SQLNSharePoint_Frienemies_Sep2013

Report
SQL Server and SharePoint
Best Frienemies
Lisa Gardner
Premier Field Engineer
[email protected]
http://blogs.msdn.com/sqlgardner
@sqlgardner
Who am I ? What is PFE?
Lisa Gardner aka SQLGardner
Central Ohio native
Working with SQL since 6.5
http://blogs.msdn.com/sqlgardner
@SQLGardner
Premier Field Engineering
Reactive and Proactive support for Premier customers
Architecture/Project Guidance
Team Mentoring
Deliver workshops
Troubleshooting
2
Table of Contents
SharePoint Databases
Configuration, Setup, and
Maintenance
What to Look Out For
SharePoint Overview
Understanding the Application.
SharePoint Glossary
WFE
Web Application
Service Application
Site Collection
ULS Logs
Timer Jobs
5
SharePoint Web Architecture
Farm
Web
Application
Site
Collection
Site
List
Item
6
Key Attributes
Web Application
Site Collection
Site
• Different IIS Site
• Created on
each WFE
• Isolates Content
• Provides
authentication
mechanism
• Container of
Sites
• Quotas
• Decentralized
Content
Administration
• Also serves as a
site
• Permission
Inheritance
• Can Share
layout and data
with other sites
• Can provide
unique feature
set from other
sites
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Service Applications
Provides granular pieces of functionality
Some can be tied to a specific server
Offers scalability, load balancing, fault tolerance for most
services
Many to many relationship with web applications and
service applications
Each web application can have a unique set of service
applications
8
Timer Jobs
SharePoint equivalent to SQL Agent
OWSTimer - Windows service for SharePoint 2010 at a
predefined schedule
Uses same logging infrastructure as web tier
Includes Correlation IDs
Jobs can be nested
9
SharePoint Internal Data
10
Logging Database
Stores all SharePoint usage and health data
ULS trace log data
Event log data
Blocking SQL Queries
Crawl and Query Statistics
Feature Usage
Page Requests
+More
11
Logging Database
12
ULS Logs
13
Correlation IDs
Generated for every request
Logged from the start of a request through to the end
Useful for troubleshooting and tracing
On error pages, ULS logs, Windows Logs, SQL Traces
7d25d051-ca73-43 …
~~~~~~~~~~
~~~
~~~~~~~~~~
~~~
7d25d051-ca73-43……
7d25d051-ca73-43
7d25d051-ca73-43 …
Application
Server
Web Front-End
Server
14
SharePoint Databases
So Many Databases, So Little Time
Configuration and Admin Content Databases
Farm Configuration Store
Objects Table – Serialized Objects
Binaries Table – Farm Solution Store
SiteMap Table – Links a site into the configuration
Content Database for Central Admin is a Content DB with
very specific templates - considered to be an extension of the
configuration database
Backup and Recovery
It is Supported to back up this database
It is Not Supported to restore unless the farm is fully stopped when the
backup is taken
16
Configuration and Admin Content Databases
General Recommendations
Default recovery model is Full but in most cases this database should be
run in simple recovery mode
Initial Data File Size: 2GB is appropriate for most situations
Config databases are typically smaller and do not get much load
Mirroring
Supported to mirror within the farm (partner on same network as
primary)
Not Supported to mirror asynchronously or to log ship over WAN
17
Content Database
Stores all site data in a site collection
Site Metadata
Web Part Pages
Files uploaded to document libraries
List Items
Security
Solutions
It is supported to Mirror in Farm for High Availability
It is supported to Mirror Asynchronously or Log Ship
over WAN for disaster recovery
General Recommendations
Run in Full recovery mode only if the site data requires point in
time restores
18
Content Database Schema
Why SharePoint seems so crazy.
Container Tables
Sites
Id
Quota
Other Metadata
Webs
SiteId
Id
Url
Title
ScopeId
Metadata
AllLists
WebId
Id
Title
ItemCount
ScopeId
Fields
Metadata
Namespace Table
Url
Other
Metadata
1…64
1...32
1..8
1..16
1..12
19
1..8
1…16
~35
Userdata table
Content Database Layout
Can contain 1-2000 site collections
Scale out at the db level and the instance level.
Sizing Guidance <200GB
– Maintenance tasks stay manageable
– Makes db movement and DR easier
– Plan for 2 IOPs per GB data
Can have 200GB-4TB if .25 IOPs per GB
Size and load depends on the sites they contain
Separate very active sites into different site
collections/content dbs
Can have 32,767 dbs per instance, but recommend
200 per instance as manageability can be an issue
300 DBs per Web Application
20
Service Application DBs
Search
• Admin
• Crawl
• Property
Logging
Reporting
Services
Profile
Web Analytics
• Profile
• Syncronization
• Social Tagging
• Reporting
• Staging
BDC
State
Secure Store
Power Pivot
Project
Server
Performance
Point
21
Service Application Databases
Performance Considerations
The different service application dbs have a wide variety
of performance/sizing considerations.
Write-Intensive dbs
Usage and Health Data Collection database
(Logging)
Web Analytics Reporting database (during load)
Search service application Crawl database (during
crawls)
Search service application Property database
User Profile service application Synchronization
database
22
Service Application Databases
Performance Considerations Cont’d
Read Intensive DB’s
Web Analytics Reporting database
Search service application Crawl database
User Profile service application Profile database
User Profile service application Synchronization
database
User Profile service application Social Tagging
database
Reporting database (Project Server)
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Database Scale Out Guidance
Search
Content
Content
Content
Content
Content
Content
Logging
Web
Analytics
Other
Admin/
Content
24
Configuration, Setup, and Maintenance
Planning for SharePoint Setup
Allow the SharePoint installer to create databases
Modify file sizes and growth settings
Rename dbs to remove GUIDs
SharePoint setup and admin accounts required roles:
DB Creator
Security Admin
Can be removed for the setup account but will need to be
added again for any further installs – not recommended
Patching/Service packs
Adding a new Service Application
Add Service Application account logins
Requires db_owner role in DB
26
Instance Configuration
Follow general Best Practices for SQL Configuration
Use Latin1_General_CI_AS_KS_WS collation
Configure for heavy TempDB usage
Multiple data files
Data and log files separated/isolated
Pre-size data files
Set max degree of parallelism to 1
SharePoint overrides with MAXDOP
Set max server memory and use Lock Pages In Mem
Consider setting fill factor (%) to 80
27
Database Configuration
Do not use Auto Shrink
Set Auto Create Statistics OFF
Set Page Verify to Checksum
Set Auto Grow sizes to MB not Percent
Pre-size for growth
Monitor utilization and grow manually!
28
Index Maintenance
Index Maintenance is extremely important in SharePoint
DMV Sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats can be used to
report index fragmentation
SharePoint 2007 by default would rebuild every index via
a Timer Job
SharePoint 2010 does a much better job at keeping
index fragmentation in check
It only rebuilds indexes that are fragmented
Updates statistics
29
Health Analyzer Rules
Index defragmentation and statistics maintenance
address the following databases:
Configuration databases
Content databases
User Profile: Profile databases
User Profile: Social databases
Web Analytics Reporting databases
Web Analytics Staging databases
Word Automation Services databases
Search Property/Crawl databases
These databases contain proc_DefragmentIndices
Run daily
30
Health Analyzer Rules Cont’d
Search
Property database
– Proc_MSS_DefragSearchIndexes
– Run weekly
Crawl database
– Proc_MSS_DefragGathererIndexes
– Manual
– Always report as fragmented
– Execute this rule after the first full crawl
31
Statistics
Health Analyzer rules rebuild indexes and update
statistics
AutoUpdate – off in SP 2010 by default
Update manually when:
Query execution times are slow
After maintenance operations such as table truncation
or a large batch insert/update/delete
32
Why is Index/Stats Maintenance So Important?
GUIDs are used as clustered primary keys
Random values = unpredictable insert pattern
16 bytes each
Heavy insert/update activity
These properties lead to rapid index fragmentation due
to many page splits
Fillfactor helps delay the inevitable but increases space
usage
SharePoint rebuilds indexes with fillfactor of 80
33
What to Look Out For
Common issues
New Content Databases
Use DBA created content databases!
SharePoint hard codes small file size and growth settings
Automation Options:
Powershell is a great option to allow SP
Administrators to create dbs!
Have a number of empty DBs already created
Must Do’s
Use Latin1_General_CI_AS_KS_WS collation
Set appropriate recovery model for your recovery
needs
Add SP farm setup account and service account with
db_owner role
35
Ensure Index Maintenance is Running
Health Analyzer Rule Definition
Databases used by SharePoint have fragmented indices
Databases used by SharePoint have outdated index
statistics
Health Analysis Job in Logging DB
Details in ULS logs
37
Excessive Blocking
Common scenario: “The SQL Server is slow”
Ask for ULS Log info
Blocking/Deadlocks can be common in content DBs
Try a manual update stats
Inquire about large lists, dbs over threshold, and other
capacity limitations being exceeded
Ask about list throttling and “happy hour”
Read Committed Snapshot Isolation is not supported
38
Others
ASYNC_NETWORK_IO_WAITS
Disk IO
TempDB Bottleneck
Very Large Queries
Logging is the ONLY DB to be queried directly
39
SP2013 Changes
Shredded storage to minimize storage needs with
versioning
Sparse Columns to support wide lists
Web Analytics redesigned – more robust/scalable
Profile Sync – tests of a 3 week import for 300k users
now only takes 7 hours
Stretch farms no longer supported – all databases must
now reside in the same data center
40
Helpful Links
Know the Limits!
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc262787.aspx
More info on SharePoint DBs
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc678868.aspx
http://www.microsoft.com/enus/download/details.aspx?id=3408
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Questions?

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