folktales myths fairytales legends Genre Study

Report
Fables,
Legends,
Fairy
Tales,
Folktales
Genre
Study
Where do these stories come from?
• Told by people all over world for
hundreds or even thousands of years
• Oral storytelling of traditional stories
• Unique to a culture, but also lots in
common with other cultures
• Written down by
researchers/storytellers/authors
– Printing Press invented in 1440
Fables: Elements
• A fictional story that often involves
magical creatures and places and
has a moral to the story it tells.
• Include elements of the natural
environment where the fable came
from, along with native animals,
forests, lakes, and other features of
the region
• Told as a good way of educating
children in proper behavior
Fables: Class Mentor Texts
• The Wind and the Sun (Aesop)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=
endscreen&v=WdHhDp2bOAQ
• The Boy Who Cried Wolf (Aesop)
http://www.speakaboos.com/story/the-boy-whocried-wolf
• The Ant and the Grasshopper (Aesop)
http://www.speakaboos.com/story/the-ant-andthe-grasshopper
• The Tortoise and the Hare (Aesop)
http://www.speakaboos.com/story/the-tortoiseand-the-hare
Fables: Examples
• Aesop’s Fables
–
Aesop (c. 620-564 BC) was a slave in ancient Greece who was
a storyteller. Some think that he, “by his cleverness acquires
freedom and becomes an adviser to kings and city-states.”
(Wikipedia)
• “no writings by him survive…numerous tales credited to
him were gathered across the centuries and in many
languages in a storytelling tradition that continues to this
day” (Wikipedia)
•
•
•
•
•
•
The Hare and the Tortoise
The Ant and the Grasshopper
A Lion and A Mouse
The Shepherd’s Boy / The Boy Who Cried Wolf
The Dog and His Shadow
The Goose with the Golden Eggs
• Jataka Tales
–
India, 4th Century BC
–
Tell about the lives of the Buddha; shows a virtue
An ancient coin that is believed to show Aesop. (c, 540 BC)
(Wikipedia)
Fables:
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
SHARE:
• Title
• Author/Country/Year
• Summary (in own words)
• Moral/Lesson (in own words)
• Why have people kept
retelling this story?
Folktales: Elements
•
A folktale is a type of traditional story that tries to explain
or understand the world.
•
They are NOT considered to be true.
•
Orally passed down through the generations and
feature morals or lessons. Over many generations, the
story may change, but its core remains the same.
•
Usually take place long ago in a faraway place
•
Talking animals, royalty, peasants, or mythical creatures
•
Goodness is always rewarded. Heroes and heroines live
happily ever after while villains are suitably punished.
•
Usually have no identified author, but they mirror the
values and culture of the society from which they came.
Folktales: Examples
• T
Folktales: Class Mentor Text
• The Woman Who Flummoxed the Fairies
(Sorche Nic Leodhas)
• From Tiger to Anansi (Jamaica)
• Why the Sun and the Moon Live In the Sky
(Nigeria, West Africa)
Fables:
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
• Title
• Author/Country
• Summary
• Moral/Lesson
Legends: Elements
• Stories that were once believed to be true, but
its content has turned out to be fictional.
• Exaggerated, but within an area of possibility
and are believable
• Contain a moral or meaning that is revealed
within the story. (This is why these stories have
been passed down over time.)
• Is focused on individual people and their
accomplishments
• Fictional heroes or real people whose deeds
have been exaggerated. They were either so
lifelike or so admirable that people wished
they were real!
Legends: Examples
• T
Legends: Class Mentor Text
• The Origin of Stories, Seneca legend
(Native American)
• How Glooskap Found the Summer,
Algonquin legend (Native American)
• The Woman Who Outshone the Sun
(Mexico)
• The Boy Who Lived With the Seals (Native
American)
• Peboan and Seegwun (Native American)
Legends:
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
• Title
• Author/Country
• Summary
• Moral/Lesson
Fairy Tales: Elements
• Characters: fairies, goblins,
elves, trolls, dwarves, giants,
gnomes
• Magic or enchantments
• Good wins over evil, the bad
are punished, and the good
prosper.
Fairy Tales: Examples
• T
Fairy Tales: Class Mentor Text
Fairy Tales:
Quick Reads with Your Book Club
• Title
• Author/Country
• Summary
• Moral/Lesson

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