6-30-2013

Report
CMB temperature (°K)
15
10
5
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
12 13.8
billions of years after creation
S. Muller et al, A&A 551 (2013), id. A109
NASA
Unique Time to Observe
If we’re created earlier, creation
light lacks time to reach us.
If we’re created later, dark energy
expands the universe at greater
than light’s velocity.
NASA
Why so old?
Only at 13.8 billion years after the
cosmic creation event can humans
observe all of cosmic history and
directly witness the cosmic
creation event.
NASA/Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA
1990
1992
2003
December 2012
March 2013
Temporal Tests
-17
10
<4 x
(lab)
-20
<4 x 10 (future lab)
-16
<1 x 10 (quasar)
Spatial Test
<1 x
-1
10
(Planck)
Fine Structure Constant
coupling constant characterizing
the strength of electromagnetic
interaction
2
e cµo/2h,
=
where e is the electron
charge, µo the magnetic constant
or the permeability of free space, h
is Planck’s constant.
Confirmed Temporal Tests
fine structure constant
electron-to-proton mass
gravitational constant
8x
-13
10
per year
Dark Energy
NASA//WMAP
Dark Energy
Fine-tuning exceeds best
human design success
(gravity wave telescopes) by
97
10 times.
NASA//WMAP
Dark Energy Quotes
“Arranging the cosmos as we
think it is arranged,” say the
team, “would have required a
miracle.”
- Dyson, Kleban, & Susskind
quoted by Phillip Ball, NatureNews 8/13/02
NASA//WMAP
Dark Energy Quotes
“An unknown agent [external to
space and time] intervened in
the evolution [of the cosmos] for
reasons of its own.”
- Dyson, Kleban, & Susskind
quoted by Phillip Ball, NatureNews 8/13/02
NASA//WMAP
Dark Energy Quotes
“Perhaps the only reasonable
conclusion is that we do not live
in a world with a true
cosmological constant.”
- Dyson, Kleban, & Susskind
Journal of High Energy Physics 10 (2002): 011
NASA//WMAP

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