Youth Symposium - TrustedPartner

Report
Infant, Child, Youth and
Young Adult Symposium
“A Community Leaders’ Discussion”
September 25, 2013
Symposium Goal
To share information and identify actions and
programs to support the healthy growth,
development and education of children and
youth from prenatal to young adulthood.
Agenda
Symposium Goal & Agenda Overview
Jon Van Arnam
1:00-1:10
Opening Remarks and Self Introductions
Board Chairs
1:10-1:20
“Children Deserve Our Help to Succeed”
Tana Ebbole
1:20-1:30
Staff Presentations – “Demographics,
Key Factors & Recommendations”
Lisa Williams-Taylor
Marsha Guthrie
Keith Oswald
Mike Rodriguez
Mimi Coenen
1:30-2:10
Keynote Presentation – “Essential Life Skills” Ellen Galinsky
2:10-2:45
Refreshment Break
2:45-3:00
Facilitated Roundtable Discussion
Ellen Galinsky
3:00-4:30
Wrap-Up
Ellen Galinsky
4:30-4:45
Closing Remarks
Board Chairs
4:45-5:00
Keynote & Facilitator
Ellen Galinsky
• President and Co-Founder of
Families and Work Institute
Goal for Our Children and Youth
To support the healthy growth,
development and education of our
children and youth prenatal through
young adulthood so that they graduate
from high school and succeed in life.
Palm Beach County
• 77% of our children (high school seniors) are
graduating, leaving approximately 2,500 not
receiving a standard diploma annually
• 67% of all graduates go on to post-secondary
education, leaving approximately 3,000 who
do not
• 5.1% (3,273) of youth ages 16-19 are not
working and not in school
Over-Represented Populations
• Impoverished – 65%
• Black and Hispanic – 64% and 72%
• Exceptional Student Education (ESE) – 54%
• English Language Learners (ELL) – 47%
Cross-Sectional Input
• Steering committee and three subcommittees
• 50+ people
• 25+ organizations
Guiding Questions
• What framework should we use?
• What are the key factors impacting goal?
• What do these key factors look like in
Palm Beach County?
• What can we do to make a difference –
recommendations?
Child/Youth Framework
PrenatalBirth
3
Lead: Children’s
Services Council
Kindergarten
Entry
Third
Grade
Middle School
Entry
Lead: School District
High School
Entry
High School
Graduation
Lead: Criminal Justice Commission
& Workforce Alliance
22
Steps to Success
Graduation
&
successful
entry to
adulthood
Career
readiness
Connectedness
Ready for
school
Effective
parenting
Healthy
births
Secure
attachment
to caregivers
• Late or no
Prenatal care
Safe &
nurturing
families &
communities
• Toxic Stress
 Depression
 Substance Abuse
 Exposure to violence
Prosocial
adolescent
behaviors
Meeting
educational
standards
•
•
•
•
Poor school attendance
Non-proficient readers
Discipline referrals/suspensions
Not connected
• DJJ Referrals
• Teen pregnancy
• Adolescents
substance use
• Idle youth (not
working and not in
school)
Key Prenatal-Five Factors
Impacting Goal
• Prenatal care
• Parenting
• Toxic stress
• Depression
• Substance abuse
• Exposure to violence
• School readiness
Key Factor: Prenatal Care
• Prenatal care access - healthy babies and
developmental delays
• Preterm birth - third grade reading and math
performance
• Low and very low birthweight - poor school
performance and chronic health issues.
• In PBC, the rate of late or no prenatal care
access is 6.9% compared to 4.8% for Florida
Key Factor: Parenting
• Secure, stable, supportive relationships brain development and school readiness
• Parenting skills and knowledge of child
development - protective factors
• Sensitive and responsive parent/child
relationships - cognitive skill development
Key Factor: Toxic Stress
Depression & Substance Abuse
• Toxic stress - brain architecture and impact on
learning, behavior, and physical and mental
health
• Depression - children’s behavior, IQ scores,
impulsivity, and developmental delays
• Postpartum Depression is estimated to occur in
approximately 10 to 20 percent of new mothers –
2,100 in PBC
• 2nd highest maltreatment type (verified) in PBC –
“Substance Misuse” (302 cases - 21% in 2012)
Key Factor: Toxic Stress
Exposure to Violence
• Exposure to violence - depression, post-traumatic
stress disorder, substance abuse, poor physical health,
and poor academic achievement
• Emotional stability, self-regulation, problem solving
skills and resilience are negatively affected by
maltreatment
• 1,207 children (0-5) were abused and neglected in PBC
in 2012
• “Family Violence Threatens Child” was the most
common maltreatment type (verified) in PBC (619 cases
- 42% in 2012)
Key Factor: School Readiness
• Strongest predictors of later school achievement kindergarten-entry (math, reading, and attention skills)
• 30% of our children are not ready based on
kindergarten assessments
• Preschool participants (3 & 4 year olds)
• h High school completion
• i School dropout
• i Juvenile arrests
• i Grade retention
• i Special education
Prenatal-Five
Importance of First Five Years
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oJg_KrPDNjY&feature=c4-overview&list=UUuf2Cqyx9J6LccjVbF8DV2g
Kindergarten to High School
Key School Factors Impacting Goal
• Reading proficiency
• Attendance
• Discipline and suspensions
• Connectedness
Key Factor: Reading Proficiency
Reading on Grade Level
• About 16 % of children who are not reading
proficiently by the end of third grade do not graduate
from high school on time, a rate four times greater
than that for proficient readers.
• For children who were poor for at least a year and
were not reading proficiently, the proportion failing
to graduate rose to 26%.
• For children who were poor, lived in neighborhoods
of concentrated poverty and not reading proficiently,
the proportion jumped to 35%.
Key Factor: Reading Proficiency
• 54% of 3rd Grade Students
• 58% of 10th Grade Students
Key Factor: Attendance
• Chronic absence in kindergarten was
associated with lower performance in 1st grade
• Research shows this gap of lower academic
performance continues through high school
• Kids who miss more than 10 days
of school are 20% less likely to
graduate from high school
Key Factor: Attendance
Myths
Barriers
Absences are only
a problem if they
are unexcused
Lack of access to
health care
Sporadic versus
consecutive
absences aren’t a
problem
Poor
transportation
Attendance only
matters in the
older grades
No safe
path to school
Aversion
Child struggling
academically
Lack of engaging
instruction
Poor school climate
and ineffective
school discipline
Parents had
negative school
experience
Provided by:
Key Factor: Attendance
How many students miss more than 10
days annually?
•
•
•
•
26% of students in elementary school
14% of students in middle school
12% of students in high school
Approximately 6% of students K-12 are
missing more than 20 days of school a year
Key Factor: Discipline & Suspensions
Florida Study on Suspensions and
Graduations
• 75% - never suspended, graduated on time
• 52% - suspended once, graduated on time
• 38% - suspended twice, graduated on time
Source: Florida Study on Suspensions and Graduation
Key Factor: Discipline & Suspensions
Discipline Referrals
• High School
• i from 41,601 in FY12 to 33,335 in FY 13
• Middle School
• i from 40,208 in FY 12 to 27,278 in FY 13
• Elementary
• i from 15,839 in FY 12 to 11,282 in FY 13
Key Factor: Connectedness
Students Who Feel Connected
• Feel like they belong
• Less likely to use substances, exhibit emotional
distress, demonstrate violent or deviant behavior,
attempt suicide, and become pregnant, etc.
• Less likely to skip school or be involved in fighting,
bullying, and vandalism. These students are more
likely to succeed academically and graduate.
Key Factor: Connectedness
• If I need to, I can talk to at least one adult about
personal problems
• 82% in elementary school
• 72% in middle school
• 65% two years ago
• 70% in high school
• 59% two years ago
Key Factor: Connectedness
My family encourages me to participate
in clubs, groups or team activities
• 81% in elementary school
• 75% in secondary school
Kindergarten to High School
http://www.boostup.org/en/students#ebony
High School to 22
Key Young Adult Factors Impacting Goal
• Connectedness
• DJJ referrals
• High risk behaviors
• Teen pregnancy
• Substance use
• Idle youth
• Career readiness
Key Factor: Connectedness
2012 Total Population 0 – 12 vs. July 2012- June 2013 Children Receiving
Subsidized Child Care and Afterschool Services in Palm Beach County
250,000
225,000
200,000
175,000
150,000
125,000
100,000
75,000
50,000
25,000
0
190,102
16,288
Total Population 0 - 12
Children Receiving Subsidized
Source: Palm Beach Early Learning Coalition
Childcare and Afterschool
• In 2012, 8.6% of Palm Beach County’s 0-12 population received subsidized
child care and afterschool services
Key Factor: Connectedness
School Year 2012-2013 Slots Available for
After School Programs 6th- 12th Graders
120,000
100,000
98,991
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
5,232
0
Total Number of Students
Total Number of Slots Available
Source: Palm Beach County School District, CJC Community Survey, 2013
• In 2012-2013, there were afterschool slots available to accommodate 5%
of the student population.
Key Factor: DJJ Referrals
• Over the past five years, DJJ referrals decreased by
roughly one-third.
• Predictably, the Juvenile Detention Center population
also decreased during that same period.
• This can be attributed to a reduction in juvenile crime
on a national, state, and local level, coupled with the
implementation of innovative crime prevention and
diversion initiatives.
• One in five juveniles processed at the Juvenile
Assessment Center is for Domestic Violence.
Key Factor: High Risk Behaviors
• Nationally, 70% of teen mothers DO NOT earn a
high school diploma.
• 38% of PBC High School youth used alcohol
compared to 33.9% statewide as self reported.
• Adolescent marijuana users are 2.3% more likely
to drop out than their non-using peers.
Key Factor: Idle Youth (16-19)
• Not working, not in school – “Disconnected”
• 3,273 in a one-year period, trending
unfavorably
• Economic impact on society and youth
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, 2009, 2010, & 2011
Key Factor: Career Readiness
Career Readiness
Recommendations
Steps to Success
Recommendations
Programs/Services
1. Expand assessments for maternal depression (e.g.,
general practitioners, OBs, pediatricians)
2. Launch a community wide public awareness
campaign focused on empowering parents and
caregivers
3. Continue literacy-based initiatives that begin in early
childhood through high school and beyond
4. Universally offer transition programs in every school
(entry into kindergarten, 6th, 9th, and post-graduate)
5. Increase access to quality pre-school and afterschool
programs
Recommendations
Programs/Services
6. Identify dedicated staff at each school to help get atrisk children to needed services
7. Build more opportunities to reconnect disconnected
youth to education (including trades) and
employment opportunities
8. Expand the use of evidence-based programs focused
on key factors
9. Increase awareness of domestic violence services
and shelters in our community that serve juveniles
and families, including pets
Recommendations
Infrastructure:
1. Create and sustain a management infrastructure to act as
convener, organizer, and facilitator for collaboration focused
on youth and young adults
2. Support and enhance a database and resource assessment to
ensure the right people get to the most appropriate
programs/services by:
• Leveraging technology to establish real-time mapping of
available community resources including:
• Descriptions of programs, target populations and how to
access programs/services
3. Develop a community research and evaluation structure to
determine program effectiveness
Questions
Thank you,
Criminal Justice Commission, Palm Beach County
Children’s Services Council of Palm Beach County
The School District of Palm Beach County
Workforce Alliance
Keynote & Facilitator
Ellen Galinsky
• President and Co-Founder of
Families and Work Institute

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