Exadata X3 Reference CHN version

Report
Exadata Database Machine X3
新发布 X3 数据库云服务器 内部参考
20120907
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议程表
 概要
 Launch PPT 汉化
 所谓“八分之一”配
 硬件配置表及比较
 SWOT 分析总结
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概要 I
 X3 将于九月下旬公开发布,目前请注意保密
 全系 Exadata X2 在2012年9月1日后停止下单
– 之后的X2订单将会以 X3 配置被Re-Quoted
– X3 与 X2 同配置 硬件价格完全一致
 X3-2 将新增八分之一配置
– 详情将在稍后章节细述
 X3 软硬件变更高亮
– 硬件性能全面提升,CPU核数增多
– Linux ONLY, 升级到 Unbreakable Kernel, 存储软件升级到11.2.3.2
– KVM取消,机柜内空余两个机架单位
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概要 II - DB CPU Processor
 X3-2 满配 Licensing 记 64 Processor (X2 满配 记 48 Processor )
 X3-2
1/2配
Licensing 记 32 Processor (X2 1/2配 记 24 Processor )
 X3-2
1/4配
Licensing 记 16 Processor (X2 1/4配 记 12 Processor )
 X3-2 将新增 八分之一配置 记 8 Processor
 X3 软件架构与 X2 保持一致
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议程表
 概要
 Launch PPT 汉化
 所谓“八分之一”配
 硬件配置表及比较
 SWOT 分析总结
5
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Exadata 发展演变
• X3-2 8-core Servers
• X3-8 80-core Servers
• Sparc SuperCluster
• 3TB Disks
State-of-the-Art,
Scale-out Hardware
• Storage Expansion Rack
• X2-8 CPU Refresh
• 2TB DRAM per node
• Write-back Flash cache
• X2-2 Servers
• X2-8 64-core Servers
• Exadata V1
Introduced
• V2 Servers
• 40 Gb InfiniBand
• PCI Flash Cards
• Enterprise Manager 12c
Database to Disk
Management
• Solaris x86
• Reverse Offload
• Smart Flash Logging
独特的软件整合
• Hardware DB Encryption
• Automatic Service Request
• Data Mining Offload
• Smart Scan
• InfiniBand Scaleout
2008
6
• Smart Flash Cache
• Storage Index
• Columnar Compression
2009
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2010
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2011
2012
引介
EXADATA X3
第四代数据库机器
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Exadata 满配 X3 Vs. X2
更大
 与 Exadata X2 一样的架构
更快
 最新的技术优势
4 倍 更大闪存
20 倍以上 写性能
33% 以上数据吞吐
33% 更快的计算节点 CPUs
增加 75 % 内存
100 % 更多数据中心带宽
至 30%
能源节省
10%10%
to 20%
Lower
Power
8
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22 TB of Flash Memory 每机架
Exadata Smart Flash Write Caching
100 GB/sec running SQL
8 核 Xeon® SandyBridge E5-2690
Up to 2 TB 每 X3-2 机架
40X 10Gb ports 每 X3-2 机架
Up to 3 Kilowatt Reduction 每机架
升级换代后满配主要硬件指标优势
V1
V2
X2
X3
2008
2009
2010
2012
存储 (TB) 168
336
504
504
3X
0
5.3
5.3
22.4
4X
64
64
96
128
2X
内存 (GB) 256
576
1152
2048
8X
24
184
400
400
50X
闪存卡 (TB)
DB CPU (Cores)
连通性 (Gb/s)
9
88
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Exadata 智能闪存回写
Writes I/Os
 不仅缓存读 I/O,同时缓存写 I/O
 透明加速写密集型负载
– 比 X3 磁盘每秒写操作高20倍以上
– 比 V2 和 X2 磁盘每秒写操作高10倍以上
 持久的写缓存加速数据库恢复
 Exadata 智能闪存比其它厂商使用的闪存层架构更有效
1 Million 8Kb
Write IOPs
from SQL
10
– 缓存当前热数据, 而不是昨天的
– 缓存数据的粒度比闪存层细小8到16倍
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 显著地提高了闪存的效力
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引介
EXADATA
八分之一配机架
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新 Exadata X3-2 八分之一配 机架
低成本
 最低成本的 Exadata配置
 将Exadata的极限性能优势带给更小的负载、开发、测
试和灾备等应用场景
 硬件与四分之一机架相同
– 一半的CPU、硬盘和Flash卡 Disabled
– 一半的Database和Exadata 智能存储软件许可
性能快过10年的四分
之一配,08年的半配
12
 通过一条软件指令升级到四分之一机架
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Exadata 白金级售后支持
ORACLE PLATINUM SERVICES
Complete. Integrated. Proactive.
High Availability. No Additional Cost.
 Better support for the complete Oracle stack
 24/7 support
–
 Specialized Engineered Systems Support Team
Includes higher support levels for Database software
 Proactive remote monitoring for faults
 2-hour onsite response to hardware issues1
 Industry leading service level response times:
 New Updates and Upgrades for Database,
–
Server, Storage, and OS software
–
 My Oracle Support proactive support portal
–
 "Phone home" automated service requests (ASR)
5 Minute Fault Notification
15 Minute Restoration or Escalation to Development
30 Minute Joint Debugging with Development
 Oracle Engineers perform quarterly patching
and updates
Available for certified configurations on Exadata
1 Covered
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system must be within an Oracle two-hour service area to receive two-hour response as a standard service.
议程表
 概要
 Launch PPT 汉化
 所谓“八分之一”配
 硬件配置表及比较
 SWOT 分析总结
14
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最新配置 - 八分之一配 简介
 硬件配置与四分之一配完全一致
– 4个8核志强 CPU
– 硬件报价$200,000,60%的四分之一配硬件报价
 软件License只有 X3 四分之一配DB的一半 CPU 核数
– 四分之一配算16 Processor ,八分之一配算8 Processor
– Intel 志强 E5系列 CPU 计算系数:0.5
 通过软件方式禁用一半的硬件
– 软件指令升级到四分之一配
 计算节点与存储节点分别冗余,提供高可用性
15
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议程表
 概要
 Launch PPT 汉化
 所谓“八分之一”配
 硬件配置表及比较
 SWOT 分析总结
16
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Exadata X3 DB 计算节点
Exadata Database Machine X3-2 Hardware
Full Rack 满
Half Rack 半
Quarter Rack 1/4
Eighth Rack 1/8
8 xDB 计算节点,每个含: 4xDB计算节点, 每个含: 2xDB计算节点,每个含: 2xDB 计算节点,每个含:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2 x Eight-Core Intel® Xeon® E5-2690 Processors (2.9 GHz)
128 GB Memory (expandable to 256GB)
Disk Controller HBA with 512MB Battery Backed Write Cache
4 x 300 GB 10,000 RPM Disks
2 x QDR (40Gb/s) Ports
4 x 1/10 Gb Ethernet Ports (copper)
2 x 10 Gb Ethernet Ports (optical)
1 x ILOM Ethernet Port
2 x Redundant Hot-Swappable Power Supplies
共 128 CPU cores 供
数据库处理 (每计算节
点 16 cores)
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共 64 CPU cores 供
数据库处理 (每计算
节点 16 cores)
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共 32 CPU cores 供
数据库处理 (每计算节
点 16 cores)
共 16 CPU cores 供数
据库处理 (每计算节点 8
cores 激活)
Exadata X3 存储节点
Exadata Database Machine X3-2 Hardware
Full Rack 满
Half Rack 半
Quarter Rack 1/4
14 x Exadata 存储节点
7 x Exadata 存储节点
3 x Exadata 存储节点
3 x Exadata 存储节点
• 168 CPU cores for
SQL processing
• 84 CPU cores for
SQL processing
• 36 CPU cores for
SQL processing
• 56 PCI flash cards
with 22.4 TB Exadata
Smart Flash Cache
• 28 PCI flash cards
with 11.2 TB Exadata
Smart Flash Cache
• 12 PCI flash cards
with 4.8 TB Exadata
Smart Flash Cache
• 36 CPU cores for SQL
processing (18 cores
enabled)
• 12 x 600 GB 15,000
RPM High
Performance disks or
12 x 3 TB 7,200 RPM
High Capacity disks
• 12 x 600 GB 15,000
RPM High
Performance disks
or 12 x 3 TB 7,200
RPM High Capacity
disks
• 12 x 600 GB
15,000 RPM High
Performance disks
or 12 x 3 TB 7,200
RPM High Capacity
disks
18
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Eighth Rack 1/8
• 12 PCI flash cards (6
cards enabled)with 2.4
TB Exadata Smart Flash
Cache
• 12 x 600 GB 15,000
RPM High Performance
disks or 12 x 3 TB 7,200
RPM High Capacity
disks (6 disks per
storage server enabled)
Exadata X3 DB CPU 较 X2 提升
 X3 CPU 从原: Six-Core Intel® Xeon® X5675 Processors (3.06 GHz)
提升到现: Eight-Core Intel® Xeon® E5-2690 Processors (2.9 GHz)
License 计算核数
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机器型号
CPU 型号
满配
1/2
1/4
1/8
X3-2
新 Eight-Core Intel® Xeon® E5-2690 Processors (2.9 GHz)
64
32
16
8
X2-2
旧 Six-Core Intel® Xeon® X5675 Processors (3.06 GHz)
48
24
12
N/A
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Exadata X3 闪存 较 X2 提升
 X3 Flash 闪存 比原 X2 容量提升4倍,反应速度缩短高达40%
Flash 闪存卡容量 (TB)
20
机器型号
满配
1/2
1/4
1/8
X3-2
22.4
11.2
4.8
2.4
X2-2
5.3
2.6
1.1
N/A
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议程表
 概要
 Launch PPT 汉化
 所谓“八分之一”配
 硬件配置表及比较
 SWOT 分析总结
21
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X3 SWOT 分析模型 I
机会
•
•
•
•
优势
节能减排的环境要求;
混合负载、实时BI场景需求增加;
存储数据量逐渐增长;
客户预算紧张。
• 八分之一配报价,降低对象客户门槛,给客户四分
之一配的性能;
• SMART SCAN技术;
• 混合列压缩提高高压缩比;
• CPU频率、闪存容量显著增加
• 闪存缓存算法优于友商 Tiering。
威胁
•
•
•
22
劣势
在数据被压缩环境下,灾备复杂度提高;
面临数百块硬盘构成的低端存储的高吞吐竞争;
面临海量内存构成的较低价 DB Machine 的竞争。
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•
•
•
•
内存容量增长不明显;
硬盘数量不占优势;
OLTP 负载 有待证明优势;
-8 配置有点贵,大陆没有案例。
X3 SWOT 分析模型 II
优势
•
八分之一配报价,降低对象客户门槛,给客户四分
•
CPU频率、闪存容量显著增加。
内部 之一配的性能;
外部
机会
SO 利用
• 节能减排的环境要求;
• 在数据被压缩环境下,灾备、
复制复杂度提高;
• 混合负载、实时BI需求增加;
• 存储数据量逐渐增长;
• 客户预算紧张。
• 峰值功耗降低27.3%,典型功耗降低22.4%;
• 中小型数据库可以缓存在闪存内提高访问速度;
• 数据压缩功能可提供高压缩比,降低存储硬件开支;
• 测试、灾备场景下,充分利用与Exadata环境(压
缩、加密、分区等)兼容性强(自己的API接口、
Redo格式)的同厂产品优势。
威胁
ST 监视
• 面临数百块硬盘构成的低端
存储的高吞吐竞争;
• 面临海量内存构成的较低价
DB Machine 的竞争。
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• 与客户充分沟通,介绍国内案例以及实施情况;
• 充分利用扩容的的闪存,缓存海量数据提高访问速
度,以弥补硬盘总数量的不足;
• 测试、灾备场景下,监视竞争对手。
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劣势
•
•
•
•
内存容量增长不明显;
硬盘数量不占优势;
OLTP 负载 有待证明优势;
-8 配置有点贵,大陆没有案例。
WO 改进
• 以八分之一配置推介给客户,按
业务增长逐步扩展;
• 先上船,后卖票,配合License
Management。
WT 消除
• 推介给客户高端配置的 X3-8 型
号;
• 人民币兑美元在走强。。。
X3 分析总结
 用好八分之一配,拉低Exadata价格门槛,拓宽目标市场范围
– 60%的四分之一配硬件报价,50%的四分之一配DB CPU 核数
– 按客户需求后续逐步扩展升级配置,先上船后卖票
 全面升级的闪存能力,从容应对各种竞争
– 容量增长4.2倍 (5.3TB 至 22.4TB)
– 访问反应速度提升40%
 通过软件方式禁用一半的硬件
– 软件指令升级到四分之一配
 最低配计算节点与存储节点分别具备冗余,提供高可用性
24
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