Transports de Barcelona

Report
CLEAN FLEETS
Innovation in BARCELONA CITY: TMB experience.
Barcelona, March 2014.
BARCELONA CLEAN CITY
TMB experience:
Francisco González Balmas
Bus business manager
[email protected]
Josep Mª Armengol
Engineering and new development manager
[email protected]
Israel Vallejo
Engineering Hybrid Systems and New Technologies
[email protected]
2
OVERVIEW
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•
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Who is TMB?
Why has TMB adapted to a clean fleet?
How has TMB adapted to a clean fleet?
New NETWORK in Barcelona
Installation of Particles Filters.
RETROFIT DIESEL Hybrid and CNG Hybrid.
Acquisition of new clean buses.
BARCELONA METROPOLITAN AREA (AMB)
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•
•
•
•
Barcelona Metropolitan
Area
TMB bus moves around
380.000 passenger/day
Number of Boroughs: 11
Surface area: 333.4 Km2
Population AMB: 2.819.867
Surface Barcelona Area: 100.4Km2.
Population Barcelona City: 1.611.822
TMB as a COMPANY
TMB
Staff : 7500 Employees.
476.000 Passengers/day METRO .
 383.455 Passengers/day BUS
TMB and NGO in Barcelona.
Helps the people who live in BCN
Delivers older vehicles.
METRO
7 LINES
Stations: 164
Distance: 423 Kms
BUS
Moves around 850 buses/day.
Buses run over 12hours/day
Transport about 380.000 pass/day.
Connects BCN and 11 boroughs





TMB Staff: 4000 employees
Nº of lines: 112
Total fleet: 1067 buses.
Fleet: Diesel, CNG, Hydrid and Electric
Total Garages: 4
Kms of line: 972 Kms
Kms/year: 46M
Passengers/year: 200M
Commercial Speed: 11.7Km/h – 7.89mph
Total bus Stops: 2.580
HUMAN RESOURCES AND ROLLING STOCK
CHARACTERISTICS OF FLEET: 2010/2014
BUS FLEET in
2010 (1080 units)
BUS FLEET in 2014
(1067 units)
By Fueling: Bus Fleet 2010 (1080 units)
By Fueling: Bus Fleet 2014 (1067 units)
Biodiesel, 12.22%
Hybrid; 10,97%
Electric; 0,09%
Diesel
GNC
Diesel
Biodiesel
GNC, 27.78%
CNG
Diesel, 60.00%
Hybrid
Electric
CNG; 36,36%
By Emission in 2010
EURO 2; 23,15%
By Emission in 2014
EEV; 27,78%
EURO 4; 20,06%
EURO 2
EURO 3
EURO 5; 0,46%
Diesel; 52,58%
EURO 4
EEV; 36,36%
EURO 4
EURO 5
EURO 5
EEV
EEV
EURO 4; 16,20%
EURO 3; 32,41%
EURO 5; 43,58%
7
CNG Buses fleet
CNG Strategy: 411 buses (38%) in 2012, going to 500 buses in 2050
To increase n º of vehicles
CNG up to 50 % of the
total of the fleet for 2050
450
400
The main goal is to obtain
with CNG Engines low
emissions and more power.
350
300
250
200
150
Articulated
Standard
Use a cheaper and less
polluting fuel.
By Emission in 2014
100
EURO 4; 20,06%
50
EURO 4
EEV; 36,36%
EURO 5
0
EEV
EURO 5; 43,58%
8
Study by Government of Catalonia 2007
Pollution Map over BCN
Pollution in Barcelona Area
BLACK CLOUD
over
Barcelona City
First Decision was: REDUCE EMISSIONS
TMB has 1067 buses running all day in BCN and…..
WHAT COULD TMB DO
TO REDUCE THIS POLLUTION?
New Network of bus Lines
Adapt their old fleet to low emissions:
Particle Filters and RETROFIT HYBRID
Acquisition New Clean Fleet
How has TMB adapted to getting a clean fleet?
Low Emissions
Achievements
Make a better network
of Bus lines.
More efficiency
and Sustainability
Actions taken
over the fleet
Actions taken
in the infrastructures
and employees
(Garages, facilities,
Train workers and drivers, etc..)
PROJECT 1:
INSTALL PARTICLES
FILTERS SCRT.
Low Emissions
PROJECT 2:
RETROFIT Hybrid Buses
DIESEL and CNG
Low Consumption
PROJECT 3:
Acquisition New Buses with
Latest Clean Technology
Low Consumption
NOVA XARXA: NEW NETWORK IN BARCELONA
High level of service: faster and more efficient.
11
PROJECT 1:
Install PARTICLES FILTERS SCRT
STEP 1: Estimated Calculations
STEP 2: PREVIOUS ANALYSES
Search for companies
who make filters:
HJS, PIRELLI and EMINOX
Graph Reduction by Brand
Reduce the particles emissions
and NOx
between 50% and 60%
110,00%
100,00%
90,00%
80,00%
TESTING their
TECHONOLOGY IN SPECIFIC LAB
under ESC and ETC CHECK
70,00%
60,00%
50,00%
40,00%
30,00%
20,00%
Analysis of Results
10,00%
0,00%
% Reduction ESC % Reduction ETC % Reduction ESC % Reduction ETC % Reduction ESC % Reduction ETC
HJS
HJS
PIRELLI
PIRELLI
EMINOX
EMINOX
CO (grm/Kw*h)
THC (grm/Kw*h)
NOx (grm/Kw*h)
PM (grm/Kw*h)
CHOOSE
THE BEST SOLUTION
Graph Comparative Filters Cycles ESC/ETC
grm/Kw*h
7,5
7
6,5
6
5,5
5
4,5
4
3,5
3
2,5
2
1,5
1
0,5
0
ESC EURO EST (EURO
III
III)
CO (grm/Kw*h)
ESC HJS
ETC HJS
THC (grm/Kw*h)
ESC
PIRELLI
ETC
PIRELLI
NOx (grm/Kw*h)
ESC
EMINOX
ETC
EMINOX
PM (grm/Kw*h)
Take a Decision
Search the companies
who makes filters:
HJS, PIRELLI and EMINOX
Reduction by Brand
110,00%
Reduce emissions the particles
and NOx
between 50% and 60%
100,00%
90,00%
80,00%
70,00%
TESTING their
TECHONOLOGY IN ESPECIFIC LAB
under ESC and ETC CHECK
60,00%
50,00%
40,00%
30,00%
20,00%
10,00%
Analysis of Results
0,00%
% Reduction ESC % Reduction ETC % Reduction ESC % Reduction ETC % Reduction ESC % Reduction ETC
HJS
HJS
PIRELLI
PIRELLI
EMINOX
EMINOX
CO (grm/Kw*h)
CHOOSE
THE BEST SOLUTION
THC (grm/Kw*h)
NOx (grm/Kw*h)
PM (grm/Kw*h)
Comparative Filters Cycles ESC/ETC
grm/Kw*h
7,5
7
6,5
6
5,5
5
4,5
4
3,5
3
2,5
2
1,5
1
0,5
0
ESC EURO
III
EST (EURO
III)
CO (grm/Kw*h)
ESC HJS
ETC HJS
THC (grm/Kw*h)
ESC
PIRELLI
ETC
PIRELLI
NOx (grm/Kw*h)
ESC
EMINOX
ETC
EMINOX
PM (grm/Kw*h)
HOW DO THE FILTERS DO IT?
Treatment exhaust gases in three stages:
* Stage 1: CRT Reduce NO and PM. Red and grey line.
* Stage 2: Adblue injection (NH3). Light blue line.
* Stage 3: SCR Reduce NOx and NO2. Green, red and blue line.
16
STEP 3: Install FILTERS SCRT
INSTALL 460
FILTERS SCRT
PIRELLI
97 filters
Add Additive to fuel
EMINOX
363 filters
UREA injection
UREA injection
INSTALL ON BOARD SYSTEM SCRT
18
STEP 4: ADMINISTRATIVE
PROCEDURE OF BIDDING
Economic Evaluation:
Technical and functional features:
Cost of the product.
Life cycle (LCC): Maintenance.
After-sales, quality, etc..
TEST in Specific Bench in IDIADA:
Measurement of the reduction of emissions.
Analysis of the results.
REDUCTION: 90% PM, 65% NOx and 60% HC
ADJUDICATION
BRANDS: PIRELLI and EMINOX
PROCESS OF INSTALLATION
PROCESS HOMOLOGATION
Certification of reform and of the Workshop,
Certification of Noise Test (70/157/CEE)
PROCESS HOMOLOGATION (UP DATE)
Data Sheet of bus (nº passengers on board, new emissions, etc…)
Official Review
STEP 5: END RESULT
PROJECT 2:
RETROFIT DIESEL and CNG
70 Diesel HYBRID BUSES
12 CNG HYBRID BUSES
EXISTING FLEET: RETROFIT PROJECT
BUSES TRANSFORM TO HYBRID
BRAND: IVECO DIESEL and CNG
Type: Standard 12m
Storage ENERGY: UCAP’s
Technology: SIEMENS
Electric motor: 134 kW
Generator: 180 kW
70 RETROFITS DIESEL
Model: IVECO CITY-CLASS
Body builder: NOGE
Engine: IVECO Cursor.
Fuel: Diesel
Power: 245 CV
Environment standard: Euro III.
COLLABORATION TMB
AND NATURAL GAS FENOSA
12 RETROFITS CNG
Model: IVECO CITY-CLASS GNC 491.12.27
Body builder: CASTROSUA
Engine: IVECO Cursor.
Fuel: CNG
Power: 270 CV
Environment standard: EEV
HYBRID
TRANSFORMATION
PROTOTYPE DIESEL and CNG
MEMBERS
Operator:
TMB
Hybrid technology: SIEMENS
Body builder:
NOGE
Engineering:
EDAG
CHARACTERISTICS
SERIAL System
Storage system: U-caps
MODE: Stop and go
2 electric motors
23
Search for the best point for running engine
Testing the Engine on a specific bench and search for the test point to
work.
This point is in the smaller balls.
Gets low consumption of fuel.
LAYOUT HYBRID TRANSFORMATION
ANALYSIS OF FEASIBILITY PROTOTYPE (LAB + BUS lines).
Recovery time:
- Fuel Savings: More than 20% (depending on the bus routes).
- In less than 10 years we will recuperate the investment.
25
Estimated Calculations and Recuperation time
Pay Back
Mill €
4,00 €
3,00 €
2,00 €
1,00 €
-2,00 €
-3,00 €
-4,00 €
-5,00 €
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
-1,00 €
2012
2011
0,00 €
Years
Estimated Calculations and Pay Back time
4,00 €
3,00 €
2,00 €
1,00 €
-2,00 €
-3,00 €
-4,00 €
-5,00 €
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
-1,00 €
2013
0,00 €
2012
Recuperation Time = 8 years
Pay Back
Mill €
2011
With:
Consumption initial ENGINE: 60Lit/100Kms
Save consumption: 20%
Distance: Kms/year: 45.000
Increase of fuel: 5%/year
Total Buses: 70
Public Funding: 50% of total cost
Less Emissions to atmosphere.
Years
Line-44 (Characteristic=flat) with IVECO Buses
Consumption Lit/100Kms L-44 before and after
RETROFIT,
one ayear
Consums
L 44 around.
80,00
60,00
50,00
Diesel S/67
40,00
Hibrid S/67
30,00
Reducció
20,00
10,00
Mes
31
3
11
3
11
9
7
5
3
0,00
1
Litres als 100
70,00
How consumption improved in IVECO buses before and after
RETROFIT on line L44
Consumption
evolution Lit/100
between
EURO3
Vs RETROFIT
overIIIL-44
Comsuption
Km
over buses
S67 EURO
line (flat
L44 line)
80
Hybrid process begins
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
20
09
01
20
09
04
20
09
07
20
09
10
20
10
01
20
10
04
20
10
07
20
10
10
20
11
01
20
11
04
20
11
07
20
11
10
20
12
01
20
12
04
20
12
07
20
12
10
20
13
01
0
HYBRID
TRANSFORMATION
We have finished 70 DIESEL
RETROFIT buses and 12 CNG
RETROFIT buses, that are running
for TMB bus routes.
30
PROJECT 3:
Acquisition New Clean Fleet
TODAY 2014
HYBRIDS
MANUFACTURING 2014
SIZE
BRAND
SIZE
BRAND
24m
VAN HOOL
3
ELECTRIC
12M
BYD (Full Electrical)
1
12m
CASTROSUA
3
HYBRIDS
12m
IVECO
5
12m
TATA DENNIS
12
12m
VOLVO
4
12m
MAN
16
12m
MAN
11
12m
VOLVO
1
12m
RETROFIT CNG
2
12m
IVECO
1
TOTAL
12m
RETROFIT DIESEL
70
12m
RETROFIT CNG
11
TOTAL
UNITS
117
UNITS
23
OVERVIEW HYBRIDS
DIESEL-HYBRID (serial configuration)
DIESEL-HYBRID (serial configuration)
Model: MAN NS CITY
Model: TATA-HISPANO Habit Enviro 350H
Engine: MAN
Engine: CUMMINS
Power Engine: 250 CV
Power Engine: 185 CV
HYBRID system: Siemens_ Elfa system.
HYBRID system: BAE system
Electric motor: 122 kW
Electric motor: 175 kW
Generator: 85 kW
Generator: 145 kW
Storage system: ULTRACAPS
Storage system: BATTERIES (12kWh)
32
DIESEL-HYBRID (serial configuration) PLUG IN
DIESEL-HYBRID (serial configuration)
Model: CASTROSUA TEMPUS
Model: VAN HOOL EXQUICITY
Engine: CUMMINS
Engine: MAN
Engine Power: 136 CV
Engine Power: 290 CV
HYBRID system: Siemens_ Elfa system.
HYBRID system: BAE.
Electric motor: 134 kW
Electric motor: 200 kW
Generator: 85 kW
Generator: 180 kW
Storage system: BATTERIES 90kWh (Zebra)
Storage system: BATTERIES 41,1kWh (ACTIA)
33
DIESEL-HYBRID (PARALEL configuration)
DIESEL-HYBRID (SERIAL configuration)
Model: VOLVO HYBRID
Model: IVECO-CITELIS HYBRID
Engine: VOLVO
Engine: IVECO
Engine Power: 218 CV
Engine Power: 161 CV
HYBRID system: VOLVO.
HYBRID system: BAE.
Electric motor: 120kW
Electric motor120 kW
Generator: I-SAM
Generator: BAE
Storage system: BATTERIES 4,8 kWh
Storage system: BATTERIES 11 kWh (BAE)
34
FULL ELECTRIC
ELECTRIC
Model: BYD
HYBRID system: BYD.
Electric motor: BYD 180 kW
Storage system: BATTERIES 324 kWh (BYD_ LiFePo)
35
Thank you for your attention.
36

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