Identifying Multiple Perspectives on Slavery

Report
APUSH
IDENTIFYING MULTIPLE
PERSPECTIVES ON SLAVERY
Person
3 Details of Person’s View
on Slavery
Actions Person Took to
Support Viewpoint
James K. Paulding
 Three Beliefs…
 Believed slavery should be in the South to preserve the
Union
 Believed that African Americans enjoyed a much better
lifestyle than did workers in England and Africa
 Believed that African Americans were inferior to whites
James K. Paulding
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
 Wrote a book Slavery in the United States
George Fitzhugh
 Three Beliefs…
 Believed the Northern and British working classes would
have been better off under a system of slavery than in the
“free society”
 Believed conditions for workers in the North were worse
than conditions for slaves
 Believed slaves were inferior
George Fitzhugh
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
 Wrote the following pamphlets Slavery Justified and The
Failure of Free Society
 Wrote a book Sociology for the South
Hinton Helper
 Three Beliefs…
 Criticized slavery not because it was bad for African
Americans but because it hurt whites
 Believed that if African Americans stayed in the United
States, they should have no rights and should be completely
segregated from whites
 Believed that whites who were not wealthy enough to buy
slaves, could not succeed financially
Hinton Helper
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
 Wrote a book The Impending Crisis of the South: How to
Meet It
 Wrote a letter Death to Slavery! Down with the Slaveholders!
Away with the Negroes!
John C. Calhoun
 Three Beliefs…
 Believed the states, NOT Congress, had the right to
determine whether slavery should be allowed in a particular
state
 Believed slavery is a domestic institution
 Believed slavery is a “positive good” – it is impossible for
whites and African Americans to exist together in the same
community
John C. Calhoun
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
 Attempted to rally all Southern congressmen to go against
any anti-slavery laws
 When he died in 1850, his last words were said to be,
“The South! The poor South!
The Grimke Sisters
 Three Beliefs…
 Believed slavery was morally wrong
 Believed whatever is right for a man to do is morally right
for a woman to do
 Believed that southern women needed to stop slavery
The Grimke Sisters
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
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Moved to the North
Became active in the abolitionist movement
Wrote pamphlets in 1836
Freed slaves that their mother had given them
Became traveling lecturers of the American Anti-Slavery
Society
Abraham Lincoln
 Three Beliefs…
 Strong belief in personal freedom
 Against allowing slavery to expand into new western
territories
 Believed in preserving the Union
Abraham Lincoln
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
 Wanted to preserve the Union so he promised not to
interfere with slavery in the South
Harriet Tubman
 Three Beliefs…
 She was against slavery
 She escaped from slavery using the Underground Railroad
 Wanted to help other slaves to freedom by becoming a
conductor of the Underground Railroad
Harriet Tubman
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
 Became a conductor of the Underground Railroad and
helped over 300 slaves to freedom
William Lloyd Garrison
 Three Beliefs…
 Demanded an immediate, no-compromise end to slavery
 Believed everyone who tolerated slavery was to blame
 Believed the Northern states should secede from the Union
William Lloyd Garrison
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
 Published the newspaper The Liberator
 Helped to lead a successful movement to abolish slavery
 Helped found the American Anti-Slavery Society
Frederick Douglass
 Three Beliefs…
 Opposed slavery
 Believed slavery is wicked
 Urged President Lincoln to allow former slaves to fight for
the North
Frederick Douglass
 Actions taken to support his viewpoint…
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Leading abolitionist
Lectured on the evils of slavery
Gave his lecture fees to aid runaway slaves
Wrote his autobiography, which described slavery from a
slave’s point of view
 Published his own anti-slavery newspaper, the North Star

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