DAILY LIFE IN ANCIENT ATHENS AND SPARTA ATHENIAN MALE: BIRTH – ADOLESCENCE • When a baby boy is born in Athens, an olive leaf is pinned to the families door. • The newborn in shown to the family and community by the baby’s father. • When they are10 days old they are given their official name. • For the young boys of age 3, there is a day to mark the symbolic move into the “world of men.” • When a boy turns 6 years old, he goes to school for the first time. ATHENIAN MALE: ADOLESCENCE - ADULTHOOD • The young men continue schooling, but have additional lessons from their fathers teaching them to trade. • When they have the right to vote they are an official Athenian citizen. • Only men are given the right to vote, not women. ATHENIAN MALE: ADULTHOOD - DEATH • 40 years old is considered to be an “old man” in Athens. • Men had to be part of a jury duty in court. ATHENIAN FEMALE: BIRTH – ADOLESCENCE • When a baby girl is born in Athens, sheep’s wool is pinned on the front door. • Mothers teach their daughters household skills and how to be a good mother. • Unlike boys, girls do not go to school. • Girls learn a bit of reading and writing, but mainly how to run a household. ATHENIAN FEMALE: ADOLESCENCE - ADULTHOOD • When a girl turns 13 their childhood is officially over. • There is an event to celebrate becoming a women called Hestia. • The young women get married around the age of 14. • It is normal for a young woman to a much older man. • The girls of the household train the slaves. ATHENIAN FEMALE: ADULTHOOD - DEATH • Women are not allowed to have show themselves in a public place. • In autumn, there is a festival celebrated only by women. For 3 days they honor Demeter. • When a loved one has died, women cut their hair to pay respect to their family and the one who died. SPARTAN MALE: BIRTH – ADOLESCENCE • When baby boys are born in Sparta, they are taken to the meeting hall to be inspected. • They’re tested for strength and health. • The babies that do not pass the inspection are left to die. • When the boys turn 7, they are sent off to join the Agoge (The state’s education program). • Until they turn 12 they learn reading, writing, dancing, and music. • When they turn 12 they are taught military style. SPARTAN MALE: ADOLESCENCE – ADULTHOOD • The fathers of the young men begin teaching their sons to trade. • Once they are allowed to vote, they become an official citizen of Athens. • The men have the full rights of an Athenian citizen. • They must first train in the military service for 2 years. SPARTAN MALE: ADOLESCENCE - ADULTHOOD • When they turn 18, they are chosen to join the elite of Agoge. • By joining the elite of Agoge they will be trained to be especially tough and brutal. • When they reach the age of 20 they are a real man, an official soldier. • When a man wants to marry, they do it in secret because they cannot return home until they’re 30. SPARTAN FEMALE: BIRTH - ADOLESCENCE • When a baby girl is born in Sparta they are checked over by their mother. • They stay home with their mothers and the slaves. • The girls wear just a short chiton, but exercise naked. • They spend most of their time exercising, they’re always fit. • When they turn 13 they get to compete in the Heraia festival (an athletic event in honor of Hera). SPARTAN FEMALE: ADOLESCENCE - ADULTHOOD • At the age of 18, the young women is ready to marry. • After marriage comes children, when the women gets to be a Spartan mother. • The mothers and their children are well fed from the state. • Having plenty of food is what makes them fit. SPARTAN FEMALE: ADULTHOOD - DEATH • If the mother has a boy, he will go to war. • Her husband will come home, and they will live happily.