CALIFORNIA FOOD TRANSPORTATION CA grows over 400 different crops! California’s Top 10 Ag Products: CDFA 2012 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Milk Grapes Almonds Nursery Plants Cattle, Calves Strawberries Lettuce 8. 9. 10. Walnuts Hay Tomatoes California Almonds: Photo courtesy of USDA NRCS How do farm products get to consumers? Agricultural products are the largest user of freight transportation services in the country. In California, they are shipped by truck, railroad, airplane, or barge. Trucks Most common mode of shipping Ag Products in CA Used to deliver raw products from field to first processing stop – such as a creamery or sawmill. Provide fast delivery and controlled temperatures for perishable food like milk, eggs, and lettuce. Total maximum weight for truck and load may not exceed 80,000 pounds. How many tons is this? Weigh stations are monitored by highway patrol officers who may check weight of truck, driver logbooks with hours, mileage, routes and load contents. Railroads Used to transport agricultural products such as lumber, canned fruits, and vegetables that are not as perishable as some products that need to reach their destination quickly. Airplane High value items that need to travel long distances and have short shelf lives may be shipped by airplane. Examples are berries, cut flowers, and specialty fruits. Barge Used to ship large quantities of items that have longer shelf lives. Bulk dried beans, rice, wheat, and corn or tree nuts such as almonds and pistachios may be shipped by barge.