Literacy Night PHENOMENAL Time With PHONEMIC AWARENSS What is Phonemic Awareness? • Phonemic Awareness is not Phonics. • Phonemic Awareness is the ability to hear the individual phonemes (sounds) in spoken words. • Phonological Awareness is the ability to hear syllables, rhymes, and individual sounds. • Phonemic Awareness is part of Phonological Awareness. Importance of Phonemic Awareness • Children who cannot hear and work with the phonemes of spoken words will have a difficult time learning how to relate these phonemes to a letter in the alphabet, or all of the letters and letter combinations that represent a phoneme, such as f, ph, and gh when they see them in written words. Phonemic Awareness Activities Early readers can show they have phonemic awareness in several ways: • Recognizing the first phoneme (sound)in a word- ex. D-og (Use a pocket chart with pictures and letters) • isolating and saying the first or last sound in a word. (Mystery Words- Say three or four words that begin with the same sound- basket, ball, big, boat) • “I Spy Game”- I spy with my little eyes something you are wearing that starts with a /p/ pants, /s/socks Phonemic Awareness Activities • Stretchy names- with a rubber band – Model with a large rubber band how to stretch out a word as the word is said. /mmmm-/aaaa-/nnnn/ – Stretch out children’s names by saying name slowly. Then say name quickly by clapping – Song- to teach Phonemic Segmentation Listen, listen to my word, Then tell me all the sounds you heard: (race) /r/ is one sound /a/ is two /s/ is last in race it’s true Thank you for listening to my word and telling all the sounds you heard! Phonemic Awareness Activities • Rhyming-Read rhyming books- “Down By the Bay” By Raffi -Read and discuss beginning sounds in words and rhyming words. - Rhyming Word Sit Down game - Children walk around in a big circle taking one step each time rhyming words are said by someone. Then the adult says a word that doesn’t rhyme and the children sit down. Phonemic Awareness Activities • Rhyming: – Nursery Rhymes: Hickory Dickory Dock the mouse ran up the clock. – Authors of Rhyming Books: Dr. Seuss, Bill Martin Jr., Rosemary Wells (Noisy Nora), Audrey Wood ( Silly Sally), Jim Aylesworth, Raffi, and Deborah Guarino ( Is Your Mama a Llama?) Thank you for coming to Literacy Night. Have a PHENOMENAL time practicing Phonemic Awareness with your child. BOOK FAIR- Please visit the Book Fair on your way out.