Nachhaltigkeit für Biomasse

Report
Expanding sustainability criteria to other
biomass uses than biofuels and
bioliquids
Biomass Futures Project
30. 11. 2010
Martina Fleckenstein – WWF Germany
Content
Sustainable Biomass
Current State and Trends
2. Global Sustainability Requirements
3. Metastandard Approach
4. Conclusion
1.
1
Sustainable Production
Current State and Trends
Trends (1)

Legal requirements


EU Renewable Energy Directive
Forest Law Enforcement,
Governance and Trade (FLEGT)

Development of industrydriven initiatives and
labels
Trends (2)
Proliferation of certification schemes and labels
Confusing numbers of certification
schemes
No guideboard for consumers and
producers
No joint approach and benchmarking
scheme
Market Transformation
Use market
forces to drive
performance
Performance Curve
Performance
Improve impacts
of 60% of
operators
Number of producers
Shift
Regulation
Best
Performance
Environmental performance
6
Political Framework in Germany
Erneuerbare Energien Konzept (August 2010)
Zur Bereitstellung nachhaltiger Biokraftstoffe „[…] ist ein auf Zertifizierung basierender
transparenter Handel unter Einbindung der Landwirtschaft, der Energiewirtschaft und
der Abfallwirtschaft erforderlich.“
Aktionsplan Stoffliche Nutzung (Sept. 2009)
„Schaffung
und Anwendung von internationalen Standards und Zertifizierungssystemen
für die nachhaltige Erzeugung von agrarischen nachwachsenden Rohstoffen für stoffliche
Zwecke in Anlehnung an bestehende internationale Zertifizierungssysteme als
Zwischenschritt auf dem Wege zur Schaffung global gültiger Nachhaltigkeitskriterien für
die Erzeugung agrarischer Biomasse.“
Koalitionsvereinbarung Bundesregierung (Okt. 2009)
“Initiativen für eine international wirksame Nachhaltigkeitszertifizierung [zu] ergreifen,
die sowohl die Kraftstoff- und Stromproduktion als auch die Nutzung für Lebens- und
Futtermittel umfasst”
Mandatory sustainability requirements only for a
small part of biomass use
Renewable
Energy
Directive
Biomass
Conversion
BioKraftNachV
BioStrEnergy
NachV
Upgrading
Chemical/ technical
applications
Food and feed
Trade
Consumers
Source: Meo
Challenges for sustainability for
material use of biomass
Proof of sustainable
production
Generally
accepted
standards of
sustainability
Chain of Custody
(mass balance)
for complex
value supply chains
Challenges
Set of rules and
suitable systems
Product-related
GHG-balancing
Acceptance of an
„industry
standard“
Quelle: Meo
2
Global Sustainability
Requirements
Definition for setting
a credible sustainability standard

Focused on key impacts (social, economic and ecologic)

Based on objective and measurable performance

Developed in compliance with ISEAL‘S Code of Good practise for
Setting Social and Environemental Standards

Multi-stakeholder approach (from Industries to Smallholders) and
Transparency at all level

Created by a Consensus

Compliant with relevant national and international laws

Based on sound science

Globally applicable and adaptable to local/regional needs
Credible Sustainability Certification Schemes
Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)
Round Table on Responsible Soy (RTRS)
International Sustainability & Carbon Certification
(ISCC)
Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)
Better Sugar Initiative (BSI)
Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuel (RSB)
Benchmarking
ISCC
1.
Minimizing or eliminating
the most important
environmental and social
negative impacts of the
comodity/ product
2.
Based on objective and
measurable performance
3.
Developed in compliance
with ISEAL‘s code of
Good Practice for Setting
Social and Environmental
Standards
4.
Involved a diverse group
of stakeholders
RSPO
RTRS
RSB
BSI
FSC
Benchmarking
ISCC
5.
Created by consensus
6.
Compliant with relevant
national and international
laws
7.
Science based
8.
Third party indepentent
certification
RSPO
RTRS
RSB
BSI
FSC
Requirements on Principles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Reducing GHG emissions
Protection and maintenance of land with high carbon stock
Protection of land with high biodiversity value
Maintenance of soil quality and productivity
Efficient use of water and maintenance or enhance the
quality of the water resources used
6. Prohibition or avoidance of air pollution
7. Efficient use of technologies and use of agrochemicals, and
waste management
Requirements on Principles
1. Respect land rights
2. Respect working rights and ensure fair labour conditions
3. Food security
Economical Principles
1. Increase efficiency
2. Boost local benefits
3.
Metastandard
Approach
Metastandard Concept
Metastandard
(ecological and social principles and criteria for
the production of agricultural commodities)
Benchmarking
Benchmarking of established
systems against the
Metastandard
RSPO
BSI sustainablitity
FSC
Even so ISCC
private
andRTRS
other RSB
voluntary
initiatives may qualify!
Commodity specific certification
Metastandard – pro and cons
Benefits of the Metastandard approach
Avoid duplication/
re-inventing the
wheel
Higher
acceptance
Availabilitiy in the
short term
Cost effectiveness
Influencing
existing standards
Harmonizing
existing standards
Metastandard - pro und cons
Limitation of a Metastandard Approach
Changes in the
Metastandard do
not apply directly
Introduction of
minimal Standards
Existing/ qualifying
standards do not
cover all
commodities
Framework for a Metastandard
Modularity level of requirements
Modularity level of scale
Principles
Scale
Gold
GHG
Silver
CoC
Bronze
Economical
Minimal
requirements
Ecological/ social
Requirements must refer to different levels of
the Metastandard-System
Sustainability
Gold
Silver
Bronze
Minimal
Requirements
•No Go Areas
•Ecological 3
•Social 3
•Economical
•No Go Areas
•Ecological 2
•Social 2
•Economical
CoC
GHG
Water
•Segregation
•GHG 3
•Water
•Mass balance
•GHG
•Water
•GHG (default)
•Water
•none
•none
•No Go Areas
•Mass balance
•Ecological 1
•Social 1
•No Go Areas •Book and claim
Requirements must apply to different steps within
the supply chain
Meta-System
Agricultural
Requirements
• Sustainability
 Ökologisch
 Sozial
 Ökonomisch
• Chain of
Custody
 Segregation
 Mass balance
 Book and claim
• THG Footprint
• H2O Footprint
Processing
Requirements
Refinement
Requirements
• Sustainability
• Sustainability
 Ökologisch
 Sozial
 Ökonomisch
• Chain of
Custody
 Segregation
 Mass balance
 Book and
claim
• THG
Footprint
• H2O Footprint
Minimal
requirements
 Ökologisch
 Sozial
 Ökonomisch
• Chain of
Custody
Retailer
Requirements
• Sustainability
 Ökologisch
 Sozial
 Ökonomisch
• Chain of
Custody
 Segregation
 Mass balance
 Book and claim
 Segregation
 Mass balance
 Book and claim
• THG Footprint
• THG Footprint
• H2O Footprint
• H2O Footprint
4.
Conclusion
Expansion of sustainability standards to all uses
of biomass and all feedstock
 Important step towards globalization of environmental and social
sustainability standards
 Implementation of comparable framework conditions for
agricultural production on a global scale
 Opening up of a huge potential for the reduction of GHG
emissions and prevention of loss of biodiversity
 Important step towards the decarbonization of the economy
 Establishment of sustainability as an important criteria of
differentiation in global agricultural and bioenergy markets
Recommendations to German Government
1. Policy recommendation:
a.
Support a Metastandard systems as voluntary guidelines on national
level (Action plan at national level)
b.
Initiate an international process for defining sustainable land use
criteria focused on sustainable production
2. Economic incentives
a.
Grants or subsidies for a sustainable product
b.
Funding schemes for sustainable production
c.
Support market access (e.g. bio-based leading market initiative)
3. Granting of credit (financial sector)
Policy recommendations
4. Development of regulatory taxes (Sanctions)
a.
b.
Increasing the existing environmental and energy taxes to enable a
corresponding reduction of subsidies supporting bio energy
production and use.
Regulatory taxation for the material use of non-renewable, fossil
carbon resources
5. Tax instruments (Incentive)
Proposal of staggering VAT guided by greenhouse gas
emission savings
6. Labelling as consumer driven instrument
Better world logo as guideline for consumer
GOLD Standard
Silver Standard
Bronce Standard
Global Sustainability Requirements for Agriculture
Commodities
- Feasibility Study and Pilottest
1.
2.
3.
4.
Analyses of the political and economical framework conditions
Recommendations for the implementation of global sustainability
standards (esp. Focus on policy recommendations)
Pilot tests from different economic sectors (chemical industry, food
and feed industry)
Dialogue with experts (national consultance of experts, European
conference)
With support of
Thank you
Martina Fleckenstein
WWF Deutschland
030-308742-11
[email protected]

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