Basketball Officials Clinic 3 person mechanics 3 Person Terminology • • • • • • • • • • • Rotation Switch L Official (Lead) C Official (Center) T Official (Trail) Close Down Ball Side Strong Side Weak Side Table Side Opposite Side • Call selection • Catalog plays • Double Whistle Mechanics • Don’t come up with prelim • Game Management • Aware of time, game, score, situations • Live Ball Communication • Patient Whistle • Secondary Whistle • Communicating Last Second Responsibilities Pre-game Conference • Do not overlook this important aspect of the game • Know your partner’s name & tendencies • Discuss switching, helping with press, displacement, & communication – Make sure to have the shooter & not to grant TO until all communication is done • Discuss situations (types of players & style of play) – – – – – Double whistles (foul vs. violation?) Block/Charge Rebounding fouls Illegal screens New rules (team control fouls) • Talk about dealing with technical fouls • Discuss last minute & clock responsibilities CAPTAIN’S MEETING & JUMP BALL PRODURES Pre-game Positions R checks both officials, gets players set, blow whistle, indicate directions & tosses U-1 checks table, counts players, check toss & chops clock; U-2 confirms with R U-1 R U-2 Jump Ball Positioning Ball Goes Right L – Mirror ball, referee the lane/post area: T – Get angle/position & on-ball coverage; 3 pt coverage C - Referee Off Ball, look for illegal screens, going through screens, displacement, holding, etc. Primary Areas of Coverage Lines of Responsibility • Lead only has baseline – If doing duties and looking at primary, WILL need help on some opposite side out of bounds • (blow whistle with arm up & look to “C”) • Trail has his/her sideline, midcourt line, and backcourt line (when appropriate) • “C” has own sideline (may help with midcourt if rotating or transition) Lines of Responsibility: T-Green, C-Yellow, L-Blue Throw-In Responsibilities • “L” may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt • Administers all Throw-Ins below FT line extended • May bounce ball on sideline • “T” handles all throw-ins in the backcourt, regardless of location (“bump and run,” if necessary) • “T” may bounce any sideline or end line throw-in (may depend on defensive pressure) • “C” out of bounds, always have 2 officials ball side for throw in End Line Throw-Ins in the Frontcourt • L may administer throw-ins on either side of player when staying in frontcourt Shot & Rebound Coverage • Lead should not be positioned within lane lines • Both C and T should close down on shots • C is primarily responsible for weak side rebounding Shot & Rebound Coverage Three-Point Shot Coverage • Lead should not be positioned within lane lines • If both C and T indicate the 3-pt attempt, T should referee the defense on the shooter and stay with the shot; C should release and cover rebounding • C/T should mirror the other official’s “good” signal Lead help on 3pt shot • Only on fast break will Lead Signal 3pt. Signal • Trail will still mirror 3pt. Signal and will go up if good w/ C mirroring made basket ROTATION SEQUENCES Lead Official Closes Down, Prepare for Rotation When to initiate rotation at Lead YOU HAVE TO USE YOUR PERIPHERAL VISION AT ALL TIMES!!!!! • The ball is below the free throw line extended (inside 3 pt. line) for an extended period of time • If in the frontcourt (fast break) all 3 officials and the ball are in frontcourt status and the ball is weak-side – Want two people strong-side (ball-side) if possible • The player has received the ball weak-side and … – Is definitely putting the ball into the post to a big man/woman (Think SHAQ…) – Has consistently beaten his/her man and looks to drive a lot • Person at 3 pt line, looking to drive baseline also When not to rotate? • Quick jump shots • Ball is being tossed around the arc or dribbled around the arc without making a drive to the basket • When all 3 officials and the ball are not in the frontcourt • Last few seconds to quarter or half • Loose ball when no team possession is gained – Exception: To get a better angle for a foul/jump ball • Then fix the move by going back to original position Lead Initiates Rotation, Trail goes to New C, and C goes to New T Responsibilities while rotating • Lead must swivel head so that he/she still can call “old” primary area (lane area) until fully established in new position – Don’t pivot early, get to new primary the pivot finishing rotation • Trail & “C” must focus on primary area until Lead gets into new “Lead” position – STAY WITH COMPETITIVE MATCHUPS AS NEEDED • Use body language so partner know you are staying with players Lead has ball coverage, Trail looks off ball (screens) & fouls above shoulders on shot Center Official referee off ball & rebound fouls Full Rotation: New Areas of Coverage BETTER TO HAVE 2 C’S THAN 2 TRAILS WHEN ROTATING! DO NOT WAIVER! IF YOU’RE GONNA ROTATE..GO!! How to fix a rotation • During frontcourt team possession – Use verbal or non-verbal communication with fellow officials • During change of possession (going the other way) – Easiest way to fix is for Old lead that rotated to go back to original position and work new Trail position – If old Trail recognizes switch but new trail does not, Old lead (New Trail) can tell official to bump up to New Lead – If old Trail does not recognize switch (may have 2 new leads), verbally tell person to be at new C Fixing a Unnecessary Rotation, Quick Turnover, Lead Banana Back Trail Positioning • Work the angles and see space – Move to improve • Don’t get stuck too far in court – In way for transitions When the “C” can initiate rotation • Team just established frontcourt possession on “C” Side • Player is feeling pressure or is being trapped • “C” must get angle and may need to go “High” to see the players/play (Goes to a Trail position) • Lead must recognize situation and rotate over • Trail must recognize and help at 1st then move down to “C” • Only use when appropriate and this may be missed by the Lead and Trail (be aware of situation) Center Initiates Rotation: Trap on Center Side by Mid-court Press Coverage • Old Lead/New Trail stay out of bounds until ball goes above FT line • Has ballhandler & defender • Center stays at FT line & moves w/ second wave of players • L should have deepest player in front and boxed-in • All officials prepare for help calls C responsibilities in transition • Center may have ball responsibilities on quick passes • In any transition, can call across court to other sideline • May have best view across paint even in front court play Foul Reporting Mechanics • Only 2 officials should be moving – 3rd official dead ball officiating • Calling official freeze after call & notify players/partners situation – Report Foul & Stay Table side • Hustle around players & Stop in reporting area (Federation mechanics) – Table side official go to calling official’s previous area for throw-in or prepare FT • Do not cross vision line of reporting official Trail gets ball for throw-in going outside players & pointing to spot of throw-in Center C watches Official allwatches players during all players dead during ball foul report Lead whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates with partner situation, points to spot of throw-in Foul Reporting Mechanics: Lead non-shooting foul on baseline Lead gets ball, goes to opposite baseline for throw-in & point to spot of throw-in Trail Official watches all players during foul report & rotates to New C position Center whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates with partner situation, points to spot of throw-in Foul Reporting Mechanics: Center non-shooting foul on baseline Lead Official watches all players during foul report Center Official watches all players during foul report & stays at same position Trail whistles foul, pauses, gets info & communicates w/ partner situation, points to spot of throw-in & stays in position for throw-in After report, trail stays in position for throw-in Foul Reporting Mechanics: Trail non-shooting foul on sideline Foul Reporting Mechanics: Lead non-shooting foul on baseline Foul Reporting Mechanics: C non-shooting foul on baseline Foul Reporting: Trail calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Lead calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Center calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Trail calls shooting foul Foul Reporting : Center calls shooting foul Foul Reporting: Lead calls shooting foul Free Throw Mechanics: Non-rebounding free throw Trail bring in subs Free Throw Mechanics: Rebounding free throw Both Trail and Center step down on FT and Center chop clock, lead picks up arm to chop if made basket Bump & Run: C calls travel on White in transition Bump & Run: Trail calls backcourt on White in transition No Long Switches: Lead calls player control foul on White Last Second Shot • C or T – Opposite table official is responsible • L may need to offer assistance or be responsible if on fast break • Responsible official should communicate with partners that he/she has the last second shot (discussed during pre-game) On any TO, make sure to know situation & communicate w/ officials & teams Prior to report, tell fellow officials who’s ball or who the shooter is Timeout Mechanics & Positioning Work Hard & Do Your Best! • Questions?