DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION Adapted from: Challenging Homophobia and Heterosexism: A K-12 Curriculum Resource Guide. Toronto District School Board, 2011. DIVERSTITY: o Belief that differences among people are accepted and celebrated rather than viewed as sources of separation. INCLUSION: o Belief that everyone, regardless of race, culture, religion, gender, language, disability, sexual orientation, or any other attribute is included as part of the whole. DISCRIMINATION: Any practice or behaviour, intentional or not, that has a negative effect on an individual or group. TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION: HARASSMENT/BULLYING Repeated negative or abusive actions carried out with the intent to harm the targeted child. It involves an imbalance of power where the child being bullied has trouble defending him or herself. Examples of Harassment/Bullying Include: o Gossiping/spreading rumors o Mocking, name-calling, teasing o Hitting, threatening, pushing o Graffiti, coercion, challenging others to do something embarrassing/dangerous TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION: STEREOTYPE A generalization or assumption about a certain group of people or an individual, usually made by someone who has had limited experience with that particular group Stereotyping is problematic because it is not accurate, puts people in a box, and causes people to prejudge individuals or groups. TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION: RACISM- Making generalizations (stereotyping) and/or treating a person or a group unfairly (discrimination) based on their skin colour, culture, or religion. TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION: SEXISM- Making generalizations (stereotyping) and/or treating a person or a group unfairly (discrimination) based on whether they are a girl/woman or boy/man. TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION: HOMOPHOBIA Making generalizations (stereotyping) and/or treating a person or a group unfairly (discrimination) who are thought of as gays/lesbians or bisexuals. Also, it is a fear or hatred of this group. CANADIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ACT (1985) All individuals have an equal opportunity to make for themselves the lives that they are able and wish to have without being hindered or prevented by discrimination based on: o o o o o o Race National or ethnic origin Colour Religion Age Sex o o o o o Sexual orientation Marital status Family status Disability Conviction that has been pardoned o Canadian Law protects people against discrimination. o Schools in Ontario have rules in place to prevent discrimination and harassment of students. o All students have the right to feel safe, accepted and included by everyone. -In the classroom -At recess or during breaks -During after-school activities -When they are out of school (at the mall, on Facebook…) CASE STUDY: Shakil has just moved to town and entered a new school. This year, he’s going into Grade 6. Shakil has always been shy and has a difficult time making new friends. In his old school, the other students liked him a lot. Many of them had been together since kindergarten. This school feels different. Although Shakil is pretty good at sports, he doesn’t really enjoy playing basketball or soccer. He is much more interested in reading science-fiction books and drawing pictures. CASE STUDY: In the third week at his new school, a couple of boys in his class started to tease and bug him. They call him sissy, weakling, and gay. The other day, one of them asked him if he was really a girl, ‘cause he sure acted like one. Another boy heard him and shouted out, “Maybe Shakil likes guys or something.” Shakil feels confused and angry. He’s never been treated this way before. CASE STUDY: CLASS DISCUSSION What Why is the problem in this story? are the students teasing Shakil? What is the name of this kind of unfair treatment? How do you think Shakil feels? BIOLOGICAL SEX AND GENDER: Biological Sex- Classification based on our anatomy or genetics. Male Intersex Female Gender- Describes the psychological and social meaning added to being a man or woman. Masculine Feminine IN OTHER WORDS. . . Sex is what is between your legs. Gender is what is between your ears. GENDER ROLES: What are the roles of men? What are the roles of women? What is the difference? What is the same? GENDER STEREOTYPES CLASS ACTIVITY: Are certain activities/ideas male or female? Do certain words/phrases describe males but not females? Do these words, phrases, activities and ideas change over time? DEFINITION: GENDER ROLE STEREOTYPING Thinking that boys can do only some things and should be interested in only some things just because they are boys. Thinking that girls can do only some things and should be interested in only some things just because they are girls. WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF GENDER ROLE STEREOTYPING? What happens when a boy cries or doesn’t like sports? What happens when a girl is really athletic and doesn’t care about her hair? What are some of the: • Ideas we have (stereotypes) • Attitudes we have (prejudice) • Behaviours we enact (discrimination) When someone doesn’t “fit” into these roles? WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF GENDER ROLE STEREOTYPING? Assumptions based on gender role stereotypes are usually untrue and can be harmful. They can make people who do not “fit” into the expected norms feel confused or bad about themselves, damaging their self-concept, and they can cause people to discriminate against and exclude those who are seen as “different”. They limit everyone. IDEAS TO HELP PROMOTE CHANGE ??? How do we go from this. . . To this. . .