Robotic Surgery Report.ppt

Report
Mr. PRAKASH.R.PATIL
VTU NO. 2BL06EE017
GUIDANCE :
PROF. SUJATA.M.BAGI

INTRODUCTION

DEFINITION OF ROBOTIC SURGERY

TYPES OF ROBOT

ROBOTS IN MEDICINE

DAVINCI ROBOTIC SYSTEM

DAVINCI SYSTEM OR SCHEMATIC

TOTAL INTERGRATION OF SURGICAL CARE

OPERATAING ROOM

ADVANTAGES

DISADVANTAGES

APPLICATION

CONCLUSION

REFERENCE
The term “Robot " was coined by the Czech
playright Karel Capek in 1921 in his play
Rossom's Universal Robots.
 In 1985 a ROBOT, the PUMA 560, was used to
place a needle for a brain biopsy using CT
guidance.
 Robots were first introduced in 1987 with the
first laparoscopic surgery.

Robotic surgery is Microsurgery in
which the surgeon performs surgery by
manipulating the hands of a robot
Any mechanica device that operates
automatically with
human like skill


Passive
◦ Retractor system
◦ Position the tool and then hold

Active
◦ Robot would actively move the tool upon the surgeons
command
 PUMA 560
 DaVinci Robotic
sytstem
ZEUS Surgical
System
Magnified (12x), stereoscopic
3Dvision
Robotic wrist with 6 degrees of
freedom
Movements are
scaled,filtered,translated
Minimally Invasive
& Open Surgery
Remote Surgery
Pre-operative planning
Surgical Rehearsal
Intra-operative navigation
Simulation & Training
Pre-operative Warmup
Operating Room of the Future
Shorter hospital stay
 Reduced Trauma to the body
 Less anesthesia
 Less Blood loss
 Less post- operative pain
 Less pain
 Less risk of infection
 Less scarring
 Faster recovery and return to daily activities

 Human
presence
 Fault consequence
 Time
 Cost
 Efficiency &Compatibility
 General surgery
 Cardiology
 Gastrointestinal surgery
 Gynecology
 Neurosurgery
 Orthopedics
Radiosurgery
The rate of discovery of new technology is
outpacing the ability of business, society, and
healthcare to integrate and apply
 Robotic surgery is but one example of such
technology that MAY reduce operative
morbidity, hospital stay, and recovery, while
POTENTIALLY improving clinical outcomes,
but at what point do the BENEFITS justify the
increased EXPENSE?

1. Gomez G. Sabiston Textbook of Surgery. 17th ed.
Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2004. Emerging
Technology in surgery: informatics, electronics, robotics.
2. Ballantyne GH. The pitfalls of laparoscopic surgery:
challenges for robotics and telerobotic surgery. Surg Laparosc
Endosc Percutan Tech. 2002;12:1–5. [PubMed]
3. Ballantyne GH. Robotic surgery, telerobotic surgery,
telepresence, and telementoring. Review of early clinical
results. Surg Endosc. 2002;16:1389–1402. [PubMed]
4. Darzi SA, Munz Y. The impact of minimally invasive
surgical techniques. Annu Rev Med. 2004;55:223–237.
[PubMed]
5. Hashizume M, Tsugawa K. Robotic surgery and cancer: the
present state, problems and future vision. Jpn J Clin Oncol.
2004;34:227–237. [PubMed]
Do Robots Dream ?

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