Colleen Barnes, CFIA - Canadian Meat Council

Regulatory Modernization
Colleen Barnes, Executive Director, Food Regulatory
Modernization, CFIA
Canadian Meat Council
May 8, 2014
© 2011 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada
(Canadian Food Inspection Agency), all rights reserved. Use without permission is prohibited.
To provide an overview of the Agency’s transformation
Why are we doing this?
o Globalization and industry consolidation
o Shifting consumer landscape – aging population and
increasing expectations
o Evolving production and processing technologies
o Emerging pathogens and diseases
o Increased knowledge of risk and systems-based
o Advances in science and technology
o Modernization initiatives of trading partners
Safe Food for Canadians Act
The Safe Food for Canadians Act (SFCA) received Royal
Assent in 2012, providing the legislative base to simplify and
consolidate our regulations and make them outcome-based with
common requirements across commodities
A discussion document entitled “A New Regulatory Framework
for Federal Food Inspection” was released in June 2013 for
broad consultation; the document posed a number of policy
questions for consideration. The document consultation period
was open until November 30, 2013
External consultations included;
– Engagement of over 1200 individual external stakeholders via
– Around 3400 industry and consumer representatives were engaged
 78 responses to questions posed in June
• The SFCA provides the legislative base to simplify and consolidate
three CFIA inspection statutes and 10 corresponding regulations…
Meat Inspection Act (1)
Fish Inspection Act (1)
Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (1)
Canada Agricultural Products Act (10)
Applies to dairy, egg, fresh fruit and
vegetables, maple and honey products
marketed through import, export and
interprovincial trade
… With a single set of food inspection regulations that apply to all
food imported, exported and prepared for inter-provincial trade.
Meat Inspection Act (1)
Fish Inspection Act (1)
Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (1)
Canadian Agricultural Products Act (10)
Applies to dairy, egg, fruit, vegetable, maple
and honey products marketed through import,
export and interprovincial trade
• The Food and Drugs Act (FDA) continues to apply to all food
sold in Canada, as do other CFIA statutes related to plant and
animal health.
What we Heard
Strong support for approach: Single food regulation, licensing, preventive
control plans and HACCP approach
Strong support for outcome-based regulations, provided:
– guidance documents are clear, easily accessible (ideally through searchable IM/IT
system) and up-to-date; and
– inspectors are well trained and interpretation is consistent
Strong support that imported food having to meet the same regulatory
requirements as domestic food
– significant resistance to Canadian address requirement (e.g. Many importers
operate based in US)
Disclosure of information - General support in the case of suspension,
cancellation, recalls
– concern that disclosure of inspection results and Corrective Action Requests
will provide an advantage for competitors and undermine confidence in the
system (consumers would not understand the nature of the non-compliance)
What we Heard
Strong support from Fresh Fruit and Vegetable sector for:
New food safety requirements; pleased that CanadaGAP will be a model
– Requirement for membership in the Dispute Resolution Corporation (to replace
License and Arbitration Regulations; was a Canada/US Regulatory Cooperation
Council priority);
– Outcome-based regulations that reflect CODEX seen as a potential basis for
harmonization; and
– Importance of federal/provincial/territorial regulatory harmonization.
– Particular interest in harmonization with respect to traceability.
Small and Medium Enterprises:
– Some may still be unaware of CFIA requirements and may benefit from
information on potential food safety hazards;
– Developing a targeted implementation strategy, possibly including a “food safety
basics” campaign; and
– Some associations advocated “no exemptions” for small businesses because
food risk/hazards are not dependent on size of operation.
Safe Food for Canadians Proposed Regulations
• Elements of new the regulatory approach
Safe Food for Canadians Regulations
Licensing and Licensing Elements
Food Safety Requirements and Elements
Preventative Control Plan (PCP)
Commodity Specific
Target for Canada Gazette I – December 2014 and Canada Gazette II – June 2015
Horizontal Food Safety Requirements
Licensing requirements
Everyone who imports, prepares, manufactures or packages food for inter-provincial
trade will require a licence (prescribed conditions for export licence)
Most licence holders will require a preventive control plan that demonstrates how
requirements are being met
Ability to suspend and cancel licenses
Food Safety and Preventive Controls
Move, where possible, from prescriptive commodity-specific rules to outcome-based
provisions that reflect CODEX standards, including HACCP and good manufacturing
 will provide flexibility to introduce new technologies and processes that could
enhance safety and/or reduce costs
Most licence holders will require a preventive control plan that demonstrates how
requirements are being met
Food Safety Elements
Requirements would be imposed on specified regulated
parties and would constitute baseline food safety
requirements to be met during the manufacturing,
preparing, storing, packaging and labelling of a food
commodity, including:
 Products and processes;
 Sanitation, pest control and sanitizers, and detergents and other
chemical agents;
 Hygiene and competencies;
 Equipment to be used in an establishment;
 Physical structure and maintenance of the establishment;
 Receiving, transportation and storage;
 Investigation and notification, complaints procedure and recall
Anyone who imports, exports or prepares food commodities for
interprovincial trade will be required to maintain traceability records
Requirements for maintaining records “One step forward, one step
backwards” (Codex standard), to every stage of food supply chain under
federal jurisdiction
Documents must be provided on request in a format which can be
imported and manipulated for recall purposes by standard commercial
software, or if in paper form, legible without external aids
It is not required that this information be kept in Canada but that it is
accessible and can be provided upon request through a desktop audit
The regulations establish a minimum requirement -- CFIA continues to
encourage individual businesses and sectors to enhance their traceability
and record-keeping systems beyond these minimum requirements.
Commodity Specific Provisions - Meat
The following outlines examples of some requirements intended to be
maintained in the proposed regulations:
Requirements for ante and post-mortem inspections
HACCP provisions and other requirements of the FSEP Manual, likely through
continued use of incorporation by reference
Humane handling and slaughter of food animals in establishments
Provisions related to water use and re-use to cover the possibility of using safe
water in lieu of potable water under specific circumstances, provided no impact
on food safety and suitability
Inedible meat products (e.g. pharmaceutical, for education, for research)
requirements related to identification and controls
Handling of Specified Risk Material SRM (denaturing/staining)
International Engagement- Meat Issues
International engagement targeting other competent authorities geared
specifically to meat is a priority.
Messaging will serve to reassure trading partners that commodity specific
provisions under development for meat will respect existing agreements and
mandatory HACCP applies.
Engagement will be undertaken through:
– Established/existing forums (e.g. RCC, QUADs, USDA-FSIS, Canada-
AQSIQ Food Safety Working Group);
– Canadian Posts Abroad;
– Educating visiting auditors and delegations.
Engagement with US counterparts is ongoing.
Guidance Documents & Model Systems
CFIA currently has over 250 food manuals (over 44,000 pages).
These will be replaced to align with new legislative authorities to:
Provide sufficient information for industry to understand their
Include models systems (non-binding guidance) to assist
industry to comply
Develop verification procedures/tasks that form an integral part
of the new CFIA Compliance Enforcement Strategy
Use a standardized format and “plain language”
Clearly link to regulatory provisions
Compliance Promotion
Compliance promotion is defined as any activity that increases awareness,
informs, motivates, or changes behavior, and encourages compliance with
a regulatory requirement
First step for regulated parties to achieve compliance is for them to
understand their obligations and how best to meet them
As the Agency moves towards an improved inspection model and updated
regulations for food, information and guidance will be key to success
There are also opportunities for industry, their associations and other
interested third parties (e.g. academia, non-government organizations) to
play significant role in assisting regulated parties to achieve compliance
Ultimate outcome is that the food safety system is strengthened through
better public health outcomes, the generation of efficiencies and the ability
to target enforcement efforts
Additional Regulatory Modernization Initiatives
Proposed Imported Food Sector Product Regulations (IFSPR)
Enhanced management of food safety issues and incidents
Greater awareness and oversight of the sector
Increased consumer trust in safety of Canadian food supply
First stage of the CFIA’s food regulatory modernization agenda
Food Labelling Modernization
Develop a modern and innovative food labelling system within the context
of CFIA’s priorities and vision and which aligns with the SFCA and that
– Provides a better understanding of roles and responsibilities and continuous
improvement as it relates to partnerships with other government departments
such as Health Canada and with consumers and industry
– Appropriately responds to consumer and industry needs around food labelling
within CFIA’s mandate
– Promotes smarter regulations and risk-based oversight by Government
– Improves service delivery such as in relation to inquiries and availability of
labelling information and tools
Outcomes Canada’s Modernization Agenda
A food safety system capable of continuous improvement
based on science, global trends and best practices and be:
 able to deliver better protection from food safety risks for Canadians;
 focused on science-based and risk-based prevention and control of
potential hazards as well as robust and responsive;
 transparent so consumers can play their role and so industry
understands obligations;
 internationally consistent and harmonized wherever possible;
 enabled with best available skills tools and technology to efficiently
provide regulatory services to industry; and,
 outcome-based whenever possible and assessed regularly to verify
that outcomes are achieved and that systems are functioning well.
Next Steps
Spring 2014
• Draft content of transformational SFCA food inspection regulations
made available
• Examples of guidance documents for industry
Late Fall 2014
• Pre-publication of the SFCA regulations in Canada Gazette, Part I
• Target for new Food Inspection Regulations to Come into Force
By email: [email protected]
By mail:
Strategic Partnerships Division
1400 Merivale Road, Tower 1
Floor 6, Suite 218
Ottawa, ON K1A 0Y9
Attn: Food Safety Regulatory Forum
By fax: 613-773-5606

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