brief on the ministry of gender, children & social protection

Report
SYMPOSIUM ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL PROTECTION
TOPIC: THE GHANA LIVELIHOOD EMPOWERMENT AGAINST
POVERTY (LEAP) PROGRAMME,
A Case Study of Social Protection intervention
VENUE:- NIAMEY, NIGER
DATE:- 19th & 20th September, 2014
Presenter:
HON. JOHN ALEXANDER ACKON
(DEPUTY MINISTER - Gender, Children & Social Protection)
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Our Target Groups
Women (51%)
People with
disabilities (3%)
Men (48.7%)
Elderly (6.7%)
Children (38%)
Youth (20%)
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OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
Definition and Background of Social Protection:
 The LEAP Programme
Implementation and coverage
Targeting Process
Payment arrangements
Achievements
Challenges
Way forward
Conclusion
3
Back Definition of Social Protection
Ghana’s Social Protection Strategy defines social
protection as: “a set of transfers and services that
help individuals and households confront risk and
adversity (including emergencies), and ensure a
minimum standard of dignity and well-being
throughout the life-cycle.”
The definition also adds that, a concept of “social
protection for children which focuses on the
objectives of systematically protecting and
ensuring the rights of all children and women,
achieving gender equality, and reducing child
poverty.
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SOME SOCIAL PROTECTION
INTERVENTIONS IN GHANA;
Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP) cash transfer
programme
Labour Intensive Public Works
The Exempt Category under the National Health Insurance Scheme
Pro-Poor interventions for poor peasant farmers’ including Block
Farming
Free School Uniform and Exercise books for Public Basic Schools
School Feeding Programme
Education Capitation Grant
Local Enterprise and Skills Development Programme (LESDEP)
Ghana Youth Employment and Enterprise Development Programme
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BACKGROUND OF LEAP
Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty
(LEAP) cash transfer programme
Labour Intensive Public Works
The Exempt Category under the National
Health Insurance Scheme
Pro-Poor interventions for poor peasant
farmers’ including Block Farming
Free School Uniform and Exercise books for
Public Basic Schools
School Feeding Programme
Education Capitation Grant
Local Enterprise and Skills Development
Programme (LESDEP)
Ghana Youth Employment and Enterprise
Development Programme
6
BACKGROUND OF LEAP (cont’d)
The LEAP Programme provides
cash transfers to:
• Empower extremely poor
households
• Help them provide for their
basic needs
• Enable them to LEAP out of
extreme poverty
LEAP targets are the following;
i.
Orphans and Vulnerable
Children and their
caregivers
ii.
The elderly poor who are 65
years +
iii. Persons with severe
disabilities without
productive capacity
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OBJECTIVES OF LEAP
Broad Objective of LEAP
The broad objective of the LEAP Program is to reduce
poverty by increasing consumption and promoting access to
services and opportunities among the extreme poor and
vulnerable.
Specific Objectives
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
To improve basic household consumption and nutrition among
children below 2 years
To increase access to health care services among children
below 5 years
To increase basic school enrollment, attendance and retention
of beneficiary children
To facilitate access to complementary services (such as welfare,
livelihoods
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Implementation and Coverage
The LEAP programme is being
implemented by the Department of
Social Welfare and managed the
Ministry of Gender, Children & Social
Protection (MoGCSP)
The programme commenced in 2008
with 1,654 household beneficiaries in
21 selected districts and currently
covers 99 districts nation-wide with
the total number of household
beneficiaries standing at over 72,000
(June, 2014)
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Governance Structure
• LEAP programme is a community driven programme because of the
participation at the grass root level.
• The Community LEAP implementation committee (CLIC ) is the grass
root structure that plays an active role in the implementation of the
cash grant programme.
• The CLIC assist in data collection and the identification of potential
beneficiary house holds (HH) in the community.
• The CLIC also assist in the mobilisation of beneficiaries at the time of
cash payments.
• Furthermore the CLIC helps in the monitoring on the usage of the
cash grant etc.
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TARGETING
TARGETING
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FUNDING OF LEAP
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PAYMENT PROCESSES
13
14
LEAP MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE
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LEAP MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE
16
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ACHIEVEMENTS
Number of beneficiary
households has increased from
initial 1654 in twenty-one(21)
districts in 2008 to 72,780
beneficiary households in ninetynine (99) districts as at June, 2014
Tripling of household grant since
July, 2012 from an average of
GH₵12.00 to GH₵36.00
LEAP grants arrears of
beneficiaries have all been
cleared to date
Every GH¢1 to GH¢2.5 by ‘local
multiplier’ effect
Improvement in household
consumption of beneficiaries
Increase school attendance Basic & Secondary
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ACHIEVEMENTS (cont’d)
Over 90% LEAP beneficiary households
have been enrolled onto NHIS and are
accessing health care.
Piloted electronic payments in 9 pilot
districts
Upgrading of the Management
Information System (MIS)
A baseline and mid term impact
evaluation of the programme was
conducted by the North Carolina
University(USA)/ISSER - UG
Development & distribution of
Information, Education and
Communication (IEC) materials
Implementation of the Monitoring and
Evaluation framework
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CHALLENGE
Weak coordination of LEAP with other
complementary services to facilitate graduation
and exit like;
School Feeding Program
Capitation Grant
Distribution of School Uniforms
Distribution of School textbooks and exercise
books
Labour Intensive Public Works (LIPW)
MASLOC
LESDEP
GYEEDA etc.
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THE WAY FORWARD
Expansion and targeting of 50,000 additional
households on the programme by 2015
Up scale and roll out Electronic payment system
Pilot Case Management module devloped
Develop and pilot of Electronic Data Collection
tools in progress
Undertake Independent Monitoring Checks
(IMC)
To strengthen systems using independent verifier
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THE WAY FORWARD (cont’d)
• Introduction of LEAP 1,000 (for pregnant mothers
and children <1year in 10 selected districts of the
Northern and Upper East regions)
• The establishment of the National Targeting System
under the MoGCSP to create the Ghana National
Household Registry (Single Registry Database) from
which LEAP and other Social Protection
programmes can select their target beneficiaries
• Implement the process of graduating beneficiaries
• Coordination of all complementary services
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CONCLUSION
 Globally, Social protection is now recognized as an
important tool for poverty reduction in developing and
under developed countries
 The government of Ghana since the 1990s until recently has
implemented various social protection interventions to
reduce poverty
 With the establishment of Ghana’s Ministry of Gender,
Children and Social Protection, initially the Ministry of
Women and Children’s Affairs, Government’s focus is to
co-ordinate these interventions to ensure that they reach
the needy or target groups
 This requires the release of adequate funds and in a timely
manner, building capacity and logistics for implementing
bodies to deliver on their mandate
 Finally, the implementation of the Ghana LEAP programme
is a clear evidence of how extreme poverty can be
reduced
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CONCLUSION (cont’d)
 The Ministry of Gender, Children and Social
Protection is currently working with all key
stakeholder Social Protection Ministry including the
Office of the President, Ministry of Finance and the
National Development planning to establish
Institutional Structures at the National, Regional,
District and Community levels to effectively and
efficiently coordinate all Social Protection
Interventions including the LEAP.
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Asante sana
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