Romans - CGC Rayleigh

Report
Paul’s letter to the
Romans
The Gospel of God
The Righteousness of God
Chronological order of the Epistles
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Galatians
I Thessalonians
II Thessalonians
I Corinthians
II Corinthians
Romans
Colossians
8) Philemon
9) Ephesians
10)Philippians
11) I Timothy
12)Titus
13)II Timothy
14) Philemon
Outline of the Epistle
Six main sections:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Summary, Introduction and Theme (1:1-17)
Sin (1:18-3:20)
Salvation (3:21-5:21)
Sanctification (6:1-8:39)
Sovereignty (9:1-11:36)
Service (12:1-16:27)
The Righteousness of God
Rom 1:17 ~ the righteousness of God is revealed in the
gospel from faith to faith, just as it is written, "The
righteous by faith will live."
1. Righteousness from God : imputation; source
2. Righteousness of God : declaration by righteous God;
3. Righteousness of God : attribute of God’s nature
Does our unrighteousness reflect on God?
“From faith to faith”: possibly “by faith for faith”
Everybody needs God’s Righteousness
• All men need it:
 1:18 – 1:32: Gentiles need it
 Chap 2 – Jews need it equally, despite the law
 Chap 3 – imaginary objection – no point in law?
 Chap 4 – God’s way always was by faith
 Chap 5 – that is why we have security
Imagined objection: Is God Fair?
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Rom 2:12~ How can God condemn the ignorant?
Rom 3:23~ ALL have sinned!
What if God said: "Do your best"?
Argument of Rom 3:1-10 esp. 3:8 (Jesuits)
Repeated in 6:1 taking up theme from 5:20
Situation ethics & relative truth
Does election make God unfair? Rom 9:11-13
Let God be true though every one were a liar
Romans 4: Sola fide
 One of two great chapters on faith
 Extended illustration from life of Abraham
 Main message: cannot earn salvation or justification
 Key verse: 4:17 ~ language of faith
 4:21 Are we "fully convinced" ? Apologetics
 Abraham declared righteous by faith alone – sola fide
Five Solae of Scripture
1. Sola scriptura ("by Scripture alone") II Tim 3:16
2. Sola fide ("by faith alone")
3. Sola gratia ("by grace alone")
4. Solo Christo ("through Christ alone")
5. Soli Deo gloria ("glory to God alone")
Rom 5:14 ~ Where did Death come in?
 Death reigned from Adam to Moses
 What are the implications of this?
 Could Adam have lived forever but for sin?
 Is there room for death before Adam?
 Thus fossils must have been formed after the Fall!
Romans 5 – “Much more”
 5:9 ~ how much more shall we be saved …
 5:10 ~ how much more, having been reconciled …
 5:15 ~ how much more did God’s grace … overflow
 5:17 ~ how much more will … [we] reign in life
 11:24 ~ how much more readily … grafted in
For Further Study
 The Untold Story of the New Testament Church
 The Pulpit Commentary (e-Sword)
 The Bible Exposition Commentary. © 1989 by Chariot
Victor Publishing
 https://bible.org/seriespage/lesson-1-romans-gospelgod-romans-11-introduction
 Dr Martin Lloyd-Jones: Romans

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