The Rise of modern Japan - Our Lady of Lourdes High School

Report
THE RISE OF MODERN JAPAN
Chapter 22-3
Our Lady of Lourdes High School
December 2014
Mr. Lockwood
Where In The World Is Japan?
Background
The last Shogun
 In 1800 Tokugawa shogunate had ruled Japan
for 200 years
 Kept isolation
 Deal only with Korea, China and the Dutch
 Western nations want to end isolation
End of Isolationism
Odaiba battery at the entrance of Tokyo, built
in 1853–54 to prevent an American intrusion
 1853- Commodore Matthew Perry (US)
arrives in Tokyo Bay
 Wants relations with Japan
 Returns with large fleet, forces Japan’s hand
 Treaty of Kanagawa
 Opens ports, starts relationship
Japanese
Wooden
Cannon used for
resistance
Failed
Resistance
 Japanese samurais can’t compete w/ Western military
technology
 Sat-Cho alliance pushes shogun to end relations w/ West
 Shogun does not take strong stand
 Shogunate system collapses
 Meiji Restoration begins
Meiji Restoration
 Young emperor Mutsuhito calls his reign Meiji




or “Enlightened Rule”
Sat-Cho leaders control the emperor
Move capital to Tokyo
Sends experts to the West to
learn
Modernize and Westernize
Japan
 Painting of the emperor being moved to
Tokyo
Political Change
 Modern political system
 Executive branch holds most power
 Prime Minister, emperor is a figurehead
 Legislative body created
 Still the Sat-Cho influence decisions
Economic Change
 Redistribute land to the peasants
 Taxed based on the value of the land you own
 Promote industry using tax $$$$
 Improve transportation and communication
to compete w/ West
Military
and
Educational
Development
 Need modern military to compete and avoid
being exploited
 All men serve 3 years
 Adapt American style education system
Social
Changes
 Women now able to seek jobs, get education
 Agricultural to industrial based
 Experience similar problems to GB after IR
 Western culture infused into Japan
Imperial Japan
 Copy the West
 Need resources and land to expand
 Start with Chinese territory and opening
Korea
RussoJapanese War
(1904-5)





Japanese surprise attack on Russian port
Japanese Navy defeats Russian fleet
Russians forced to agree to peace in 1905
Japanese gain islands
Japan now officially a world power!!

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