Drawing Conclusions and Making Generalizations Power point

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Conclusions and Generalizations;
Analyze/Evaluate Lesson
They Called Her Molly Pitcher
Unit 3, Lesson 13
Day # 1
CREATED BY: M. CHRISTOFF,
ENRICHMENT SPECIALIST, FIELD LOCAL SCHOOLS
Objectives for Today
• Students will draw conclusions and
make generalizations from text
details.
• Students will analyze and evaluate
text evidence supporting
conclusions and generalizations.
Conclusion
A conclusion is
judgment reached
through reasoning.
Generalization
A generalization is broad
statement that is true
most of the time.
Analyze
To analyze is to examine
carefully and in detail to
identify causes, key factors,
and possible results.
Evaluate
To evaluate is to judge, or
determine the significance
of something.
Conclusions and Generalizations
 Good readers use clues in the
text and their own experiences to
draw conclusions and make
generalizations about details the
author has not revealed.
Conclusions and Generalizations
 We will use a Four-Square to
record details and draw
conclusions about the selection.
The Lantern Boy
(Projectable 13.2)
 “Go boy, light the lanterns! They’re
coming by sea! Hurry!” Paul Revere
shouted.
 Thomas rose sleepily from his bed.
Before he could think, Mr. Revere was
gone. As Thomas rubbed his eyes, it
began to sink in.
The Lantern Boy
(Projectable 13.2)
 “The lanterns… The lanterns!” he cried.
 Thomas sprang from his bed, barely
stopping to put on his shoes. He ran to
the church. He went over the
instructions in his mind. Mr. Revere had
said, “by sea.” That meant two lanterns
in the bell tower. He hung them quickly
The Lantern Boy
(Projectable 13.2)
 and held his breath. He could only hope
the Sons of Liberty would see the
signals and be warned that the British
were coming.
Think Aloud
 Paul Revere tells Thomas to light the
lanterns because the British are coming by
sea. They must have had a plan of action.
 When I analyze the text, I can gather strong
details, such as Thomas’s hope that the
Sons of Liberty would see the lanterns, to
support my conclusion that they had a plan.
Use a four-square map to keep track of text details and reach a
generalization about the selection.
(Projectable 13.2)
Detail # 1:
Mr. Revere told Thomas to
light the lanterns.
Detail #2:
Thomas ran to the church
and recalled the
instructions for “by sea.”
Conclusion: They
had a plan to warn
others about the
British.
Detail # 3:
Thomas hung two lanterns
in the tower.
Detail # 4:
Thomas hoped the Sons
of Liberty would see the
signals.
Conclusions and Generalizations;
Analyze/Evaluate Lesson
They Called Her Molly Pitcher
Unit 3, Lesson 13
Day # 2
CREATED BY: M. CHRISTOFF,
ENRICHMENT SPECIALIST, FIELD LOCAL SCHOOLS
Objectives for Today
• Students will draw conclusions and
make generalizations from text
details.
• Students will analyze and evaluate
text evidence supporting
conclusions and generalizations.
Conclusion
A conclusion is
judgment reached
through reasoning.
Generalization
A generalization is broad
statement that is true
most of the time.
Analyze
To analyze is to examine
carefully and in detail to
identify causes, key factors,
and possible results.
Evaluate
To evaluate is to judge, or
determine the significance
of something.
Conclusions and Generalizations
 Good readers use clues in the
text and their own experiences to
draw conclusions and make
generalizations about details the
author has not revealed.
Conclusions and Generalizations
 We will use a Four-Square to
record details and draw
conclusions that will help us
make generalizations about the
selection.
Think Aloud
(Generalizations and Conclusions)
p. 331
 One of the main characters is Mary Hayes,
whose nickname is Molly. I think this is
important. I will record this detail on my
Four-Square Map.
Think Aloud
(Characterization) p. 332
 Molly sees an opportunity to help the
soldiers. No one has told her what to do,
but she takes action anyway – even though
there is danger all around her. This is
information that can help me draw
conclusions about Molly Pitcher.
Think Aloud
Analyze/Evaluate
 Molly has decided to bring water to the
American soldiers who need it. I know that
it is hot and humid on the battlefield, so I’m
sure the water helps them. I think this is a
smart thing for Molly to do because the
British soldiers probably don’t have anyone
helping them this way.
HOW DID MOLLY PITCHER GET HER NAME?
P. 331.
(PROJECTABLE 13.4)
Detail # 1:
Her real name was Mary
Hayes, and her nickname
was Molly.
Detail #2:
The attack on Monmouth
Courthouse took place on
a hot and humid June day.
Conclusion: Many
soldiers knew Molly’s
name, and she helped
them during the battle.
Detail # 3:
Molly decided to bring a
pitcher of drinking water
to all the thirsty soldiers.
Detail # 4:
When the soldiers needed
a drink of water, they
called Molly over and
cried, “Pitcher!”
Think Aloud
(Conditions of Valley Forge)
Second Paragraph p. 330 – First Paragraph p. 331
 The details in these two paragraphs describe
the conditions of Valley Forge. It is very cold.
Soldiers do not have blankets or warm clothes,
and they lack food. Many are sick. Despite
these hardships, they stay there. I know when I
believe strongly in something, I will put up with
a lot to achieve a goal. Based on these details, I
can conclude that the soldiers believe strongly
in the cause they are fighting for.
Analyze the second paragraph of page 330 and the first paragraph of page 331.
What generalization/conclusion can you make about the soldier’s motivation to fight, based on
their winter at Valley Forge?
Pages 330-331 (Projectable 13.4)
Detail # 1:
Soldiers didn’t have
enough blankets.
Detail #2:
Soldiers didn’t have
enough clothing.
Conclusion:
Soldiers believed
strongly in their
cause.
Detail # 3:
Many soldiers got sick
and died.
Detail # 4:
Soldiers didn’t have
enough food.
Questions About Molly Pitcher
p. 332 – 335
 What does Molly do for the
soldiers?
 What does Molly risk when she does
this?
 What dangers does Molly face when
helping the wounded man?
What generalization/conclusion can you make about Molly Pitcher based on
her actions?
Pages 332-327 (Projectable 13.4)
Detail # 1:
Molly dodged enemy fire
to bring water to the
battlefield.
Detail #2:
She moved a wounded
man from the line of fire.
Conclusion:
Molly Pitcher was very
brave.
Detail # 3:
She took her husband’s
place at the cannon.
Detail # 4:
She stayed through the
entire battle.
What text evidence supports the generalization/conclusion that George Washington
was a good leader?
pp. 337-338
(Projectable 13.4a)
Detail # 1:
Washington’s horse is not
afraid of cannons.
Detail #2:
Washington was always
near his soldiers.
Conclusion:
George Washington
was a good leader.
Detail # 3:
Washington’s soldiers do
not doubt his judgment.
Detail # 4:
The soldiers accept
Molly’s rank as sergeant.
REVIEW OF CONCLUSIONS AND
GENERALIZATIONS
 Good readers use clues in the
text and their own experiences to
draw conclusions, analyze and
evaluate, and make
generalizations about details the
author has not revealed.

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