| U.S. Xpress | CSA BASICS How to Avoid CSA Violations USX DRIVER SAFET Y T RAINING | CSA BASICS | HOW TO AVOID CSA VIOLAT IONS | U.S. Xpress | You requires… are directly FMCSA Theaffected CSA program is the intended to assess carrier and drivers’ on-road by •The Functional and safe performance identify the ones is who demonstrate behaviors objectiveand of the CSAequipment. program to make the nation’s roads safer. At U.S. Xpress, we take safety seriously. thatCSA lead to program. crash involvement. • Skilled and qualified drivers. • Safely secured and transported loads. CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! Recent Crash and Injury Statistics | U.S. Xpress | 8,763 Crashes every month 52,581 Crashes involving large trucks 529 Deaths of large truck drivers and passengers 29,876 88 Injuries related to Deaths per day large truck crashes resulting drivers from You’ve probably What also seen aboutmotorists the big picture? and commercial As a professional driver you’ve probably witnessed yourmotor fair share vehicleof accidents. Areact crashes in ways a serious that could problem causeinan the accident. U.S.? Yes. crashes Sources: FMCSA and NHTSA | U.S. Xpress | The primary objectives in providing this training are to… 1. Help you understand what actions the CSA program require you to take or not take. 2. Help you understand how you can avoid violating those regulations. CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | BASIC is an acronym that stands for Carriers The FMCSA can Those monitor groups 7 categories their CSA fleet violations areand called driver’s into BASICs. 7 performance. categories. Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Category. CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | The Seven CSA BASICS #1 #2 #3 Unsafe Driving Hours of Service Compliance Driver Fitness #4 Controlled Substance/ Alcohol #5 #6 Vehicle Hazardous Materials Compliance Maintenance #7 Crash Indicator CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | Speeding Violations • Slow down! It is never acceptable to drive in excess of the posted speed limit. Unsafe driving addresses • Plan your trips so that you do not have tothe speed to arrive on operation of time, a and notify you FM of any unexpected delays. commercial motor vehicle in a dangerous, Failure to obey traffic control devices. or careless manner. • Many of these violation come from failing to stop at a weigh station. Better trip planning and attention to detail can prevent this type of #1 violation. • Watch for traffic control devices, such as lane restrictions, and decreased speed zones. Unsafe Driving Failure to use safety belt. • Wearing your seat belt is not only a violation of the law but U.S. Xpress Policy. Failing to wear your seatbelt places you in unnecessary danger, and is never acceptable or permissible. CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | General Form & The Hours of Service Basic • Ensure you Failing to maintain • Better tripaplanning Manner addresses the operation of help a you avoid understand the HOS can current record of duty Rules –by If not contact Identify CMV drivers who areviolations. ill, is the mostlocations, the Safety Dept.status for in nonstopping fatigued, or assistance.commonUse priorinfo toinbutton reaching violation thisto log the trip compliance with hours of max drive hours. your pre-trip, trailer and basic. service regulations. tractor information. HOS Rules #2 Hours of Service Compliance Trip Planning Update you HOS record at each change duty Ensure youof miles are totaled on E-logs. If not manually status enter the total. Ensure you have and present the Law Enforcement card during inspections. CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | Suspended Disqualified or NO CDL No Medical Card • Always ensure you have your CDL on your person before you start driving. • Promptly resolve any issues that may impact the status of your CDL, such as citations. The Driver Fitness basic addresses the operation of CMVs by drivers • Ensure you have a valid in your possession whomedical are unfitcard to operate a CMV before you start driving. due to lack of training, experience, or medical qualifications. #3 • A medical card is usually good for one or two years. Ensure Driver that you are aware of the expiration date, and do not allow it Expired Fitness to expire. Medical Card CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | Possession/Use/Under influence Possessing or using illegalthe narcotics, or misuse of over-the-counter of alcohol! medications. Controlled Substance/Alcohol Basic addresses the operation of commercial vehicles by drivers Possession/Use of Illegalany narcotics is against the law and NEVER consume alcoholic beverage who are impaired due to alcohol, Controlled U.S. Xpress Policy. Don’t end your career with an illegal before dispatch. illegal drugs, and misuse of narcotics violation! Substance/ prescription or over-the-counter Alcohol medications. #4 Never misuse over-the-counter or beverages prescription medications. Possession of alcoholic on any ALWAYS ensure that you clear any medications you are U.S. Xpress truck strictly prohibited. taking with the safetyisdepartment before use. CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | Headlights Lighting/Lamp Related Violations This basic covers a failure to properly maintain a Marker Lights your pre-trip CMV, andDuring prevent inspection ensure you shifting loads. Turn signals check that the brake Pay specialhose attention Check isn’t laying or the tread to the condition chaffingofon thedepth axle.of your tires: Brake Lights your tires; gouges, Steer tires – 4/32 inflation, holes, cuts, and Drive or Trailer tears, etc. not tires 2/32 Brake hose/tubing Proper pre-trip inspections prevent equipment #4 violations! Tail Lights secured against mechanical Tire Related Violation aredamage. the #1 Violation in this basic. Vehicle Maintenance ABS light CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | Placarding violation : Hazmat shipping paperwork • Ensure correct placard is used. violations are another Our most common violation in this basic is • Ensure that you properly failure to properly secure the freight. common type of violation in The Hazmat basic addresses the unsafe placard the vehicle before Remember when hauling hazardous handling of hazardous materials on a this basic pulling the load, and removed materials you MUST ensure that the load is commercial motor vehicle. after the trip. secured against movement by proper use of • Ensure placards are properly blocking and bracing. displayed, on all 4-sides of the trailer. #6 Hazardous Materials CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Be patient run under crashes canXpress be | prevented with patience and Maintain a speed appropriate for conditions. The Crash basic evaluates histories or patterns knowledge. Rollover accidents generallyof occur to driving highdue crash involvement, including frequency Use caution and patience when TOO FAST for the conditions present. It is based and severity. on information from pullingPreventability out, pulling off,or and backing State-reported crashes. fault SLOW DOWN! across a roadway. You is not a factor in this basic. CAN Check flat Prevent Lean to Move to Look down mirror, the right the right, and to the Signal your convex and look continue right as intent! this type of accident mirror, or to the direct you enter Properly adjust #7 right. look. the lane. mirrors andcamera. keep (with a few precautions) them free from Crash Do Not Follow Too Closely! • Maintain 6-8 Seconds following distance. NEVER make a U-Turn across a roadway unless designated by or at the direction of law enforcement assistance. • Increase following distance during inclement weather or when running with a light load/bobtailed. Use the correct lane change technique EVERY time. dirt and Indicator debris. CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | Did you know? Because • Only law and There are twohow ways Do youenforcement know violations and CSA officials see your to improve your safety your safety actual CSA scores. crash data stay performance: performance is on your report foris • Driver safety performance reported and who 1. Avoid accumulating several reported in your years, PSP report. hasnew access to it? violations. don’t expect your • This report lists all violation safety record to types received during an 2. Avoid crashes. inspection for thequickly. past 3 improve years and all accidents for the past 5 years. CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! | U.S. Xpress | CSA MATTERS CSA MATTERS • CSA scores remain on your driving record for 3 years. CSA MATTERS! • Violations or crash data can negatively impact your ability to gain and maintain employment. • CSA violations CAN BE AVOIDED! CSA MATTERS CSA MATTERS! CSA MAT TERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS! CSA MATTERS!