By: Andrés Pellicer Pablo Olcina TENSES Direct Speech Indirect Speech PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE FUTURE SIMPLE (WILL) WOULD PRESENT CONTIONUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT SIMPLE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS MODALS Direct Speech Indirect speech CAN COULD MAY MIGHT MUST*/ HAVE TO WILL *MUST doesn’t change when: • it’s negative Ex: You musn’t tell her our secret He said that I musn’t tell her our secret • when it expresses a deduction Ex: He must still be asleep She said that he must still be asleep HAD TO WOULD TIME EXPRESSIONS Indirect Speech Direct Speech NOW THEN TODAY THAT DAY TONIGHT THAT NIGHT YESTERDAY THE DAY BEFORE/ THE PREVIOUS DAY LAST WEEK THE WEEK BEFORE/THE PREVIOUS WEEK A MONTH AGO THE MONTH BEFORE/THE PREVIOUS MONTH TOMORROW THE FOLLOWING/NEXT DAY/ THE DAY AFTER NEXT WEEK THE FOLLOWING WEEK/ THE WEEK AFTER HERE THERE THIS/THESE THAT/ THOSE REPORTED SPEECH : BASIC STRUCTURE SUBJECT ( NOUN, PRONOUN….) TOLD (+ SOMEONE) SAID * THAT + REPORTED STATEMENT EXEMPLE: 1- “We know which foods are causing problems behaviour” the doctor said The doctor said/ told us (that) they knew wich foods were causing problems behaviour EXERCISE 1- “I ’m not feeling very well” said Paco Paco told me that he wasn’t feeling very well 2- “I lost my wallet last night ” said Pepe Pepe said he had lost his wallet the night before 3- “ I’ll book your ticket for 7,30” the recepcionist said The recepcionist said that he would book her ticket for 7,30 There are verbs which give more information about what had happened like claim, answer, agree, apologise, complain, declare, deny, explain, suggest, recommend … 1- “I ’m not feeling very well” said Paco Paco explained that he wasn’t feeling very well 2- “I lost my wallet last night” said Pepe Pepe complained that he had lost his wallet the night before 3- “ I’ll book your ticket for 7,30” the recepcionist said The recepcionist informed that he would book her ticket for 7,30 Reporting orders: Structure To Subject + told/order (somebody) + infinitive Not to Exemple: “Don’t smoke” Benito said Benito told/ order me not to smoke Benito demanded me not to smoke Some verbs are used in reported speech to express our intention. These verbs are: shout, demand, warn, and beg Reported orders: For orders which are formulated in a polite way, we use ask instead of order or tell. To Subject + asked(somebody) + infinitive Not to Exemple: “Coul you stop smoking, please?” Benito said Benito asked me to stop smoking Reported questions •If it’s a question whose answer is Yes/No Subject + asked(somebody) + if/whether + the statement 1- “Can you play the piano?” Juanito said Juanito asked if I could paly the piano •If it’s a question formulated with WHwhy what Subject + asked(somebody) where + the statement when how who 2- “ What is your name?” Jaimito said 3- “Why did you go to the cinema alone?” Juanjo said Jaimito asked what her name was Juanjo said why you had gone to the cinema alone Exercise: Report what each person said. Complete the sentences with the words below. Reminded ■ warned ■ suggested ■ asked ■ denied I didn’t read your diary, Ellen. You really shouldn’t swim alone in the sea. Let’s go out tonight, Sally. He denied that he had read Ellen’s diary He warned me not to swim alone in the sea Sally suggested going out that night / that they go out that night Don’t forget to call me tonight, Tina. She reminded Tina not to forget to call her that night Did you understand the joke, Cathy? He asked Cathy if / whether she had understood the joke 1. “I can’t live on my basic salary”, said Peter, “I’ll have to offer to do overtime” Peter said he couldn’t live on his basic salary and (he added) he’d have to offer to do overtime 2. “Are you going to see him at the airport?”, I asked her “Yes”, she said I asked her if she was going to see him at the airport and she answered that she was. 3. “ Shall I send it round to your hotel, sir?” The shopassistant asked the tourist The shopassistant asked if he should send it round to his hotel. 4. “Shall we meet at the theatre?” he said. He suggested meeting at the theatre/he suggested that they should meet at the theatre. 5. I warn you: “Do not ever touch this!”. He advised/warned me not to touch that 6. “How disgusting!”, Angela said, “What an awful thing!” Angela said that it was a disgusting,and awful thing 1- He said that they would keep on fighting until the end 2- He told us to give him freedom 3- He ordered us to raise our hands 4- He predicted that that night was going to be a good night 5- He suggested imagining all the people living life in pecace 6- He demmanded to listen what he said 7- She said that she had a feeling inside and that intuition had always been a women's guide.