Battles of the American Revolution

Lexington and Concord
Date- April 19th, 1775
People- Lieutenant Colonel Smith, John
Hancock, Samuel Adams, Paul Revere
Description- It was the first battle of the
war. Lieutenant Colonel Smith of Britain
was sent to capture John Hancock and
Samuel Adams, and take rebel military
supplies stored in Concord. A small
minuteman force was assembled but they
couldn’t stop Smith's troops. The British
troops moved onto Concord where a
force of about 400 colonists forced the
British to retreat to Boston.
Outcome- The British retreated to Boston
and tensions exploded between the
Colonists and British.
Significance- It was the first battle that
started the Revolutionary War.
“The shot heard ‘round the world.”
May 10, 1775
The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga
- Fort Ticonderoga, New York
- Col. Benedict Arnold , Col. Ethan Allen and the Green
Mountain Boys
- Arnold, Allen and his Green
Mountain Boys ambushed
the Fort at dawn by surprise.
- The British commander of
the Fort gave it up in surrender.
- The Fort was being used as
storage for ammunition and
weapons, and also had a
strategic position of control over
the waterways to Canada.
“Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes.” –Colonel William Prescott
•On June 16, 1775, American troops
headed towards Bunker Hill under the
command of Artemas Ward.
•Once the Americans think they have
reached Bunker Hill, they realized that
they were actually at Breeds Hill.
•The British realized that they were
threatening them.
•American’s guns and cannons were
pointed down on the British.
•Great Britain rushed across Charles
River and storming up the hill
•By the 3rd wave sent, Great Britain has
taken over Breeds Hill
•It was a great stand by the Americans
Battle of Bunker Hill
"Revolution was effected before the war
commenced. – John Adams-
Battle of Quebec 1775!
Date: December 31st,1775
People: Guy Carrolton ,
Benedict Arnold and Richard
Montgomery, George Washington
Washington decided to join the
colonies in the rebellion in the 1770’s.
Arnold was to lead 1,100 soldiers from
Massachusetts to Maine, then up the
Kennebec and Dead Rivers into Canada by way
of the Chaudière River to Quebec City,
Generals Phillip Schuyler and Richard
Montgomery was to invade from New York,
take Montreal, then meet Colonel Arnold at
Quebec. This was a defeat for the Americans!
June 18th: Arnold was the last to withdraw
from Canada. The Americans attempted again
in 1778 and 1780 to conquer the British.
Revolutionary War Quote :
New York and Long Island 1776
. August 27th, 1776
.Lord Charles Cornwallis, Sir Henry
Clinton, Sir William Howe, George
Washington, Israel Putnam, William
.General Washington sent word out
that General Howe was headed to
New York. The Patriots in New York
started to fortify the city. The New
England units who had not gone to
Canada with Benidict Arnold met
General Washington's forces at Long
Island between Brooklyn and New
York City.
. Combatants: British and the
American Continental Army
. The British drove the Americans
from Brooklyn and forced them to
evacuate New York.
Ashley Farr
Quote: Discipline is the soul of an army. It makes small numbers formidable; procures success to the
weak, and esteem to all.
-George Washington
Date: December 25th 1776
People: George Washington, Major General
Nathanael Greene, and Major General John
Description: George Washington decided to
change the war by leading his troops across the
partially frozen Delaware River to try and surprise
the Hessians.
Outcome: When General Sullivan and General
Washington met up after the Hessian colonel had
been shot.. The Hessians surrendered shortly after.
Significance: This was a huge significance
because the colonies were outnumbered and
outmanned. Also the colonist took much needed
supplies from the Hessians. Lastly, the colonist put
their faith in George Washington was a good
leader, and also faith in the army as well.
Battle of Ticonderoga 1777
Revolutionary War Quote : “I do not think you can do better than to fix here for a while,
till you can become again Americanized” Thomas Jefferson
TEXT: Date: July 6, 1777
People: General John Burgoyne commanded
the British Army and General Arthur St. Clair
commanded the American troops.
Description: The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga
was a battle of maneuver rather than a direct
conflict. It was important to the Americans
because they thought it would keep the British
out of the northern colonies. During the battle,
St. Clair had is troops retreat because he
didn’t want any casualties of valuable troops.
People were outraged but in the end St. Clair
was may have been right.
Outcome: The Americans withdrew, giving the
British the upper hand.
Significance: Ticonderoga ended up being
abandoned and St. Clair could have been a
hero if he stayed at fought.
Revolutionary War Quote :
The date was September 9 1777. It was
the battle of Brandywine.
The Generals were Sir William Howe
with 15,500 men, and George
Washington with 14,600 men.
The British took Philadelphia.
British captain John Andre wrote in his
journal “night and the fatigue the
soldiers had undergone prevented any
At the end Washington had 1,000 killed
worked and captured and the British
had 93 killed, 488 wounded and 6
“I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country”- Nathan Hale
• Was fought from October 7th 1777 to
October 17th, 1777.
• “Gentleman Johnny” or John Burgoyne
was the leader of the English army.
• Horatio Gates was the commander of the
American forces.
• General Burgoyne started the attack. He
ended up losing 86% of his original troops.
He thought he had backup coming, but he
was mistaken.
• The American forces won the battle. It
caused the French to enter the war as an
ally to the Americans.
• Saratoga was the major turning point of
the Revolutionary war.
Burgoyne surrenders to Gates
The Battle of Saratoga
Revolutionary War Quote :
Conway's a snake, and you'll see him squirming on the
griddle before we're through.
December 1777, June 1778
German Hessians and Black,
white and Indian Americans
Description- Valley Forge was
a training period for the Continental
army. They were trained by Baron von
Outcome- A stronger
American army resulted from this
Significance- The American
Army was better trained for the rest of
the war. It ended up being the turning
point of the war.
Battle Name: Valley Forge
Siege of Savannah
Revolutionary War Quote :
“We must have black troops, and a limitless
number of them too - paid and treated like their
white brothers.” – Benjamin Lincoln
Date: September 16th to October 18th, 1779
Americans/French (Maj. General Benjamin Lincoln, Vice Admiral
Comte d’Estaing)
British (Brigadier General Augustine Prevost)
Description: The Americans planned to take the city of Savannah
from the British. They first assaulted with French artillery and then
made two charges while using a distraction.
Outcome: The distraction failed which made the charges pointless
causing many American/French casualties.
Significance: It strengthened the push South for Britain and was a
hit to the alliance of Americans/French.
Siege of Charleston
Revolutionary War Quote : “We must have black troops, and a limitless number of
them too - paid and treated like their white brothers.” – Benjamin Lincoln
Date: March 29th – May 12th, 1780
American (Maj. General Benjamin Lincoln)
British (Lt. General Henry Clinton)
Description: The americans attempted a straightforward charge with
only 5,500 soldiers against Britain’s 13,500 soldiers while they were
holed up in Charlestown.
Outcome: British killed 100 soldiers and captured the rest as prisoners
Significance: This signified the great power of Britain, and caused
heavy losses to America.
Battle of Yorktown
Place: September 28th to October 19th 1781.
People: General Washington commanded the
Battle of Yorktown
American troops, and Major General Lord
Cornwallis commanded the British troops.
September 28 to The
October Americans
19th 1781.
formed a semiPeople: General Washington commanded the
and Majorthe
and put the
Cornwallis commanded the British troops.
formed a semiBritishTheunder
The Americans
circle around the entrenchments and put the
under siege. The Americans
occupied the empty redoubts. The
immediately occupied the empty redoubts. The
began formal
siege operations
siege operations on
the eastern side of Yorktown. The Americans
two redoubts inside
front of their
the eastern
of trenches
Yorktown. The Americans
and the position of the British in Yorktown
With no
sign of Clinton’s in front of their trenches
relief and with inadequate supplies of artillery
and position
food, on 19th October
1781 British in Yorktown
and the
of the
Cornwallis’ army marched out of Yorktown and
became untenable. With no sign of Clinton’s
Outcome: The Americans win
This war
the Americans
relief and
supplies of artillery
that they were able to beat the British army.
ammunition and food, on 19th October 1781
American troops storming the redoubt
Cornwallis’ army marched out of Yorktown and
Outcome: The Americans win
Significance: This war showed the Americans
that they were able to beat the British army.
American troops storming the redoubt

similar documents