Nursing Theorist Presentation Final

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NURSING THEORY
PRESENTATION
MICHAEL FLAHERTY AND TIMOTHY
DOBSON
JAMES MADISON UNIVERSITY
NSG 463 PROFESSIONAL TRANSITIONING TO NURSING
PROFESSOR KAREN JAGIELLO
9/29/14
THE NEWMAN SYSTEM MODEL
BY: BETTY NEUMAN
BETTY NEUMAN
Started her career in 1947 as a
diploma nurse.
Received her BSN and MS
from University of CaliforniaLos Angelos.
MS focused in Mental health
Public Health Consultation 3
http://www.neumansyste
msmodel.org/
THE SPARK
Neuman’s primary field of
practice was mental Health
She originally developed a
model to focus on teaching
community mental health
Neuman then developed: A
Model for Teaching Total
Person Approach to Patient
Problems.
Which developed into the
Neuman Systems Model. 3
NEUMAN’S SYSTEMS
MODEL
THE CLIENT SYSTEM
Open system
Basic core structure
Protected by lines of resistance
Usual level of health
Flexible line of defense 1-2
THE CLIENT SYSTEM –
CONT.
Open System – Continuous flow
of input, output,
feedback and
compensation
Basic Structure – Basic survival
factors
Client variables:
Physiological
Psychological
Sociocultural
Developmental
Spiritual 2
THE CLIENT SYSTEM – CONT.
Normal Line of Defense
Usual state of wellness
Flexible Line of Defense
First line of defense
Lines of Resistance
Last line(s) of defense1
NURSING
INTERVENTIONS
Primary
Immunizations
Health education
Exercise
Lifestyle changes 1-2
NURSING
INTERVENTIONS –
CONT.
Secondary
Treatment of symptoms
Conserve energy
Regain stability 1-2
NURSING
INTERVENTIONS –
CONT.
Tertiary
Reconstitution 1-2
NEUMAN’S MODEL
Strengths:
Application
Flexibility
Straight Forward
Inline with healthcare
today 1-2
Weakness:
Not specific enough
Overly complicated 1-2
NEUMAN’S NURSE
Neuman defines nursing as “action which assist
individuals, families and groups to maintain a maximum
level of wellness, and the primary aim is stability of the
patient/client system, through nursing interventions to
reduce stressors.’’ (Betty Neuman's System Model, 2012)
OUR NURSING PRACTICE
Holistic Nursing
Multimodal Interventions
Prevention/health promotion
Medication therapy
Complimentary Alternative Medicine
Discharge education/End of Life
Support
REFERENCES
1Gonzalo,
A. (2011). Betty Neuman - The Neuman Systems Model.
Retrieved from Theoretical Foundations of Nursing:
http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/betty-neuman.html
2Betty Neuman's System Model. (2012, January 28). Retrieved from
Nursing Theories:
http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Neuman.html
3Neuman, Betty. (1945-2008) . Betty M. Neuman papers,
Barbara Bates Center for The Study of The History of
Nursing, University of Pennsylvania retrieved from
http://dla.library.upenn.edu/dla/ead/ead.pdf ?id=EAD_u
penn_bates_PUNMC160

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