Mappa Awareness Training

Report
Donna Monk
MAPPA Co-ordinator
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Understand the purpose and function of MAPPA
Understand the language and terminology of
MAPPA
Explore the framework for identification,
information sharing, risk assessment and risk
management.
Understand the methods and process for recording
risk
Examine factors impacting on the disclosure of
information
Identify any local issues which may impact on
effectiveness
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Multi
Agency
Public
Protection
Arrangements
These arrangements are STATUTORY
Purpose:
To help to reduce the re-offending behaviour of
sexual and violent offenders in order to protect the
public, including previous victims, from serious
harm.
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Ensuring that all relevant agencies work
together effectively to:
 Identify all relevant offenders
 Complete comprehensive risk assessments
that take advantage of co-ordinated
information sharing across the agencies
 Devise, implement and review robust Risk
Management Plans
 Focus the available resources in a way which
best protects the public from serious harm
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A separate agency or body itself
BUT it is …
a MECHANISM through which agencies can
both:
• Discharge their statutory duties
and
• Protect the public in a co-ordinated
manner.
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The Responsible Authority:
Police, Prison and Probation
and
Duty to Co-operate Agencies
Housing, Health, Social Services (Children and
Adults), Youth Offending Teams, Employment
Services, Electronic Monitoring Services, UKBA.
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Criminal Justice and Court Services Act
(2000)
 Criminal Justice Act (2003)
 Sexual Offences Act (2003)
 Criminal Justice and Immigration Act (2008)
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MAPPA Guidance is issued by the Secretary of State
under Section 325(8) Criminal Justice Act (2003).
Current Version 3.0 issued 2009.
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Made up of:
The Responsible Authority:
Police
Probation
and Prison Services
Duty to Co-Operate Agencies
Housing, Health, Social Services (Children and
Adults), Youth Offending Teams, Employment
Services, Electronic Monitoring Services.
Lay Advisers x 2
Victim Liaison
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All MAPPA offenders are identified
promptly
Information Sharing is actively undertaken
on all offenders
All offenders are Risk Assessed
All offenders have a Risk Management
plan
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Category One:
Registered Sexual Offenders
They must notify the police of their name,
address and personal details (Sexual Offences
Act 2003).
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Category Two:
Violent Offenders (and other Sexual Offenders)
Those who have been sentenced to 12 months
or more in custody or to detention in hospital
with restrictions, now living in the Community
subject to Probation Supervision.
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Category Three:
Other Dangerous Offenders
Those who have committed an offence in the
past which indicated capacity to cause serious
harm to the public and who because of the
assessed risk need multi-agency management
at level 2 or 3.
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Level 1: Ordinary Agency Management
Used in cases in which the risks posed by the
offender can be managed by the agency
responsible for supervision/case management
of the offender.
This does not mean that other agencies will
not be involved, only that it is not necessary
to actively manage through multi-agency
meetings.
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Level 2: Multi-Agency Public Protection
Meeting
Used in cases where it is determined that the
management issues require active
conferencing.
Cases may also be referred to level 2 after
having been managed at level 3 when, for
example, the need for the resources available
at level 3 has diminished or where the
complexity of the multi-agency management
of the risks have been brokered and a Risk
Management Plan has been firmly established.
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Level 3:Multi-Agency Public Protection
Meeting
Used where it is determined that the
management issues require:
 Active conferencing AND
Senior Representation in order to be able to
commit significant resources at short notice
AND/OR
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Where there are significant media issues
and/or public interest in the case
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Agencies who have a statutory role in the
management of MAPPA eligible offenders must
have systems to identify them.
These agencies are:
• Police
• Probation Service
• Youth Offending Teams (YOTs)
• Mental Health
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Have lawful authority
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Data Protection Act (1998),
Human Rights Act (1998),
Common Law,
Statutory Duties of Confidence
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Be necessary
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Be proportionate
Ensure the safety and security of the information
shared
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MAPPA Guidance (2009) Version 3.0, Section 5
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Risk Assessment undertaken
Referral
MAPP meeting
Input from other agencies
Victim(s) perspective
Disclosure decision
Decision of level of management
Will Multi-Agency Management give
“added value”?
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Robust risk management begins with planning
Need to consider how risks are to be managed
Risk Factors: Static and Dynamic
Controls: Internal and External
Risk of Serious Harm
Triggers
Protective Factors
Risk of Harm Guidance & Training Resources Version 2.06)
(
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• Appropriate levels of knowledge and skill
• Appropriate use of information
• Risk assessment grounded in the evidence
• Communication with relevant others
• Risk Management Plan linked to risks and risk
level
• Risk Management Plan delivered with integrity
• All reasonable steps have been taken
• Information collected and thoroughly evaluated
• Clear recording
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Lawful authority: The need to consider third
party disclosure in all MAPPA cases detailed
in MAPPA Guidance (2009) Version 3.0.
The need to consider disclosure in cases
concerning child sexual offenders is now
clearly laid down in the Criminal Justice &
Immigration Act 2008 section 140 (Implemented
July 2008)
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Necessity: Information should only be
disclosed where it is necessary for the
purpose of properly assessing and
managing the risks posed by MAPPA
offenders
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Proportionality: It must be shown that the
assessment and management of the risk/s
presented by the offender could not
effectively be achieved other than by
disclosing the information in question
Safety & Security: All information about
offenders must be managed safely and
securely and should only be available to
those who have a legitimate interest in
knowing it
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May be needed to protect the public
Disclosure must have lawful authority
Disclosure must be necessary
Disclosure must be proportionate to risk and
done in ways, which
Ensure safety and security of the information
disclosed, and
Be accountable
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Careful consideration and discussion with
Education Services
No decision to disclose unless a Senior
Representative of YOT and Children’s Services
present
LSCB should be informed disclosure has been
made
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Common Law – Prevention - detection of crime
Data Protection Act 1998– Must be accurate,
specific purpose e.g. prevention and detection of
crime
Human Rights Act 1998 – Right to Life, Right to
Privacy
CJA 2003 Section 325(4) – co-operation between
RA and DTC agencies – prima facie legal power to
exchange information
Crime and Disorder Act 1998 Section 115
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Understand your purpose and role
 Prepare well
 Have all necessary paperwork
 Be prepared to justify your position
 Understand other Agency’s perspectives
 Remember the purpose of MAPPA
 Consider the Victim’s perspective
 Join things up
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