Introduction to SQL Azure

Report
Introduction to SQL Azure
Orange County SQL User’s Group
Adnan Masood
www.AdnanMasood.com
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Slides courtesy of Lynn Langit – www.socaldevgal.com
Windows Azure Platform
Compute:
Storage:
Virtualized compute environment based on Windows Server
Durable, scalable, & available storage
Management:
Database:
Automated, model-driven management of the service
Relational processing for structured/unstructured data
Service Bus:
General purpose application bus
Access Control:
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Rules-driven, claims-based access control
Extending SQL Data Platform to Cloud
Symmetric Programming Model
Data Hub Aggregation
Initial Services
Database – Core SQL Server database capabilities
Future Services
Data Sync – Enables the sync framework (soon after PDC)
Additional SQL Server capabilities available as a service:
Business Intelligence and Reporting
New services: Reference Data and Secure Data Hub
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Microsoft SQL Azure
Clear Feedback: “I want a database in the Cloud”
Familiar SQL Server relational model
Uses existing APIs & tools
Friction free provisioning and reduced
management
Built for the Cloud with availability and scale
Accessible to all from PHP, Ruby, and Java
Focus on combining the best features of SQL Server
running at scale with low friction
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The Evolution of SQL Azure
REST Client
Application
Browser
Application
REST Client
SQL Client*
REST Client
REST/SOAP + ACE Model
OLD SDS
HTTP
HTTP+REST
Windows Azure
Data Center
Web App
Evolves
Data Center
Windows Azure
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Application
Cloud
HTTP
HTTP+REST
Cloud
Browser
Application
TDS
Application
REST (Astoria)
Web App
ADO.Net + EF
SQL Client*
TDS + TSQL Model
SQL Azure
* Client access enabled using TDS for ODBC,
ADO.Net, OLEDB, PHP-SQL, Ruby, …
ODBC, OLEDB,
ADO.Net PHP,
Ruby, …
Database Choices
Value Props:
Value Props:
Roll-your-own HA/DR/scale
Dedicated
Resources
On-premise
Value Props:
Hosted
SQL Azure (RDBMS)
Shared
Low
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“Friction”/Control
High
Scenarios for V1
Departmental Applications
Simple application built by individual or department
Need simple deployment, self-management, IT: “Empowerment and
Governance”
Web Applications
Small business or startup that uses the cloud as their IT
Simple deployment, self-management, scale on demand
ISV
ISV hosting software on behalf of customer
Multi-tenant support for billing and isolation
Data Hub (Shortly After V1)
Sharing and aggregating of data across tiers and across enterprises
Centralized place for data, high scale, sync with existing data sources
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V1 Application Topologies
SQL Azure access from within MS Datacenter
SQL Azure access from outside MS Datacenter
(Azure compute – ADO.NET)
(On-premises – ADO.NET)
Application/
Browser
SOAP/REST
HTTP/S
App Code
/ Tools
ADO.NET Data Svcs/REST - EF
HTTP/S
App Code
(ASP.NET)
Windows Azure
T-SQL (TDS)
T-SQL (TDS)
SQL Data
Services
MS
Datacenter
Code Near
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SQL Data
Services
MS
Datacenter
Code Far
Service Provisioning Model
Each account has zero or more servers
Account
Azure wide, provisioned in a common portal
Billing instrument
Each server has one or more databases
Server
Contains metadata about the databases and usage
Unit of authentication
Unit of Geo-location
Generated DNS based name
Each database has standard SQL objects
Database
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Unit of consistency
Unit of multi-tenancy
Contains Users, Tables, Views, Indices, etc.
Most granular unit of billing
Architecture
Shared infrastructure at SQL database and below
Request routing, security and isolation
Scalable HA technology provides the glue
Automatic replication and failover
Provisioning, metering and billing infrastructure
SDS Provisioning (databases, accounts, roles, …, Metering, and Billing
Machine 4
SQL Instance
User
DB1
SQL DB
User
DB2
User
DB3
User
DB4
User
DB1
Machine 5
Machine 6
SQL Instance
SQL Instance
SQL DB
User
DB2
User
DB3
User
DB4
User
DB1
SQL DB
User
DB2
User
DB3
User
DB4
Scalability
andFailover,
Availability:Replication,
Fabric, Failover,and
Replication,
and Load balancing
Scalability and Availability:
Fabric,
Load balancing
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SQL Azure
Deployment
Web Portal
(API)
DB
Script
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SQL Azure
TDS
SQL Azure
Accessing databases
Web Portal
(API)
Your
App
SQL Azure
TDS
Change Connection String
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Database Replicas
Replica 1
DB
Replica 2
Replica 3
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Shared Environment
A
B
Hardware Boundary
B
Hardware Boundary
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C
D
Hardware Boundary
C
C
A
D
A
B
D
Hardware Boundary
SQL Azure
Database Monitoring & Recovery
Web Portal
(API)
Your
App
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SQL Azure
TDS
!
Programming Model
Small Data Sets
Use a single database
Same model as on premise SQL Server
Large Data Sets and/or Massive Throughput
Partition data across many databases
Use parallel fan-out queries to fetch the data
Application code must be partition aware in v1
For v1 will publish best practices for scale out
Post-v1 we are looking at building an abstraction to hide
some of the complexities of partitioning
Sharding Databases
1 x 10GB database
1 Instances
10 x 1GB databases
10 Instances
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SQL Tooling & Development
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Managing your account
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Viewing database information
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Sample screen – requires VS2010
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Compatibility Goals
Support common application patterns
Logical/policy based administration
Patterns work from SQL Server to SQL Azure
Multi-tenancy considerations
Throttling and load balancing
Limits on DB size, transaction duration, …
V1: Address the needs of the majority of web and departmental application
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Sample of SQL Compatibility
In Scope for v1
Tables, indexes and views
Stored Procedures
Triggers
Constraints
Table variables,
session temp tables (#t)
…
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Out of Scope for v1
Distributed Transactions
Distributed Query
CLR
Service Broker
Spatial
Physical server or catalog
DDL and views
Connection Model
Use existing client libraries
ADO.NET, ODBC, PHP
Client libraries pre-installed in Azure roles
Support for ASP.NET controls
Clients connect directly to a database
Cannot hop across DBs (no USE)
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Logical vs. Physical Administration
SQL Azure focus on logical administration
Schema creation and management
Query optimization
Security management (Logins, Users, Roles)
Service handles physical management
Automatically replicated with HA “out of box”
Transparent failover in case of failure
Load balancing of data to ensure SLA
DBA role places more focus on logical management
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Deployment
Support for basic deployment options
SQL scripts work (but not attach database)
Geo-location of Windows Azure compute and
SQL Azure Databases
Support for Application and multi-server
management model
Support for application packages
Cloud or on-premise is a deployment time choice
Visibility of data across on-premise and the cloud
Support existing and new forms of deployment
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Security Model
Uses regular SQL security model
Authenticate logins, map to users and roles
Authorize users and roles to SQL objects
Limited to standard SQL Auth logins
Username + password
Future AD Federation, WLID, etc as alternate
authentication protocols
Security model is 100% compatible with on-premise SQL
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Pricing
Web Edition
1 GB Database
$9.99 / month
Bandwidth
$0.10 /GB inbound
$0.15 /GB outbound
Business Edition
10GB Database
$99.99 / month
Bandwidth
$0.10 /GB inbound
$0.15 /GB outbound
Specified by MAXSIZE on CREATE DATABASE command or portal (post-CTP1)
Can NOT switch betweenen Web and Business Editions
Monthly billing period
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Platform Readiness (EHA)
Exchange Hosted Archive (EHA) is high scale
archival service
Runs on SQL Azure infrastructure
In production prior to SQL Azure v1
Rebuilt to address cost and scale issues
http://www.microsoft.com/casestudies/Case_Study_Detail.aspx?CaseStudyID=4000003098
Reduced COGS with increased customer and business benefit:
 Larger scale (e.g. larger customers ~20TB+ each)
 More self-managing (e.g. fault-tolerance)
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 Better query performance for fan-out
 Faster provisioning of new customers
SQL Azure
Opportunities and Futures
Partitioned databases
Geo-location and geo-redundancy
Distributed query
Security w/AD, WLID, etc
Support for multiple levels of hardware
and software isolation
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Release Plan
MIX ‘09
Mar 09
TechEd
Apr 09
May 09
WWPC
Jun 09
Internal
Adoption
Jul 09
PDC
Aug 09
SQL Azure Early
Adopters
Sep 09
Oct 09
SQL Azure
CTP
SQL Azure Early Adopters CTP – On-board invitation-only early adopters
SQL Azure CTP - Register for an invitation code
Commercial Availability with Windows Azure in 2009
Sign up for our CTP:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/sqlserver/dataservices/default.aspx
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Nov 09
Commercial
Availability (V1)
Key Takeaways
SQL Azure available – PDC ’09
Integrated part of the SQL Data Platform
Leverage you existing SQL Server knowledge and
tools
SQL Azure is the data platform of the
Windows Azure Platform
Want to Know More?
Windows Azure Platform
http://www.azure.com/
Windows Azure Platform Training Kit
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=4
13E88F8-5966-4A83-B309-53B7B77EDF78&displaylang=en
MSDN Development Center
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/sqlserver/dataservices
Team Blog
http://blogs.msdn.com/ssds
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