Human Origins in Africa

Report
Chapter 1: Sec. 1
• Describe key scientific findings
about
human origins.
• List human achievements during the
Stone Age.
• Trace emergence of modern
humans.
• State discoveries about early
humans.
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Categorizing
Forming and
Supporting
Opinions
Making Inferences
Drawing
Conclusions
Recognizing Effects
Comparing
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Geography
Environment
Interaction
Synthesizing
❑ Interact with History
❑ Discuss MAIN IDEA: Fossil evidence shows that the
earliest humans originated in Africa and spread
across the globe.
❑ Discuss WHY IT MATTERS NOW : The study of early
human remains and artifacts helps in understanding
our place in human history.
Define the following Terms and Names
 ARTIFACT
 CULTURE
 HOMINID
 PALEOLITHIC AGE
 NEOLITHIC AGE
 TECHNOLOGY
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HOMO SAPIENS
PAGE 11
 QUESTIONS 3, 4 ,and 5
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What were the earliest Humans like?
Scientists use a variety of ways to research
and learn more about how, when and where
early humans developed.
Archaeologists are specially trained
scientists who work like detectives to
uncover the story of prehistoric people.
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Since prehistoric human did not have written
language
It is necessary to learn from existing evidence
left behind such as bones and artifacts.
Artifacts are human made objects such as
tools and
jewelry …. These items might hint at how
people lived,
worked, dressed, and perhaps if they had a
belief system
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Common Practices
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What people eat, wear, jewelry,
What sports or games they play
Tools and Technology
Social Customs
Work
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Shared Understandings
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Language
Symbols
Religion
Values
Arts, music
Political beliefs
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Social Organization
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Family
Class and caste structure
Relationships between individuals and community
Government
Economic systems
View of authority
Friends
Religion
Family
Media
Government
You
School
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1970’s in East Africa footprints found
resembling those of humans
Found by Dr. Mary Leakey these
prints belong to a hominid
now know as australopithecines
1974 Ethiopia Africa
The oldest human remains found
A female hominid
Lucy was only 1.1 m (3 ft. 7 in)
tall, weighed 29 kg (64 lbs.) and
looked somewhat like
a Common Chimpanzee
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2.5 million to 8000 BCE
Invention of tools, mastery of Fire,
development of Language
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Objectives: Students will
• List technological and artistic achievements
of the Paleolithic Age.
• Describe the Neolithic Revolution.
• Explain the growth of villages.
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Outlining
Analyzing Primary Sources
Making Inferences
Skill builder: Map
Summarizing
Discuss MAIN IDEA: The development of
agriculture caused an increase in population
and the growth of a settled way of life.
Discuss WHY IT MATTERS NOW: New methods
for obtaining food and the development of
technology laid the foundations for modern
civilizations.
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Nomad
Hunter-gatherer
Neolithic revolution
Slash and burn farming
Domestication
Page 19
Questions 3, 4, and 5
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Making of tools
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Wolf
Dog
Objectives
Students will
• Explain how villages grew into cities.
• List the characteristics of civilization.
• Describe how the city of Ur exemplifies
early civilizations
Summarizing
Drawing Conclusions
Making Inferences
Analyzing Causes
Recognizing Effects
Discuss MAIN IDEA: Prosperous farming
villages, food surpluses, and new
technology led to the rise of civilizations.
Discuss WHY IT MATTERS NOW:
Contemporary civilizations share the same
characteristics typical of ancient
civilizations.
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Civilization
Specialization
Artisan
Institution
Scribe
Cuneiform
Bronze Age
Barter
Ziggurat
Questions Page 23
Numbers 1, 3, 4, and 5
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How Civilization Develops
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4.
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Advanced Cities
Specialized Workers
Complex Institutions
Record Keeping
Advanced Technology
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Village or City is not determined by its size of
population but rather its design.
 City center to foster trade and markets
 Centers for religious observance
 Site for retail and trade shops
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Persons that do a particular job or task
artisan
Merchants
Soldiers
Priests
Scribes
Farmers
Weavers
Government officials
Metal workers
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Formal System of Government
Priests with official political and religious
authority; Religious ceremony
Education to train those in a specific job such
as scribes Need to learn established written
language cuneiform
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Potters Wheel
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Metal work---Bronze ( 88% copper 12% tin )
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How did the surplus of food help develop
specialization of work?
Why does a city such as Ur need a formal
Government?
Why did record keeping become important in
Ur?

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