folktales myths fairytales legends Genre Study

Where do these stories come from?
• Told by people all over world for
hundreds or even thousands of years
• Oral storytelling of traditional stories
• Unique to a culture, but also lots in
common with other cultures
• Written down by
– Printing Press invented in 1440
Fables: Elements
• A fictional story that often involves
magical creatures and places and
has a moral to the story it tells.
• Include elements of the natural
environment where the fable came
from, along with native animals,
forests, lakes, and other features of
the region
• Told as a good way of educating
children in proper behavior
Fables: Class Mentor Texts
• The Wind and the Sun (Aesop)
• The Boy Who Cried Wolf (Aesop)
• The Ant and the Grasshopper (Aesop)
• The Tortoise and the Hare (Aesop)
Fables: Examples
• Aesop’s Fables
Aesop (c. 620-564 BC) was a slave in ancient Greece who was
a storyteller. Some think that he, “by his cleverness acquires
freedom and becomes an adviser to kings and city-states.”
• “no writings by him survive…numerous tales credited to
him were gathered across the centuries and in many
languages in a storytelling tradition that continues to this
day” (Wikipedia)
The Hare and the Tortoise
The Ant and the Grasshopper
A Lion and A Mouse
The Shepherd’s Boy / The Boy Who Cried Wolf
The Dog and His Shadow
The Goose with the Golden Eggs
• Jataka Tales
India, 4th Century BC
Tell about the lives of the Buddha; shows a virtue
An ancient coin that is believed to show Aesop. (c, 540 BC)
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
• Title
• Author/Country/Year
• Summary (in own words)
• Moral/Lesson (in own words)
• Why have people kept
retelling this story?
Folktales: Elements
A folktale is a type of traditional story that tries to explain
or understand the world.
They are NOT considered to be true.
Orally passed down through the generations and
feature morals or lessons. Over many generations, the
story may change, but its core remains the same.
Usually take place long ago in a faraway place
Talking animals, royalty, peasants, or mythical creatures
Goodness is always rewarded. Heroes and heroines live
happily ever after while villains are suitably punished.
Usually have no identified author, but they mirror the
values and culture of the society from which they came.
Folktales: Examples
• T
Folktales: Class Mentor Text
• The Woman Who Flummoxed the Fairies
(Sorche Nic Leodhas)
• From Tiger to Anansi (Jamaica)
• Why the Sun and the Moon Live In the Sky
(Nigeria, West Africa)
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
• Title
• Author/Country
• Summary
• Moral/Lesson
Legends: Elements
• Stories that were once believed to be true, but
its content has turned out to be fictional.
• Exaggerated, but within an area of possibility
and are believable
• Contain a moral or meaning that is revealed
within the story. (This is why these stories have
been passed down over time.)
• Is focused on individual people and their
• Fictional heroes or real people whose deeds
have been exaggerated. They were either so
lifelike or so admirable that people wished
they were real!
Legends: Examples
• T
Legends: Class Mentor Text
• The Origin of Stories, Seneca legend
(Native American)
• How Glooskap Found the Summer,
Algonquin legend (Native American)
• The Woman Who Outshone the Sun
• The Boy Who Lived With the Seals (Native
• Peboan and Seegwun (Native American)
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
• Title
• Author/Country
• Summary
• Moral/Lesson
Fairy Tales: Elements
• Characters: fairies, goblins,
elves, trolls, dwarves, giants,
• Magic or enchantments
• Good wins over evil, the bad
are punished, and the good
Fairy Tales: Examples
• T
Fairy Tales: Class Mentor Text
Fairy Tales:
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
• Title
• Author/Country
• Summary
• Moral/Lesson

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