Gonzalo Hernandez Licona - Human Development Reports

Report
www.coneval.gob.mx
Importance of multidimensional poverty
measures
1. Must be part of the measurement of
progress/development, along with GDP and inequality:
Social contract of countries.
2. Income is important, but other dimensions are
important for their own sake. Access to education,
health, housing, food are social rights.
3. These measures link measurement to public policy
• One of the motivations for the MPI was the importance
for public policy in Mexico (2007-8)
• Unlike the income measure, with a multidimensional
approach, various public programs/actions can be
reflected directly in poverty.
Achievements of MPI
• Because of the previous reasons, MPI and similar methods
are VERY IMPORTANT TO MEASURE HUMAN PROGRESS.
They are here to stay!
• MPI competes well with the income indicator. We suggest
that HDRO continues to use an MPI-type indicator.
• MPI based on household survey information, microdata
and reliable surveys. Based on household data.
• It is decomposable.
Using the Mexican experience
• Union or Intersection.
• Intersection.
• Union leads to 90%; thus it is not useful to prioritize
public policy; all those in poverty are in fact very
different form each other.
• H ior M0.
• Both! For communications H, but M0 is a neat
indicatos.
• We use both separately: H and Nr. of average
deprivations.
• Include inequality.
• This is trickier (but Sabina and James may have an
idea),
• I would introduce it by focusing on extreme poverty
explicitly.
Income
Wellbeing
Poverty identification
Vulnerable
due to social
deprivations
Non poor
and non
vulnerable
EWL
POVERTY
Vulnerable
due to
income
46.2 %, 2.5 deprivations on average
6
5
4
3
2
Deprivations
Social Rights
0
1
•
•
•
•
•
•
Educational gap
Access to Health
Access to Social Security
Quality of Housing
Basic services in dwelling
Access to Food
Income
Wellbeing
Extreme Poverty
Vulnerable
people by
social
deprivations
EWL
MWL
Non poor and
non
vulnerable
Moderate poverty
Vulnerable
due to
income
EXTREME poverty
10.4%; 3.7 deprivations
6
5
4
3
2
Deprivations
Social Rights
1
0
The paper. Specific comments
• Cooking fuel indicator IN or OUT.
• IN. I would not take it out; I accept sometimes is
difficult to measure, but this indicator is important for
poverty, especially in rural areas.
• Households with non-eligible individuals and economies of
scale.
• Kalsen’s suggestion might be interesting, but since
education, health, food are social rights, we suggest to
measure poverty at the individual level.
• I would use individual access to education, health,
food.
Go local
• MPI is a global measure; it is important to have global
measures for poverty. But there are some difficulties with
being global (data, comparability, specific country needs
and values..).
• We also need countries to engage in local measures;
countries have always something to say about the way they
see themselves.
• And they should have also poverty measures at
subnational level!
• I would suggest to look at the specific Mexican (and
Colombian) case. The measure was thought for public
policy purposes and the governments, federal and local,
are using it for many purposes

similar documents