The Wonder of 3D Printing First Industrial Revolution Kaizen The first industrial revolution “began in Britain in the late 18th century, with the mechanisation of the textile industry. Source: http://www.kish.in/the_industrial_revolution/ Second Industrial Revolution The “second industrial revolution came in the early 20th century, when Henry Ford mastered the moving assembly line and ushered in the age of mass production.” The third revolution “is under way” and that consists of manufacturing “going digital.” Source: (http://silodrome.com/ford-model-t-assembly-line/ ) “Any Customer can have a car painted any colour that he wants so long as it is black” Henry Ford’s Remark on the Model T, 1909 Any customer can have a car painted any colour that he wants so long as it is black.Remark about the Model T in 1909, published in his autobiography My Life and Work (1922) Chapter IV, p. 71; this has often become presented in paraphrased forms such as: "You can have any color as long as it's black." Next Industrial Revolution The third revolution “is under way” and that consists of manufacturing “going digital.” What is 3-D printing? Manufacturing Additive Subtractive Subtractive Manufacturing •Subtractive Manufacturing – Milling – Turning – Drilling – Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Machine What is 3D Printing? • is a form of Additive Manufacturing – Process of joining materials to make an object from 3D model Data; layer-by-layer process What is 3D Printing? • Digital Fabrication - it takes a model └a digital design └turn into real, physical Object How 3D Printing Can Change the World? How 3D Printing Can Change the world? • • • • • • • • • Medical procedures Advances in research Product prototyping Historic Preservation Architectural Engineering Construction Advanced Manufacturing Food Industries Automotive Accessories Advanced Manufacturing • Airbus would like to make a 3D printer that is large enough to make planes from the ground up – a hangar-size printer as large as 80m x 80m. • Made In Space is a US company experimenting with zerogravity 3D printing. The process could potentially allow astronauts to print objects as required in space, saving valuable weight at launch. • NASA has been looking at 3D printing for some time now, and considering the technology for long missions where astronauts could create their own equipment during the trip. Medical Procedures • Custom hearing aids and braces. • Body parts, including ears, hips and even organs, in exact proportions to fit the patient. • In February 2012, surgeons successfully implanted an entire titanium jaw, made with 3D printing, in an elderly woman. • Customized Prosthetic Hands - ROBOHAND Accessories Source : www.shapeways.com 3D Printer •Easy to Use •Economical to Own ones. •Can be Operate in a Office, lab, Homes, etc. •Equipping students with skills for the future •Affordably Price •takes digital input from 3D data and creates solid, 3D parts •used extensively by designers, engineers and hobbyists for • concept development and product design •objects such as fittings, crafts, jewellery and many others. Supply vs. Demand Makerbot Industries •Cupcake •Early 2009 •Thing-O-Matic •Late 2010 Replicator Replicator 2 How the Makerbot Printer works Visit to the MakerBot Store in NYC www.thingiverse.com How to Use the 3D Printer? • Create a CAD Model. • Prepare important features. •Save the model into a STL (STereo Lithography) file. •Open in Makerware. •Prepare print (slice) •Send to Printer.