PainlessPowerShell

Report
Painless PowerShell for SharePoint
Admins
Rick Taylor
Special Thanks to our Platinum Sponsor
…and our Gold Sponsor
• Who am I???
• Who am I ??????????
• Rick Taylor, MCSE, MCT
• SharePoint architect, formerly with Microsoft SharePoint
Platform Architecture Team for SharePoint Online (O365)
• Contact
• http://blogs.technet.com/ritaylor
• Twitter: @SLKRCK
• [email protected]
Agenda
• What is Windows PowerShell
• Windows PowerShell basics
• Windows PowerShell scripts for administrators
What is Windows PowerShell?
• Command-line interface and scripting language used
for SharePoint Server administration
• Complements CMD
• Extends STSADM
• Uses XML & Objects
• Built on the .Net Framework
Windows PowerShell Basics
• cmdlet
• pronounced "command-let“
• More than 500 cmdlets for SharePoint alone
©2012 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
SharePoint 2013 Nouns and Verbs
• 774 Total commands
• Nouns start with SP
• 334 Nouns
Windows PowerShell Basics
• cmdlets = verbs (actions) & nouns (objects)
• Combine the two to build specific commands
• Examples
• Get-SPSite
• Get = Verb
• SPSite = Noun
Getting the list of SharePoint cmdlets
• Get a list of all commands:
• Get-Command –noun sp*
• Get help for a specific command:
• Get-Help <cmdlet>
Windows PowerShell for SharePoint
Command Builder
http://www.microsoft.com/resources/TechNet/en-us/Office/media/WindowsPowerShell/WindowsPowerShellCommandBuilder.html
Getting the list of SharePoint cmdlets
• For more detailed help add the following parameters:
• Get-Help <cmdlet> -full
• Get-Help <cmdlet> -examples
• Get-Help <cmdlet> -detailed
Differences in Get-help: -full
Differences in Get-help: -detailed
Differences in Get-help: -examples
-WhatIf
• Evaluate what happens without side-effects
©2012 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Adding SharePoint Snap-In to ISE
Checking out Windows
PowerShell
DEMO
PowerShell Scripts
• Build scripts to easily execute through common
commands and tasks
• Develop using PowerShell ISE or other shells
• Schedule using Task Scheduler.
SharePoint Basic Site Structure
Site Structure Creation
Command
New-SPManagedAccount
New-SPWebApplication
New-SPContentDatabase
New-SPManagedPath
New-SPSite
New-SPWeb
Description
Registers a new managed account
Creates a new web application
Creates a new content database for a web application
Creates a managed path
Creates a new site collection
Creates a new web within a site collection
Permissions for Shell Admins for Backup and
Restore
Farm component
Member of Administrators group on
the local computer
Member of Farm Administrators
SharePoint group
Full Control on backup
folder
Farm
Yes
No
Yes
Service application
Yes
No
Yes
Content database
Yes
No
Yes
Site collection
No
Yes
Yes
Site, list, document
library
Yes
No
Yes
PowerShell Scripts
• Examples:
• Activate a feature across multiple site collections
• Provisioning of Managed Accounts
• Creating of New Sites
• Backup all Site Collections in Farm
Service Application Setup/Configuration
Cmdlet Name
Example
Get-SPServiceInstance
$svc = (Get-SPServiceInstance | ? {$_.TypeName -eq "Managed
Metadata Web Service"})
Start-SPServiceInstance
if ($svc.Status –eq "Disabled")
{
$svc | Start-SPServiceInstance
}
while($svc.Status -ne "Online")
{
Write-Host "Waiting to provision";
sleep 5;
}
New-SP*ServiceApplication
PS C:\> Get-Command New-SP*ServiceApplication
New-SP*ServiceApplicationProxy
PS C:\> Get-Command New-SP*ServiceApplicationProxy
New-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup
Add-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroupMember
New-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup "Demo"
$mms = Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy | ?{$_.TypeName -eq
"Managed Metadata Service Connection"}
Add-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroupMember -Identity "Demo" Member $mms
Connect-SPOService
–Url https://apps2013demo-admin.sharepoint.com
–credential [email protected]
PS C:\windows\system32> get-command -noun spo* | Group Noun
Count Name
Group
----- -------4 SPOUser
{Add-SPOUser, Get-SPOUser, Remove-SPOUser, S...
2 SPOService
{Connect-SPOService, Disconnect-SPOService}
1 SPOAppErrors
{Get-SPOAppErrors}
1 SPOAppInfo
{Get-SPOAppInfo}
3 SPODeletedSite
{Get-SPODeletedSite, Remove-SPODeletedSite, ...
2 SPOExternalUser
{Get-SPOExternalUser, Remove-SPOExternalUser}
7 SPOSite
{Get-SPOSite, New-SPOSite, Remove-SPOSite, R...
4 SPOSiteGroup
{Get-SPOSiteGroup, New-SPOSiteGroup, Remove-...
2 SPOTenant
{Get-SPOTenant, Set-SPOTenant}
1 SPOTenantLogEntry
{Get-SPOTenantLogEntry}
1 SPOTenantLogLastAvaila...
{Get-SPOTenantLogLastAvailableTimeInUtc}
1 SPOWebTemplate
{Get-SPOWebTemplate}
1 SPOUpgradeEvaluationSite
{Request-SPOUpgradeEvaluationSite}
Additional PowerShell Resources
• Windows PowerShell for SharePoint Foundation 2010
• http://technet.microsoft.com/enus/library/ee662510(office.14).aspx
• Windows PowerShell Getting Started Guide
• http://msdn.microsoft.com/enus/library/aa973757(VS.85).aspx
• Windows PowerShell Cheat Sheet
• http://refcardz.dzone.com/refcardz/windows-powershell
• STSADM to Windows PowerShell mapping
• http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff621084.aspx
• Zach Rosenfield’s blog
• http://sharepoint.microsoft.com/blogs/zach/default.aspx

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