
New Ideal? In Fact ….
NO!
In 2008, Jesse Lawrence of Stanford University and
Elizabeth Cochran of University of California
Riverside proposed Quake-Catcher Network (QCN)
Program and released a software which can collect
acceleration signals from volunteers’ laptop to
enlarge seismic acceleration monitoring network
實驗環境智慧行動儀控
Case1
Wireless- USB, GPIB,
RS232, IEEE488…
Pad + win OS
Instruments
Case2
WiFi, 3G,
Wimax, LTE…
iDevice + iOS
Instruments + PC Win OS
Essential Technologies—Overall
Intelligent Human-Machine Interface Technologies
Human
1. Input Devices
2. Status Display
Connecting
Background
1. Database (Expert
System, Learning
System)
2. Compiler (if necessary)
1. Communications
2. High Level
Programmable
Language
Machine
1. Controller
2. I/O Interface
3. Firmware
4. Sensors
From ubiquitous access to
ubiquitous operation
1980
1990
2000
34
2010
yrs
Sensors and control systems
Sensors
Measuring instruments
Serial port
Control unit
35
Human-Machine Interface Technology
Human’s
Willing/Plans
Human-Machine Interface
Commands
(High-Level
Programmable Language)
Machine I/O Devices
Communication
Device*
Machines’
Activities/Functions
36
Input Devices
Communication
Device*
Commands
(Machine Code)
Controllers
Intelligent Human-Machine
Interface Technology
Human’s
Willing/Plans
Commands
(High-Level
Programmable Language)
Display and/or
Warning Devices
Communication
Device*
Input Devices
Commands
Communication
Device*
Machine I/O
Devices
Commands
(Machine Code)
Machines’
Activities/Functions
37
Status
Controllers
• Human-Error Prevention
• Adapting Process Control
Sensors
Database
(Learning System)
General Platform of IHMIs
Current Architecture
Touch
Screen/Touch
Panel/Tablet
Cable/Wireless
Controller @
Machine
Input Device
Smart
Phone/Tablet
Wireless
Server of an
assigned
company
General Architecture
Apps
Input Device
Smart
Phone/Tablet
On site—
Cable
Internet protocol
Command
Transmitters
Microprocessor/E
mbedded System
Remote—
Wireless
Firmware for
handshaking
Controller A@
Machine
Controller B @
Machine
Controller C @
Machine
Controller D @
Machine D
38
Thank you for your attention!
資料提供:
廖泰杉博士、吳至傑博士、陳志彥博士、林宇軒先生、劉達人博士

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