WHY? What the writer intended What the reader encodes Semantic – diction, choice of words, diction Syntactic – the arrangement of words in a sentence Graphological – the way the words are written (Capitals, punctuation, italics etc.) Figurative – a layer of meaning added onto the literal meaning Why didn’t Mansefield say: The discreet door shut with a bang She rushed from the shop, hat in hand. As the clock struck twelve, Cinderella remembered what her fairy godmother had told her. Semantic The discreet door closed with a click. There was a click as the discreet door shut. The discreet door was shut with a click. The door discreetly shut with a click. Syntactic With a click the discreet door shut. The discreet door clicked shut. Phonological (sound) Graphological The discreet door shut – with a click. With a click, the discreet door shut. Figurative Identify four language features in this sentence.