The School Counselor as Leader Whitney Talbert Lamar University CNDV 5330: CNI August, 7, 2013 “The process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group in efforts toward goal achievement in a given situation.” ~Leadership (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) Activity • Assess your current qualities as a school counselor. ▫ Divide a piece of paper into two columns. One column should be labeled “Current Qualities” and the other labeled “Aspiring Qualities.” ▫ Write down a variety of qualities under each column and compare. Qualities of an Effective Leader • • • • • • • • • Creativity Imagination Flexibility Courage Passion Training Vision Strength Commitment • • • • • • • • • Adaptability Social Awareness Assertiveness Cooperation Responsibility Diplomacy Originality Honesty Fairness (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) Roles of a Leader • Build relationships with students, staff, parents, and community members • Develop and communicate the comprehensive school counseling program • Promote and provide developmental curriculum to be used in the classroom • Develop and write a vision and mission statement for the school counseling program (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) 5 Types of Power • Reward Power • Coercive Power • Legitimate Power • Expert Power • Referent Power (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) REWARD POWER Power to provide benefits perceived as valuable to the follower (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) COERCIVE POWER Power to impose punishments or remove benefits as perceived by the follower (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) LEGITIMATE POWER Power that is used when the follower perceives that the leader has the right to make the request and the follower has the obligation to comply (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) EXPERT POWER Power that occurs when the follower believes the leader has the expertise, knowledge, or training that will result in desired outcomes (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) REFERENT POWER Power that is used when the follower’s admiration, liking, desire for approval, or identification with the leader prompts compliance (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) Bolman & Deal’s Leadership Frames • Structural Leadership ▫ Building of viable organizations • Human Resource Leadership ▫ Empowerment and inspiration of followers • Political Leadership ▫ Distribution of power • Symbolic Leadership ▫ Interpretation and reinterpretation of meaning within our society (Dollarhide & Saginak, 2012) References Dollarhide, C. T. & Saginak, K. A. (2012). Comprehensive school counseling programs: K-12 delivery systems in action. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.