Iran Effect of Cold War • 1953 – US and British jointly remove democratically elected prime minister from power after he attempted to nationalize the oil fields. • Former monarch (the Shah) is brought back to rule (He’s pro-US). THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION THE SHAH OF IRAN •RULED IRAN OVER 20 YEARS •FRIEND OF THE US •WESTERNIZED IRAN •BECAME UNPOPULAR – MOST IRANIANS ARE MUSLIMS – SOUGHT AN ISLAMIC-BASED SOCIETY Continued Conflict • Shah begins to take power away from democratic govt. and eliminate opponents. • Ayatollah Khomeini becomes a vocal opponent of the Shah / he is imprisoned for 18 months and later exiled. REVOLUTION!! • January 1978 – people rise up against the Shah. • January 1979 – Shah flees the nation. • April 1979 – Iran becomes an Islamic Republic with the Ayatollah being the Supreme Leader and a democratically elected govt. under him. 1979 – THE SHAH IS OVERTHROWN THUS BEGAN THE IRANIAN REVOLUTION NEW LEADER COMES TO POWERHIS NAME - AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI HE CREATES AN ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALIST SOCIETY •LAWS NOW BASED ON THE KORAN – THIS IS CALLED SHARIA •IRAN’S GOV’T BECOMES A THEOCRACY •WOMEN’S RIGHTS ARE LIMITED THE US IS NOW VIEWED AS AN ENEMY OF IRAN FOLLOWERS OF KHOMEINI TAKE OVER THE US EMBASSY IN IRAN US vs. Iran!! • Nov. 1979 – Iranian college students attack the US embassy and take 52 Americans hostage demanding the return of the Shah. • January 1981 – All hostages set free. • Ayatollah begins calling the US “The Great Satan” • July 1988 – US navy ship accidentally shoots down an Iranian commercial airplane killing 290 people (most were Iranian). Change?…..NOPE • 1997 – Mohammad Khatami elected President (reformer – wishes to change Iranian society) • 2005 – Religious Leaders limit the power of the reformers in govt. by taking away their seats in govt. • 2005 – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad elected president. Ahmadinejad • Has stated that Israel should be “wiped off the map”. • Has stated that the Holocaust was a “myth”. • Has stated that the 9/11 attacks were “suspect” and all that happened was “a building collapsed”. • Has pushed for development of nuclear technology. Recently declared Iran a nuclear nation. 2009 Elections • June 12 – election results show that Ahmadinejad won with 62%. Many claim that the election was fixed. • Thousands pour into the streets to protest. 2009 Elections (cont.) • Govt responds harshly!! • From 72-150 protestors killed and 4000 arrested. • Govt censored the media and attempted to shut down the Internet. • Families of victims were punished.