Ralph W Tyler

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Born April 22, 1902 in Chicago, IL
A.B. from Doane College (Crete, NB) in 1921
 A.M. from University of Nebraska in 1923
Ph.D. from University of Chicago in 1927
Associate Professor of Education at University of North
Carolina 1927-1929
Professor of Education at Ohio State University
Chairman of the Department of Education at the
University of Chicago 1938-1948
Dean of Social Sciences 1948-1953
First Director Center for Advanced Study in the
Behavioral Sciences 1953-1966
Served on many educational, governmental, and
research agencies throughout his life
Died February 18, 1994 at the age of 91
Experimental project conducted in early 1930’s
High schools redesigned curriculum based on
student needs and abilities.
Compared schools with new student centered
curriculum with that of schools using just college
prep curriculum.
Students from schools with new curriculum did just as
well at college and better in employment opportunities in
Earliest example of meeting the needs of diverse
Curriculum writing now starts by identifying objectives
then planning how to teach and meet those objectives
Wrote Basic Principles of Curriculum and
Instruction in 1949
This book highly influenced instructional
design process
This introduced his Ends-Means Model for
curriculum design
Establish objectives
Develop and write
curriculum and activities
Design Process
1. What is the purpose of instruction? (Objectives)
2. What activities or experiences should be provided to meet
those objectives?
3. How can the instruction be organized effectively?
4. How can instruction be evaluated or assessed?
All decisions about the ends of instruction, or
objectives, should be made before designing the means,
or curriculum, that accomplish them
Instructional activities and materials are designed to
facilitate learning and used to achieve objectives
Directly relates instruction with outcomes
Involved in education for 72 years
Influenced the careers of Benjamin Bloom, Hilda Taba,
Edgar Freidenburg, and many others
Help in beginnings of the National Academy of
Education, Association for Supervision and Curriculum
Development, and the National Assessment of
Educational Progress
Consulted five presidents of the United States on
educational issues
Hershbach, D. (1992). Technology and Efficiency: Competencies as Content.
Journal of Technology Education, 3, 1-5. Retrieved from
Meek, A. (1993). On Setting the Highest Standards: A Conversation with Ralph
Tyler. Educational Leadership, 50, 83-86. Retrieved from
Ralph W. Tyler Biography. Encyclopedia of World Biography. BookRags.com:
Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Book Summaries and
More. Thomson
Gale.(2005-2006). Web. 28 May 2010. Retrieved from
Shultz, C. & Kim, S. (2008). Authentic Problem-based Collaborative Learning
Practices for Professional Development in Teacher Education.
Connexions. Retrieved from http://cnx.org/content/m17560/latest

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