Working with Industry - short version 2014

Working with Industry: from initial
contact to successful collaborations
OSP Awareness
March 6, 2014
Office of Corporate Relations
Office of Sponsored Programs
Office of Technology Transfer and Industrial Development
Strategic Business Development & Innovation
Levels of
Advisory board
Career fairs
Research grants
In-kind gifts
Traditional Engagement
Executive relationship
SU initiative sponsorship
Student support
Research support
Hardware grants
Collaborative research
Curriculum support
Outreach programs
Support for educational
Major research and
major gifts
Joint approaches to
funding sources
Business development
Guest speaking &
In the beginning…….
Establishing NDA Agreements
• What is an NDA?
– NDA (Non-Disclosure Agreement) and CDA
(Confidential Disclosure Agreement) are two
names for a legal document which restricts
disclosure of information covered by the
• One sided or Mutual?
– Mutual is preferred, which allows for sharing of
information in both directions.
Establishing NDA Agreements
• When should an NDA be established?
– As early in the conversation as possible, and
certainly before any details of the faculty’s work
be shared, as there could be IP concerns.
• Who has authority to negotiate and execute
– OSP is the primary office for negotiating and
executing NDA’s; Office of Technology Transfer
can also issue NDA’s.
Understanding of ‘The Work’
• OSP must have an understanding of the
Statement of Work proposed to industry
• Use of OSP’s Statement of Work guideline will
ensure that the critical points are covered at
the proposal stage
Statement of Work
• Include:
– Name of PI
– Period of Performance
– Additional Staffing if needed
– What will the project accomplish - objectives
– Where will the work be conducted
– Measurable activities and tasks
– Estimated milestones
– Special resources required
– Meetings and reporting requirements
Located at OSP’s website:
Our Agreement templates or theirs?
• Given the opportunity, it’s preferable to start the
negotiations with University templates
• Many Industry agreements read like procurement
contracts and often contain language not applicable to
or appropriate for educational institutions (require
significant mark-ups)
• OSP employs agreement templates that have been
vetted to include standard higher education terms, and
have also proved useful as a starting point for industry
• OSP offers the flexibility to negotiate with our own
templates, or using industry template, as is sometimes
What are the big issues in Research
Publication rights
Confidentiality (if not handled by NDA)
Intellectual Property
Data rights
Representations & Warranties
Payment Terms
Publication Rights
• Freedom to publish is critical element in research
agreement, as it furthers university mission to create
and disseminate knowledge and also helps satisfy tax
exempt status requirements
• Freedom to publish is essential for faculty to advance
their careers, particularly for untenured faculty
• Publication rights also protect student works, so that
dissertations are not unreasonably delayed
• For Research projects, industry ‘review and comment’
in a reasonable timeframe is fine prior to university
publication, but ‘review and approve’ is too restrictive
• The biggest challenge is that industry, in general, seeks
to limit disclosure of information to gain competitive
edge in the marketplace
Intellectual Property: What is IP?
• Types of IP:
• Inventions – patentable: can be device or methods
• Works of authorship – copyrightable
• Know-how – non-patentable
• Trade secrets – applicable to Industry, but not University
• Inventorship determined by patent law
• Ownership determined by answering: “Who is the Inventor
legally obligated to assign/transfer ownership of their
invention to”?
• Inventorship and/or ownership can be sole or joint
Licensing Intellectual Property
Definition: owner granting permission to another
to use owner’s property
• Types of licenses:
• Exclusive or non-exclusive
• Revocable or irrevocable
• Worldwide or not
• Limited to fields of use
• With or without right to sublicense
Intellectual Property – Frequently discussed
Who will own the IP that may result from the research?
– The company’s interest is often that they must own resulting IP,
but not always. It’ll depend on how often they’ve worked with
universities in the past
How might this view conflict with university interests?
– Research sponsorship does not buy IP resulting from research:
• Consulting/work-for-hire model not appropriate for research
• Issue is that a for profit company cannot acquire assets from
a tax exempt entity for free, or below fair market value
• Cannot place a market value on IP that hasn’t yet been
Intellectual Property – Frequently discussed
University Interests:
• University should own IP it creates
• University should be paid fair market value for it’s IP
– License terms can only be negotiated after IP is created, if
– University can grant company 1st option to negotiate
exclusive license with university
– University can grant a non-exclusive, royalty-free, nontransferrable license to company
Note: Research agreements that are ‘silent’ on IP; inventors
& ownership will be determined by Law
Data Rights
• As data is foundational to future faculty/ student
publications and follow-up research projects, data that is
created by the University should be owned by the
University, whenever possible
• Industry may attempt to assert their ownership of
project data
• Less desirable, but possible compromise is to provide
industry ownership of project reports (i.e. – deliverables)
that are delivered by University in the performance of
the agreement (but not the underlying data sets). In this
case, University would want to retain a license to use
project reports for internal research and educational
• University should include a disclaimer of warranties
regarding its IP:
– Disclaimer of merchantability, fitness, and non-infringement
– Key point: There are no guarantees with research!
• Industry initiated agreements will often contain
warranty information, similar to that which you’d see
when purchasing a product (not applicable to research)
• Solution: University can perform the project in
accordance with the Statement of Work, or other
reasonable standards, but cannot guarantee/ warrant
the results
• Definition: To restore the victim of a loss, in
whole or in part, by payment, repair or
• Guiding Principle: A tool for allocation of risk
between the contracting parties
• Reasonable approach is that each party agrees
to indemnify the other for its own negligent or
willful acts during the course of the project
Payment Terms
• University and Industry typically agree on fixed price
model agreement (i.e. – payments based on milestones
or calendar date schedules).
• University budget is developed using cost basis, so is
reasonable and grounded in reality
• Typical payment schedule is:
– 30% payment up front, upon agreement execution
– 60% due at interim point (could be progress report or other
– 10% due at project end (could be with delivery of final
• Cost reimbursable model sometimes utilized, but not as
common. Involves more risk for University.
Keys to smooth negotiations with
• Coordinated approach with other SU offices: Office of
Technology Transfer and Corporate Relations.
• It always helps when a Sponsor has worked with other
universities before, but we can be educators too!
• If at all possible, start with University agreement
templates (shorter agreements = less ground to cover)
• Both parties enter the negotiation with knowledge/
appreciation of what the other party brings to the table
(familiarity with the Statement of Work & the Agreement
• Each party has necessary resources and processes to form
the relationship
Keys to smooth negotiations with Industry,
• Use the phone! Sometimes context is lost in print, and
misunderstandings can often be quickly clarified on a
phone call. Teleconferencing is still a relevant and
essential tool, even in the twitter age!
• University must have an active communication/ feedback
loop with the faculty PI throughout the negotiation. This
cannot be emphasized enough.
• OSP should be the communication point of contact for
contract negotiations, as this alleviates multiple (and
often parallel) communications that can add confusion.
OSP is the authorized office to negotiate and execute
research agreements on behalf of SU
• Exercise patience. Each negotiation is unique!
• Lehigh University, Legal Updates: Research
Contracts Workshop, 4/18/11,
• University-Industry Demonstration
Partnership (UIDP), Guiding Principles for
University-Industry Endeavors
• Director
– Stuart Taub, x9356, [email protected]
• Your Research Administrator
– Mary Ellen Gilbert– Arch, Eng, UC, VP Res
X1121, [email protected]
– Amy Graves – A&S, COHE
x9360, [email protected]
– Meghan MacBlane – BBI, IST, Newhouse, Whitman
X8252, [email protected]
– Caroline McMullin – Ed, Law, Maxwell, VPA, Library
x9358; [email protected]

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