Overview of the Global Migration Group

Overview of the Global Migration
Group and the role of
IOM in the global debate on
international migration and development
Karoline Popp
Department of International Cooperation
and Partnerships, IOM Geneva
Who is IOM?
leading global agency on migration…
…Works with States and migrants to improve
governance and protect migrants…
… Facilitates the orderly and humane management
of international migration…
… to maximize benefits and
minimize negative effects of migration.
IOM 2006 – 2013
Membership: up from 120 to 149
Member States; plus Observers
Total expenditure: up from USD 733 million
to 1.3 billion (2011)
Field locations: up from 290 to 440
Active projects: up from 1,600 to 2,900
Operational staff: up from 5,400
to 8,500, almost entirely in field
The global debate on migration & development
Policy dialogue
“Thinking ahead”: crises,
climate, competition
Programmes and
operations (more later)
The global debate on migration & development
Global Forum on Migration
and Development
Post 2015 development agenda /
Rio+20 / ICPD beyond 2014
2013 High-level Dialogue
Global Migration Group
Origins and overview:
2003: founding as “Geneva Migration
2006: expansion to “Global
Migration Group” – GMG
Today: 16 members
Objective: application of relevant instruments and norms relating to
migration, more coherent, comprehensive and better coordinated
Global Migration Group
Activities and achievements:
• Established working mechanism for coordination, consensus-building
and cooperation
• Convenes at working and principals’ level
• Rotating chairmanships
• Working Groups and Task Forces
• Support to GFMD and joint preparations for post 2015
e.g. IOM-led GMG handbook on mainstreaming migration into development
(implemented by UNDP/IOM)
e.g. CEB-mandated paper for UN High-Level Committee
on Programmes (UNFPA and IOM with GMG and other agencies)
IOM and migration & development
Making migration work for
sustainable development for
migrants, countries of origin and
countries of destination
IOM and migration & development
Roundtable 1:
Assessing the effects of international migration on sustainable
development and identifying relevant priorities in view of the
preparations of the post-2015 development framework
A “high road scenario”…
…Is based on the understanding that migration is relevant to the
economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable
development and to peace and security.
IOM and migration & development
IOM and migration & development
Roundtable 2:
Measures to ensure respect for and protection of the human rights
of all migrants, with particular reference to women and children, to
prevent and combat the smuggling of migrants and trafficking in
persons, and to ensure orderly, regular and safe migration
A “high road scenario”…
… Promotes a rights-based and gender-sensitive approach to
migration that ensures access by all migrants to their human and
labour rights.
IOM and migration & development
IOM and migration & development
Roundtable 3:
Strengthening partnerships and cooperation on international
migration and mechanisms to effectively integrate migration into
development policies and promoting coherence at all levels
A high road scenario…
… Commits to cooperation with all partners while recognizing the
sovereign prerogative of States to determine the entry and stay of
non-nationals in their territories, within the limits set by their
international legal obligations.
IOM and migration & development
IOM and migration & development
Roundtable 4:
International and regional labour mobility and its impact on
A “high road scenario”…
… Aims to enhance the positive contribution of labour mobility to
growth and development in countries of origin and destination
and to the human development and well-being of migrants
IOM and migration & development
IOM Policy Recommendations to HLD 2013
Improve development outcomes of migration by:
Improving public perceptions of migrants
Factoring migration into development planning, at national,
regional and global levels, including in the post-2015 development
Protecting the human rights of all migrants
Managing migration in crisis situations
Enhancing the evidence and knowledge base
Promoting policy coherence and institutional development

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