The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twenty

Report
The Eighties, the Nineties,
and the Twenty-first Century
1980-2013
Chelsea Bell
Southern Methodist University
MSA 3325
Spring 2013
Historical Background
the 1980s
• 1980 Ronald Reagan elected
president
• 1981 Lady Diana Spencer
marries Prince Charles
• 1984 researchers identify the
HIV virus and its connection
to AIDS; AIDS became the
leading cause of death in NYC
among men ages 25 to 44
• 1988 George H.W. Bush elected
president
• 1989 the Berlin wall falls
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Historical Background
the 1990s
• 1990 East and West Germany reunited
• 1990 Iraq invades Kuwait
• 1991 The Persian Gulf War; Operation
Desert Storm
• 1991 government of the Soviet Union
collapses
• 1992 Bill Clinton elected president;
reelected in 1996
• 1993 World Trade Center bombed by
terrorists killing 5 and injuring more
than a thousand
• 1995 Oklahoma City federal building
bombed, killing 168 The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Historical Background
the 21st Century
• 2000 George W. Bush elected
president; reelected in 2004
• 2001 terrorist attacks on the World
Trade Center; war in Afghanistan
• 2002 the euro becomes the currency
for most of the European Union
• 2003 Invasion of Iraq; capture of
Saddam Hussein
• 2007 subprime mortgage crisis; the
dollar weakens
• 2008 Barack Obama elected president;
reelected in 2012
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Influences on Fashion
The Goths
The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twentyfirst Century
Influences on Fashion
The Preppies
The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twentyfirst Century
Influences on Fashion
Grunge
The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twentyfirst Century
Influences on Fashion
Hip-Hop
The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twentyfirst Century
Influences on Fashion
Emo
The Eighties, the Nineties, and the Twentyfirst Century
The 1980s
Power Dressing
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Influential Designers
Italy
Giorgio Armani
Miuccia Prada
Gianfranco Ferré
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Dolce & Gabbana
Gianni Versace
Donatella Versace
Influential Designers
France
Azzedine
Alaïa
Jean-Paul
Gaultier
Nicolas
Ghesquière
Christian
Lacroix
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Thierry
Mugler
Sonia
Rykiel
Karl
Lagerfeld
Influential Designers
England
Hussein
Chalayan
John Galliano
Stella
McCartney
Alexander
McQueen
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Zandra Rhodes
Vivienne
Westwood
Influential Designers
Belgium/Germany
Martin Margiela
Jil Sander
Dries Van Noten
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Ann
Demeulmeester
Walter van
Bierendonck
Influential Designers
Japan
Rei Kawakubo
Issey Miyake
Kenzo
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Hanae Mori
Yohji Yamamoto
Influential Designers
United States
Tom Ford
Marc Jacobs
Zac Posen
Donna Karan
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Isaac Mizrahi
Michael Kors
Fashion Conglomerates
LVMH
Moët Hennessy

Louis Vuitton S.A.
Fashion
Watches and Jewelry
Specialist Retailing
Christian Dior
Fendi
Donna Karan
Emilio Pucci
Givenchy
Kenzo
Berluti
Moynat
Louis Vuitton
Marc Jacobs
Loewe
Céline
Edun
Thomas Pink
TAG Geuer
Zenith
Hublot
Chaumet
Bulgari
Sephora
DFS
Le Bon Marché
Perfmes and Cosmetics
Acqua di Parma
Benefit Cosmetics
Parfums Christian Dior
Guerlain
Make Up for Ever
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Wine and Spirits
Moët et Chandon
Krug
Veuve Clicquot
Mercier
Château d’Yquen
Hennessy
Glenmarangie
Belvedere
Ardbeg
Domaine Chandon California
Ruinart
Fashion Conglomerates
Kering
(formerly PPR)
Gucci Group
Gucci
Alexander McQueen
Stella McCartney
Yves Saint Laurent
Bottega Veneta
Balenciaga
Sergio Rossi
Boucheron
Puma
Puma
Treton
Chanel S A
Prada Group
Chanel
Eres
seven ateliers who specialize
in haute couture techniques:
Prada
Miu Miu
Church’s
The Original Car Shoe
A.Michel et Cie
(hats)
Richemont
Les Broderies Lesage
(embroidery)
Lemarie
(feathers & flowers)
Desrue
(luxury buttons)
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Cartier
Van Cleef & Arpels
Lancel
Montblanc
Chloé
Shanghai Tang
Azzedine Alaia
Net A Porter
Fashion Conglomerates
Limited
Brands
Victoria’s Secret
Bath & Body Works
PINK
La Senza
Henri Bendel
Diesel
Victor & Rolf
Maison Martin Margiela
DSquared2
Liz Claiborne
Juicy Couture
Kate Spade
Lucky Brand Jeans
Mexx
DKNY Jeans
Kensie
Gap INC
Gap
Banana Republic
Piperlime
Old Navy
The Eighties, the Nineties, and
the Twenty-first Century
Puig Group
Carolina Herrera
Nina Ricci
Paco Rabanne
Aeffe Group
Alberta Ferretti
Moschino
Moschino Cheap and Chic
Pollini

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