AGE OF ABSOLUTISM FRANCE FRANCE After the break up of CHARLEMAGNE’S empire, France was under the feudal system CAPETIAN DYNASTY • 987 HUGH CAPET began it in PARIS • UNITED France through WARS • Monarchy ends with the FRENCH REVOLUTION FRANCE HUNDRED YEARS’ WAR (1337-1453) • France vs. ENGLAND • Promoted NATIONALISM in both countries • New weapons: LONG BOW • JOAN OF ARC - woman who led battles, was captured & burned at the stake • 1453 - END of the war was the end of the MIDDLE AGES FRANCE 1500’s: • France involved in severe RELIGIOUS wars • Wars between Catholics & HUGENOTS (French Protestants) • Most severe in 1572 ST. BARTHOLOMEW’S DAY MASSACRE FRANCE ABSOLUTISM: • Absolute KINGS & QUEENS who had complete AUTHORITY (power) over the government and LIVES of the people in their nation FRANCE GOAL: CONTROL every aspect of society • Absolute monarchs believed in DIVINE RIGHT • 1610 Louis XIII took over when his father Henry IV was killed • He was a WEAK king so he appointed a strong minister – Cardinal Richelieu – leader of the CATHOLIC CHURCH in France FRANCE GOAL: • Increased the power of the King by weakening the power of : 1. NOBLES 2. HUGUENOTS • RICHELEIU was the ACTUAL leader of France • By 1600’s France replaced SPAIN as the most powerful European nation – and it ruled by an ABSOLUTE monarch • Richeleiu’s efforts paved the way for the most powerful ruler in French history: LOUIS XIV FRANCE LOUIS XIV “THE SUN KING” (1638-1715): • 1643 - Louis XIV becomes King - 4 years old • Ruled for 72 YEARS • Because he was so young, the TRUE leader was Richelieu’s successor, MAZARIN -followed Richeleiu’s policies • Mazarin died in 1661 , and Louis took over at 22 http://vimeo.com/37593727 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IWQfb2vtxnA FRANCE: LOUIS XIV “THE SUN KING” • He demanded complete LOYALTY & OBEDIENCE • Proclaimed “L’etat, c’est moi” - “I AM THE STATE” FRANCE UNDER LOUIS XIV 1. Revoked the EDICT OF NANTES 2. LUXURY - used wealth for himself, not his people Ex. Built the Palace at VERSAILLES FRANCE UNDER LOUIS XIV Palace at Versailles: Used 36,000 laborers Present day cost: $2.5 BILLION FRANCE UNDER LOUIS XIV 3. MERCANTILISM Believed in importance of colonies (Canada) 4. CULTURE - promoted art, music, opera, ballet 5. MILITARY- built a strong army but led France into disastrous wars – few were successful 6. ECONOMY - France took on huge debt with high taxes • • • • • • • • • • WORKS CITED: Capet, Hugh. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/20140/media?assemblyId=166630>. “Joan of Arc at the Coronation of Charles VII in Reims Cathedral”. IMAGE. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. http://media1.school.eb.com/eb-media/92/60892-00453D4AF1E.jpg . Saint Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of . IMAGE. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. http://media2.school.eb.com/eb-media/30/130530-004-AFADA439.jpg . Wartburg.edu. Louis XIV of France.jpg. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Commons, 26 Aug. 2012. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Louis_XIV_of_France.jpg>. Louis XIII. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/49066/media?assemblyId=12687>. Louis XIV. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/49067/media?assemblyId=20874>. Largillière, Nicolas de: “Louis XIV and His Family”. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/49067/media?assemblyId=82291>. Versailles, Palace of. IMAGE. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://media2.school.eb.com/eb-media/06/5806-004-80AEFC3C.jpg>. Versailles, Palace of . IMAGE. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://media1.school.eb.com/eb-media/00/117600-004-139973FC.jpg>. Marie-Thérèse: marriage to King Louis XIV, 1660. IMAGE. Encyclopædia Britannica. Web. 15 May 2014. <http://media2.school.eb.com/eb-media/38/123938-004-CDF1334F.jpg>.