PPT_Vlera Kastrati - Mapping of Strategy_Eng

Report
Mapping of Kosovo Strategies
Vlera Kastrati
ETF National Consultant
Strategies and future skills
Pyetja kryesore vizionin “Cilat aftesi nevojiten per 2020 dhe si do te
ndertohen?”
- Rishikim i strategjive nga kendveshtrimi i aftesive
- Identifikimi i nderlidhjes ne mes te sistemit te arsimit dhe trajnimit dhe
tregut te punes / ekonomise
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Arsimi
Punes
Economy
Trade and Industry
Agriculture
Public Administration
EU integration
Achievements
• Strategy framework
– Sectorial strategies
– Donor support (donor coordination)
– Wide consultations
• Institutional Structures
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Socio -Economic Council (OPM)
Inter-ministerial cooperation
Governance of the system (VET Agency)
Inter-ministerial bodies/council/centers
Achievements II
• Skills generation – statements vs practice?
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Sector specific skills (centers of competences – sectorial orientation)
Vocational Training Centers (VTCs)
Efforts of connection between VET and labour market
National Qualification Framework
Entrepreneurship skills /training
Inclusion /social cohesion
Efforts to interelate supply and demands
Professional practice / employers (HE, VET)
Promotion life long learning
Labour market research and scientific work
Institutional capacity building (IT, menagement, finance etc)
Teacher training – skills (education)
Career education and guidance
Education
KOSOVO EDUCATION STRATEGIC PLAN 2011-2016 (all levels of education)
 New Curriculum Framework (competence based learning)
 Capacity development of teaching staff for all levels pre-university (continues
teacher training)
 Quality assurance mechanisms
 Career guidance and counseling
 VET -Links between labour market, economical sectors and VET institutions
 Centers of Competences
 Social inclusion
 Life long learning
 Adult Education and Non-Formal Education
 Higher education (research and scientific work, labour market needs)
Education II
STRATEGY FOR INTEGRATION OF ROMA, ASHKALI AND EGYPTIAN (RAE) IN
KOSOVO (2007-2017) EDUCATION COMPONENT
 Inclusion and integration of RAE communities in education
(access and participation, re-integration, special needs, curriculum, teacher
education and training, increased inclusion in VET)
STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN KOSOVA (2005-2015)
 Integration of the Kosovar higher education within the European and
international development processes of higher education
 Harmonization of study programs in all levels with the objectives of the
Bologna Process
 Harmonization of curricula and study programs with economy and labour
market trends.
 Scientific work and research
 Developing programs to support economy with needed experts
Education, Labour,
Youth
Draft Strategy and Action Plan for Career Guidance and Counseling (CGC)
2013-2016 MEST, MCYS, MLSW
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National Center for Career Guidance (inter-ministerial cooperation)
Career Guidance and Counseling
Building career guidance and counseling in education system
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(training, appointment of teacher/school, obligatory subject 9-12)
Cooperation between MLSW, MEST, Kosovo Agency of Statistics, Kosovo Business Alliance, Kosovo Chamber of Commerce
and IHEs for creation of new competitive profiles in the labor market
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Vocational Training Centers (VTCs) offer internships for students in vocational and general schools
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Regional employment centers, municipal employment offices link potential employers and registered job seekers,
career guidance and counseling
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Youth centers offer information for youth about the education market and the labor market
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MCYS creates opportunities for youth employment
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(training, financial support programs for young entrepreneurs, capacity building of youth centers and their
professionalization in the field of Career Guidance)
Capacity building of youth centers and their specialization in the field of Career Guidance
Labour and Social Welfare
STRATEGY FOR IMPROVEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE IN KOSOVO 2013 – 2016 (MEST,
MLSW)
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Increasing the number of employers by provision of places for professional
practice (supporting employers)
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Increasing the number of VET students in professional practice
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Enhancing the quality of professional practice
– meeting occupational standards in curricula, occupational safety and health, information
system about places for professional practice
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Providing a framework for co-ordinated work of local actors to improve
professional practice in enterprises
– Partnerships between the formal and non-formal education and training sectors, business,
voluntary and community actors at the regional and local levels.
Labour and Soc. II
VOCATIONAL TRAINING STRATEGY 2012 – 2014
• Increase employment and strengthen vocational training according to the
demands of the labor market
• Diversify training in VTCs
• Improve learning resources and introduce a quality assurance framework
• Build capacities at management level
Labour and Soc. III
SECTORIAL STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2012 -2014 MLSW
 Increase of employment level and development of vocational skills according to
labour market demand
– Re-organization of vocational trainings based on labour market needs.
– Vocational Training Division to become an Agency (manage and outsource vocational trainings
with external private providers)
– Organization of employment services by Department of Labour and Employment and
provision of employment services by National Employment Agency.
 Level of services provided by MLSW aligned to EU legislation, systems and
standards
– Introduction of an explicit performance management and capacity building system for HR
management
 Development of cooperation with neighbouring countries (EU members and nonmembers) to increase employment opportunities of Kosovo labour force
Economy II
 Republic of Kosova Energy Strategy 2009 – 2018
 Republic of Kosovo Heating Strategy 2011-2018
 Republic of Kosovo Mining Strategy 2012 -2025
– Development of human and institutional capacities
– Strengthening and development of existing institutions;
– Development of the Kosovo Geological Institute (preparing specialists
in geology, mining, economics, environment, etc.)
– University develop graduate educational programs for mining, in line
with European requirements
– Capacity building in implementing modern communication and
information technologies.
– Creation of adequate prerequisites for the rejuvenation of the labor
market in active mines
Economy III
ACTION PLAN FOR THE ECONOMIC VISION OF KOSOVO 2011 – 2014
 Human Capital Development
Development and support of all inclusive education system to ensure equal access to quality education
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EMIS and financing formula in municipalities
Agency for Curricula and Evaluation
Curricula to align to economic and social development (curricula on competences, textbook, evaluation etc)
Professional development of teachers and school directors (continuous training)
ICDL and infrastructure for IT
Elliminating illiteracy and school drop outs
Quality control in Higher Education
Research institutions
Opening of professional schools
Establishing the system of vocational education and lifelong education
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Accreditation and licensing of VET and education programs
Better coordination between education and employment
Demand driven education and life long learning programs
Decentralization – authority to schools in VET
-Increase employment rate and strengthening of professional training in line with labour market
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Capacities of professional development (mobile centers for skills development)
Increasing of capacities of professional training for jobseekers
Research on new professions based on labour market
Construction of Professional Development Centers in three regions
Review of existing curricula and compiling new ones based on NQF
Agriculture
AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2009 – 2013
 Improved processing and marketing of agriculture products
 Creation of employment (rural areas)
 Alignment of Kosovo agriculture with EU
 Development of vocational education to meet rural needs and
to support rural diversification initiatives
 Training for each subsector dairy, animal (IT, management)
Agriculture II
FORESTRY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT 2010 - 2020
Strategies for developing Forestry Vocational Education
 Establishment of a Secondary Forestry Vocational School at national level.
 Centre for forestry vocational education and training (regional -West Balkan);
Strategies for developing Forestry Vocational Training
 Establish a Forestry Vocational Training Centre to increase the skills of forest workers (for selfemployment, entrepreneurship and safe working methods)
Strategies for organizing higher education and research in forestry
 Open a faculty for forestry in Pristine /students to study abroad.
 Establishment of inter-ministerial cooperation, curricula development, assessment of
training needs and ensuring funds for implementation of permanent premises for higher education
Creation of capacities for:
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applied research through new institutions or strengthening of existing premises
secure the availability of state of the art technology through linking forestry researchers in Kosovo to similar
international research institutions.
Trade and Industry
STRATEGY FOR THE KOSOVO 2012 – 2016 SME DEVELOPMENT
The strategy has a focus:
 provision of informal and formal training to develop entrepreneurship skills and
 promote and increase cooperation between schools and businesses
- introduce a Graduate Enterprise Scheme,
- increase the numbers of internships in SMEs,
- encourage the establishment of business incubators within universities,
- expand mentorship schemes for coaching start-up businesses and
- promoting entrepreneurship understanding among teachers, lecturers, professors and academics.
 Promoting and Developing an Entrepreneurial Culture
- Extend entrepreneurship curriculum in Primary Schools, VETs, High Schools and HE institutions
 Improving the position of female entrepreneurs, youngster, minorities, specific groups and
support of the entrepreneurs in disadvantaged zones (training program, voucher scheme,
specialized training for disadvantaged).
Trade and Industry II
Kosovo Industry Strategy 2009 - 2013
Objective
- Institution capacity building to design and implement a policy
program and measures for the consolidation and improvement of
the production and export.
- Systematic development of training programs for exporters.
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Capacity building on practical knowledge, managerial skills, use of
advanced technology .
Youth, Culture and Sport
Kosovo Strategy for Youth 2013 – 2017
Non- formal education
Employment of youth
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Training programs and financial support for young entrepreneurs.
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Employment and entrepreneurship program providing trainings on the development of life skills (educational and
professional training, implementation of cooperation programs with relevant institutions)
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Practice at work to gain experience in working environment for career path in line with labour market .
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young people who enter the labour market
unemployed people
apprenticeship work and seasonal work scheme
Public, government and non-government
Organizing training programs for young entrepreneurs (innovative ideas and development of new businesses).
Public Administration
STRATEGY FOR THE REFORM OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 2010-2013
Capacity development:
- Policy Management
- Communication with participation of citizens (Communication
Office OPM)
- Budget planning
- Internal control and auditing
- Human Resources Management and Development
EU Integration
STRATEGY FOR EUROPEAN INTEGRATION 2020
 Economic development
- Meet the Copenhagen criteria of being capable of coping with market forces in EU
- Kosovo Institute for Public Administration (KIPA) to provide trainings for diverse target
groups and specific profiles of officials.
 Strengthen institutional capacities to ensure functioning market economy and
economic integration with the EU
- Labour productivity will be increased by enhancing workers' knowledge and skills
(quality education system, both formal and informal, particularly vocational education)
 Improve the quality of the education system orienting policies towards developing
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entrepreneurial culture and
strengthening cooperation between the education and business sectors.
Challenges
- Systematic approach to interrelation of education and economy (offer
and supply)
- Specific connection (sectors – subsectors)
- How specific is the relation with the economic sectors and trends (general
statements)
- National and regional level (skills –employment)
- Public and private sector
- Life long learning
- Higher education
- Economic oriented profiles
- Professional practice and skills in existing profiles in HE
- Matching existing HE profiles with labour market needs (quantitative,
qualitative)
- Research on economic tendencies, supplies
- Inclusion, higher education and employment (marginalized groups)
- Entrepreneurship skills (specified)
- Links between science, innovation and economy
Challenges II
- Vocational education and training
- Curricula related to education and labour market needs (mining, heating,
energy, tourism, agriculture)
- Centers of Competencies isolated within VET system
- Practical professional skills and high quality vocational skills
- Inclusion, vocational education and employment (marginalized groups)
- Entrepreneurship skills (specified)
- Private sector involvement in policy design and training (apprenticeship,
world based learning , internships etc)
Sustainability of skills generation
– Ownership of Kosovo stakeholders (central / local level)
– Strategic Planning and Action plan
– Budgets (MTEF)
– Policy Implementation (monitoring, indicators and benchmarking,
national, regional EU level)
– Institutional Capacities (policy design, implementation and
monitoring)
Thank you for
your attention

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