MilkIT Project TZA_2014_03_blm - moremilkit

Report
MoreMilkiT Project Review and Planning &
Joint Steering Committee Meeting
17-19 March 2014, Tanga, Tanzania
Brigitte L. Maass
Outline
 Introduction
o India vs. Tanzania
o Implementation
 Progress along MilkIT project objectives
o Institutional strengthening
o Productivity enhancement
o Knowledge sharing
 Outlook
Introduction
 Title:
o Enhancing Dairy-based Livelihoods in India and the
United Republic of Tanzania through Feed Innovation
and Value Chain Development Approaches
 Purpose:
o To contribute to improved dairy-supported livelihoods in
India and Tanzania via intensification of smallholder
production focusing on feed enhancement using
innovation and value chain approaches.
o Links to IFAD grant policy: innovative technologies and
approaches, capacity strengthening, knowledge sharing.
Introduction – Project countries: “IT”
India
Tanzania
 Led by ILRI
 Led by CIAT
 State of Uttarakhand
 Closely linked to CRP
(non-CRP Livestock & Fish) –
Bageshwar & Sult
 Partners NGOs (INHERE,
CHIRAG)
 Will feed into new IFAD grant
project (ILSP)
Livestock & Fish
 Two regions – Morogoro &
Tanga
 Partners: research/ academia
(SUA, TALIRI)
 No link to IFAD grant policy
established as yet
Key differences in dairy Tanzania vs. India
India
Tanzania
 Buffaloes, few dairy cows –
 Cattle as assets & for social
almost treated as ‘family
members’
 Long tradition of self-help
groups (SHGs); cooperatives
common
 Dairy animals zero-grazed
prestige, few dairy cows
 Little communal organization;

 Hay commonly produced
 Processing traditional: paneer,


ghee, milk sweets, other
 Milk consumption is high

cooperatives evoke (negative)
memories
Dairy animals zero-grazed,
but most feed comes from
grazing or collection
No feed conservation tradition
Little milk processing
practiced, sour milk, ghee
Milk consumption is low
MilkIT India
MilkIT Tanzania
MilkIT implementation process
 Aiming to link to IFAD grant policy
o Work in Pemba or Manyara?
 Joining the CRP Livestock & Fish process (2012) driven
by MoreMilkiT , under the common goal ‘Maziwa Zaidi’
o Site selection
o Dairy value chain (DVC) assessment
o Baseline survey
o Choosing partners
 Working via innovation platforms (IP) towards
improving feeds and feeding (2013)
o Feed assessment with FEAST
o Setting up village IPs
o Participatory definition of interventions
Links to IFAD grant policy
Pemba Island and Manyara Region FEAST training
and DVC Assessment in Pemba (July 2012)
Focus group discussions at: Kisiwani
Chake Chake and Mkoani
Links to IFAD grant policy
Conclusions from DVC assessment in Pemba
o Milk production increased over recent past

But low local consumption of milk and milk products
o Promotion of consumption of milk and milk products is
needed to match increased production
o Improved marketing required, including also more
professional processing and packaging
 Because of its focus on using feed interventions to
increase milk production, the IFAD-funded MilkIT
project should not regard Pemba as a priority
intervention area under the current circumstances of
dairy development on the island
MilkIT action
sites
Tanga
Region
Morogoro
Region
MilkIT Partners in Tanzania
 CIAT (International
Center for Tropical
Agriculture) – Tropical
Forages Program
o Sokoine University of
Agriculture (SUA),
Morogoro
o Tanzania Livestock
Research Institute
(TALIRI) – Tanga Centre
 NGOs and development
partners coming in
o SNV
o Heifer Project
International
o HiMWA – working with
pastoralists
o TBD (Tanzania Dairy
Board)
o TAMPRODA (Tanzania
Milk Producers
Association)
The MilkIT team in Tanzania with MoreMilkiT
representatives and attached students
MilkIT Tanzania
Progress along MilkIT Project components
1. Institutional strengthening
2. Productivity enhancement
3. Knowledge sharing
MilkIT Tanzania
Component 1. Institutional strengthening
 Site selection criteria
o High cattle density
o Market channels: ruralrural & rural-urban
o Farming systems
o Milk production potential
o Accessibility & distance
o Potential partners/
stakeholders
 Sites
o In each region, 4 villages
selected from 2 districts
o Agreed village IP structure
 30 participants
 Producers (60%) &
 Other VC stakeholders (40%)
MilkIT Tanzania
Process used in establishing Innovation Platforms
• Regional Platform meetings
to implement agreed actions
• DVC & FEAST conducted at
village level
• FEAST & DVC feedback to
villages
• IP sensitization meetings
• IP member election
• IPs agree on their
functioning guidelines
• Implement action research
• Implement other
interventions
Tanga
Morogoro
• District CMT sensitization
Mvomero
1
2
Kilosa
3
4
Lushoto Handeni
5
6
7
8
District meetings in Tanga:
Issues and action points
Handeni District Meeting
Lushoto
Handeni
 Inadequate markets:
 Land availability:
o Milk pricing will be taken care of
o Land use plan is underway
by the Tanga Dairy Platform
o SNV conducts a survey to
underscore the governance of
primary cooperative societies and
processors
o Developed bylaws to prevent
 Extension & veterinary
services:
o Plan to recruit and distribute
extension staff in every village
o Plan to encourage more service
providers within the district up to
village level
invading pastoralists
 Insufficient pasture:
o Continuous sensitization of
pastoralists on options to enhance
productivity
 Inadequate access to inputs:
o 5 AI centres planned to be
established in various sites of
district
o Encourage more input agents to
operate in each ward
MilkIT Tanzania
Model of interaction of different platform levels: Tanga
Tanzania DDF
Action
research
Intervention
Regional Dairy Platform
District Council
Management Team
District
District
Action
research
Intervention
Village
IP
Village
IP
Village
IP
Village
IP
District meetings in Morogoro:
Issues and action points
Kilosa District Meeting
Mvomero
Kilosa
 Shortage of land:
 Shortage of land:
o Village land use plan in process
o Land use plan in process
o Provision of mini ranches
o Govt’ to recover undeveloped land
 Inadequate markets:
o Establishment of more collection
centers
o Establish more livestock markets
for better coverage of district
(incl. from absentee investors)
 Inadequate vet services:
o Plan to establish ward veterinary
centers
o Build and rehabilitate dip tanks
 Inadequate communication
among stakeholders:
o Engage Kilosa radio broad-casting
to reach stakeholders
MilkIT Tanzania
Model of interaction of different platform levels:
Morogoro
Tanzania DDF
Action
research
Intervention
Regional Dairy Platform
District Council
Management Team
District
District
Action
research
Intervention
Village
IP
Village
IP
Village
IP
Village
IP
MilkIT Tanzania
Key results from research on village IP
performance in Tanga
 Performance indicator ‘Access to
larger variety and better feeds’
o Significantly related to frequency
and quality of communication and
increased exposure to different
information sources of
interviewees, including training
particularly
Key informant interviews
MilkIT Tanzania
Component 2. Productivity enhancement
 Feed assessment
o Training on FEAST tool in
Morogoro & Tanga regions

26 participants were trained
o FEAST surveys in all 8 villages
 104 Farmers for individual interviews
 306 Farmers in FGDs
Focus Group Discussion
o FEAST reports compiled from 4
districts

Challenges identified and solutions
proposed are possible entry points and
mark the pillars for IP functioning
Individual interview
MilkIT Tanzania
Productivity enhancement
FEAST key results
 Seasonality of feed results in
seasonal milk production
 Grazing is main feed source in
extensive system; higher diversity
of feed stuffs in semi-intensive/
intensive system
 FEAST participants did not
perceive feeds or feeding as key
constraints
 Principle constraints identified
were land, water and markets for
livestock and milk; genetic
potential of cattle and livestock
diseases; lack of knowledge on
animal husbandry
Seasonal feed availability in Twatwatwa
village, Kilosa District, and Manyinga village,
Mvomero District, Morogoro Region
MilkIT Tanzania
Identification of intervention strategies
emerging from dairy value chain analysis
 Constraints from past feed  Identified technical
interventions
o Limited number of adopted feed
technologies
o High resource costs of
technologies in terms of labour
and accessibility
o Proper packaging and
dissemination of technologies is
needed
o Mostly limited to intensive
smallholder dairy production
interventions at MilkIT
sites
o Pasture establishment &
o
o
o
o
o
o
management
Demonstration plots
Pasture seed supply
Forage conservation
Training on feeds and feeding
Feeding routine
General cattle husbandry
Planting forages in Tanga
Planting forages in Morogoro
MilkIT Tanzania
Other interventions
 Training will take place on
o Forage husbandry and utilization
o Forage conservation
o Animal feeding and nutrition
 Organizational interventions initiated
o Rehabilitation of water source in Kibaya village
o Decision for milk bulking in Kibaya village
o Others may follow …
MilkIT Tanzania
Component 3. Knowledge sharing
 MilkIT integration with other
actors under Maziwa Zaidi
 Tanga dairy platform
o Participating in the regular meetings
every 3 months
 DDF – Tanzania Dairy
Tanga
Platform
Development Forum
 Tanzanian fairs & exhibitions
o Maziwa week exhibition
o Nanenane agricultural exhibition
 Joint steering committee with
MoreMilkiT
Maziwa week
MilkIT Tanzania
Knowledge sharing – contd.
 Sharing of common tools with MilkIT in India
 Shared MilkIT Wiki: http://milkit.wikispaces.com/
o Space to share process with partners and interested
‘outsiders’
o Online database for our reports
o Partners are encouraged to use
 Annual regional review and planning meetings
across MilkIT project – India & Tanzania
 Scientific presentations at conferences
o Planned articles for international journals
MilkIT Tanzania
Outlook for 2014 and beyond
 IP sustainability
o Action research implemented in villages
o Further interventions identified and initiated
o Attached students conducting research
o New R4D ideas to continue along IP model
 Regional platforms
o Set up in Morogoro
o Active participation in Tanga – towards district platforms
 Continuous development of DVC in collaboration
with other projects
o Scaling up IP model vs. hubs?
MilkIT Tanzania
Acknowledgement of funds coming from IFAD
http://www.CIAT.CGIAR.org/
Science to cultivate change
Membership of the innovation platform in Wami Sokoine
village, Mvomero district, Morogoro region
IP Member
Male
20
15
IP Secretary
Female
10
5
IP treasurer
IP Chairwoman
Input Supplier
Milk Producer Group
Skin Processor Group
Village Chairman
Village Executive officer
Land Committee
Livestock Extension Officer
Village Sacos
Livestock keepers
Value Chain actors
Network Partner
0
Stakeholders
Membership of the innovation platform in Wami Sokoine village, Mvomero district, Morogoro region
Drawing by Diep Pham
Innovation platform actors
Credit
(Village Sacos)
Producers
Village
Innovation
Platform
Livestock
extension
Extension
Land
Producer
group
Milk processor
group
Village
governance
Skin processor
group
Input suppliers

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