ISER_Presentation - Institute for Social and Environmental

Report
Institute for Social and
Environmental Research-Nepal
Fulbari, Chitwan
Improving Human Lives and Environmental Conditions
Introduction
• Established in 2001 to address complex challenges
on key social and environmental issues facing
Nepal through high quality scientific research.
• A non-profit, non-partisan, independent non-
governmental research and development
organization.
Introduction
Goal
To build social and environmental research
capacity to improve human lives and
environmental conditions through high quality
scientific research, policy advocacy, and effective
program interventions.
Approach
A three-pronged,
interlinked approach
Research Goals
•
To assess the influence of rapid changes in the
ecological context on population processes, with a
special emphasis on the process of family
formation, urbanization, children's well-being, and
population growth.
•
To assess the influence of changing demographic
parameters, particularly related to population
growth, migration, and family formation, on the
ecological context.
Training Goals
•
To train Nepali social scientists in state-of-the-art
social and environmental science research
methods.
•
To train social and environmental science students,
scholars and researchers in developing context
specific research methods .
Institutional Goals
•
To create, strengthen and institutionalize technical
capability and research infrastructure for social
demographic and environmental research in
Nepal.
•
To develop strong institutional links with
Universities and research organizations around the
world that will be the basis for cooperative
research and training programs.
Priority Areas
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Population Dynamics
Population and Environmental Dynamics
Education and Empowerment
Livelihoods Support
Social Justice and Good Governance
Capacity Building
Research Programs
Social Research
Programs
Environmental
Research Programs
SOCIAL RESEARCH
PROGRAMS
Research Ethics

ISER-N Respects Right to Individual Privacy and Freedom.

Participation in All Research Programs is Voluntary.

All Research Programs are Reviewed and Approved by the
Institutional Review Board (IRB).

Respondent Confidentiality is Maintained in Every Step of
Research Processes (Data Collection, Data Entry, and
Analysis) with Highest Possible Standards.
2: Research Design
Case Controlled Comparison
2: Research Design
2.1 Multilevel
2.2 Longitudinal Panel
2.3 Mixed Method Data Collection
2.4 Multi Mode Data Collection
Multi-level
Community Level
Household Level
Individual Level
Longitudinal Panel
Community Level
Community Level
Household Level
Household Level
Individual Level
Individual Level
Time 1
Time 2
Time n
RESEARCH- METHODS
MIXED METHODS:
ARCHIVAL
ETHNOGRAPHY
COGNITIVE INTERVIEW
FOCUS GROUP INTERVIEW
PURPOSIVE GROUP INTERVIEW
INDIVIDUAL – SURVEY, CLINICAL
GIS/GPS, REMOTE SENSING
CAMARA TRAPING
LABORATORY
RESEARCH- MODES
MIXED MODES:
VAST MAJOTIRY FACE TO FACE
PAPER AND PENCIL BASED
RECENTLY TELEPHONE
GIS/GPS, REMOTE SENSING
CAMARA TRAPING
LABORATORY
MEASUREMENT
Retrospective
Panel
Neighborhood
History Calendar
(NHC) 1950-1995
Neighborhood
History Calendar
Updates 1996-2006
Neighborhood
History Calendar
Updates 2012
Household
Census Agri. &
Cons.
Survey 1996
Household Agri. & Household Agri.
Cons. Survey, 2000 & Cons. Survey,
2012
& 2006
Individual
Interview with Life
History Calendar
(LHC) 1996
Individual
Interview with Life
History Calendar
(LHC) 2008
Individual
Interview with Life
History Calendar
(LHC) 2012
Demographic Events Registration 1997 …
Example of Schooling
Year
NHC measure
Distance to
nearest school
LHC measure
School enrollment
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
90
90
60
60
60
0
0
0
0
0
1976
1977
1978
60
30
30
0
1
1
Social Research Programs
Population Health
 Elderly Health and Wellbeing (1998, 2007)
 Armed Conflict, Family Change and Mental Health (2009)
 HIV/AIDS and Later Life Health and Wellbeing (2009)
Family Change and Fertility
 Changing Social Context and Family Formation (1995, 2006,
2012)
 Developmental Idealism (2003)
 Marital Dynamics (2004)
 Religion and Family Life (2007)
 Menstruation and Education (2006- 2008)
 Ideational Influences on Family (2008)
 Household Registry System (1997- ongoing)
 Contraceptive Use Survey (1997-ongoing)
Social Research Programs
Migration
 Armed Conflict and Migration (2009-2010)
 Migrants to the Gulf Cooperation Council
Countries: Values, Behaviors and Plans
(2009-2010)
Population and Environmental Relationships
 Household Agriculture and Consumption
(1996, 2001, 2006)
 Seasonal Agriculture (1997-1999)
On-going Social Research





Ideational Influences on Family
Migrants to the Gulf Cooperation Council
Countries: Values, Behaviors and Plans
Caste/Ethnicity influence on Group
Participation
Household Registration System
Contraceptive Use Survey
MIGRATION
International
Internal
1360 Individuals in 41 countries
Destination
986 individuals in 51 districts
Research Projects
S.N.
Research Areas
Year
Funding Agency
Associated UM Faculty Staff
1
Chitwan Valley Family Study: Changing
Social Context and Family Formation
1995,
2006
NICHD
William G. Axinn, Dirgha
Ghimire, Susan A. Murphy, Arland
Thornton
2
Chitwan Valley Family Study: Ideational
Influence on Marriage and Childbearing
2008
NICHD
Arland Thornton, William G.
Axinn, Jennifer Barber, Dirgha
Ghimire
3
Reciprocal Relationships between
Population and Environment
1996,
2001,
2006
NICHD
William G. Axinn, Jennifer Barber,
Dirgha Ghimire
4
Intergenerational Influences on Family
Formation in a Changing Social Context
2007
NICHD
William G. Axinn, Arland
Thornton, Dirgha Ghimire,
Jennifer Barber
5
Partnership in International Research and
Education (PIRE) Collaborative Research
and Training in Social Context, Population
Processes, and Environmental Change
2007
NSF
William G Axinn, Dirgha Ghimire
6
Marital Processes, Husband-Wife
Relationships and Fertility Limitation
2009
NICHD
Dirgha Ghimire, William G.
Axinn, Prem Bhandari
7
Migrants to the Gulf Cooperation
Council Countries: Values, Behaviors,
and Plans
2009
Center for International
and Regional Studies of the
Georgetown University of
Foreign Service in Qatar
Arland Thornton, Dirgha Ghimire
Research Projects
Contd….
S.N.
Research Areas
Year
Funding Agency
Associated UM Faculty Staff
8
Innovative Methods for Obtaining Survey
Data from Migrants
2010
NICHD
Arland Thornton, Dirgha Ghimire,
Prem Bhandari
9
Elderly Health and Wellbeing
1998,
2006
MiCDA, University of
Michigan
Amy Pienta, William Axinn,
Dirgha Ghimire
10
Armed Conflict, Family Change, and
Mental Health
2009
PSC and the Global Health
Research and Training
Initiatives, University of
Michigan
William G Axinn, Dirgha Ghimire
11
HIV/AIDS and Later Life Health and
Wellbeing
2009
MiCDA, University of
Michigan
William G Axinn, Dirgha Ghimire
12
Developmental Idealism Pilot Survey
2003
PSC Small Grant,
University of Michigan
Arland Thornton, Dirgha Ghimire
13
Marital Dynamic
2004
PSC Small Grant,
University of Michigan
Dirgha Ghimire, William G. Axinn,
Lynette Hoelter
14
Menstruation and Education
2006,
2008
Becker Center, University of
Chicago
Rebecca Thornton
15
Tiger-Human Interaction Study
2010
Michigan State University
Neil Carter
Research Projects
Contd….
S.N.
Research Areas
Year
Funding Agency
Associated Faculty Staff
16
Fuelwood Consumption Survey
2009
San Diego State University
Alex Zvoleff
17
Ecosystem Services and Population
Change
2010
San Diego State University,
Alex Zvoleff
2011
Nepal Academy of Science and
Technology
Binoj Shrestha, ISER-N
18
Impact of Mikania micrantha on Natural
Forest
19
Investigation of Indoor Solid Fuel and
Kerosene Use as Tuberculosis Risk
Factors
2012
NICHD
Michael Bates, Kirk Smith,
Sharat K. Verma
20
CNH: Feedbacks between Human
Community Dynamics and Socioecological Vulnerability
2012
NSF
Scott Yabiku, Dirgha Ghimire,
Sharon Hall, Sean Murphy. Li
Ann, Jennifer Glick, A. York
21
Marital Relationship Dynamics
2012
PSC Small Grant, University of
Michigan
Dirgha Ghimire
22
Documenting Distribution and Trends of
Developmental Idealism in Nepali
Textbooks
2012
PSC Small Grant, University of
Michigan
Dirgha Ghimire, Arland Thornton
23
Measurement of Remittance Use in a
Remittance Dependent Economy
2012
PSC Small Grant, University of
Michigan
Prem Bhandari, Dirgha Ghimire
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
PROGRAMS
Environmental Research Programs
Study of Reciprocal Relation
between
Population and Environment
Environmental Research Programs
Land Use
Flora Diversity
Groundwater
Quality
1, Population and Environmental Research; The Reciprocal Relationship
Between Population and Environment
1.1. Flora Research (1996, 2000, 2006)
1.2. Land Use Mapping (1996, 2000, 2006)
1.3. Household Consumption and Agriculture Survey (1996, 2000, 2006)
2, Partnership in International Research and Education
1.1. Tiger Human Interaction Study (2009-2010)
1.2. Ecosystem Services and Population Change (2009)
1.3. Mapping Wildlife Habitat in Chitwan (2011)
1.4. Climate change, vulnerability and adaption in Chitwan Valley (2011)
3, Invasion Ecology
3.1. Impact of Mikania micrantha invasion in Chitwan National Park (2011)
4. Others:
4.1. Arsenic Test in drinking water (2004),
4.2. Documentation of traditional knowledge on biodiversity (2003, 2007) and
4.3. Sagarmatha seed bank Feasibility study (2010)
Environmental Sample
On-going Environmental Research




Fuelwood Use Pattern and Biomass
Availability
Community Forest Management System
Tiger human interaction in Chitwan
Recording Geographic location of
Conflict incidents and prepare GIS map
Flora Research: Data Collection
1) Research plots (Total research plots – 265)
a) Barandabhar Buffer Zone Forest - 62
b) Chitwan National Park (CNP) – 34
c) Forest along the Narayani River – 21
d) Grassland in CNP – 10
d) Common Land – 138
2) Data
a) Plot information
b) Plant information
1953
1978
Land Use Change in Chitwan
Land Use Mapping: Data Collection
1) Finding the Neighborhood Location and Boundary
Total Neighborhoods- 171
2) Data Collection

GPS Information of boundary points

Measure Distance and Bearing
of Neighborhood boundary and

perimeter of all land use categories.
Land Use Mapping
Household Consumption and Agriculture Survey:
Data Collection
 Household Survey- 151 NBH (1996, 2000,
2006)
 Study of
 Agriculture, disease and pests
 Animal Husbandry
 Physical Facilities (Consumption)
 Experience and perception on
Environmental Change
 Family Economics
38
Tiger-Human Interaction Survey (2009)
1) Camera Trapping of Tiger
2) Tiger Tolerance Survey
3) Community Forest Mapping and Survey
Camera
Tiger-Human Interaction Study (2009)
Bear with cubs
Chittal
Tiger
Leopards
Rhinoceros
People carrying grass
Ecosystem Services and Population Change (2010)

Fuelwood Consumption Survey




Fuelwood use
Demand and
Supply
Forest Biomass Research



Tree species diversity
Demography and
Woody biomass estimation
Mapping Wildlife Habitat in Chitwan (2011)
 Study of land cover change of wildlife habitat in Barandabhar
Forest, Chitwan.
 Objective: Produce a high-resolution land cover map Barandabar
forest from the satellite imagery and Quantify land cover change
(excluding urban/agricultural areas) from 2000-2010.
 Data collected from the 150 GPS points in Barandabhar Forest
 Status: Data Collection completed and in the stage of analysis
Impact of Mikania micrantha invasion in Chitwan
National Park (2011)
Funded by Nepal Academy of Science and Technology
(NAST) and ISER-N
Objective: To study the impact of invasive plant Mikania
micrantha in forest and grasslands of Chitwan National
Park
Status: Data Collection completed and in the stage of
analysis
DATA PROCESSING AND
MANAGEMENT
Data Collected
Community Histories (1995, 2006)
School Histories(1995, 2006)
Health Histories (1995, 2006)
Household Interview (1996, 2000, 2006)
8
Household Registry Interview (1997- to date) 18
Individual Interviews
7
Flora (1996, 2000, 2006)
Camera Trapping
45
Data Processing
 Data
Collected from the Field are Checked by
Research Supervisor
 Development of Data Entry Protocols
 Codebook Design
 Each Research Instrument then Coded by an
Independent Coder
 User Friendly Data Entry Program Designed
as to the Research Instrument
Data Processing

Each Interview is Entered Two to Three Times
 Data Entry Program are Designed to Check Keying
Discrepancies to Minimize Data Entry Errors
 Internal and External Consistency Checking
 Ready for Analysis
Data Release For Public
Strict Policy of Safeguarding Respondent’s Privacy
and Confidentiality
 Instrument Containing Identifying Information are
Stored Separately and Safely in a Highly Secure
(Locked) Room
 Identifying Information is Carefully Removed from
the Data
 Data is Released to Public Worldwide through
Different Outlets

Data Archive And Dissemination

Data are Archived and Disseminated through ISER-N
Office at Fulbari, Chitwan and the Inter-University
Consortium for Political and Social Research
(ICPSR) at the University of Michigan
http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/DSDR/STUDY/
04538.xml
PUBLICATIONS
PUBLICATIONS & PRESENTATIONS
● Over 62 Scientific Articles Published in World
Class Peer-reviewed Journals
● Over 50 Articles Published through Other Outlets
and as Resource Manuals
● 12 PhD/MSc Dissertations/Theses from the US
Universities
● Five Research Briefs/Policy Briefs
● Over 50 Presentations at National and
International Conferences
DATA ACCESS/AVAILABILITY
The Data is Available at Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
at the University of Michigan:
http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/
TRAINING
Nepali Students, Scholars and
Research Staff Trained
By Training Type
Summer Institute Courses, Survey Research
Center, University of Michigan
Long-term Academic Training
Other Seminar and Workshops
37
12
4
12 of these 37 (32%) individuals completed PhD and MS in the United States
54
US Students and Post Doctoral Fellows Field
Training in Nepal
Students and Post Doctoral Fellows
Undergraduate Students
8
Graduate Students
18
Post Doctoral Fellows/Junior Faculty
7
55
On Site Training
Training , Workshop and
Seminars
Participants
Data Users’ Workshops
73
Training on Survey
Research Techniques
140
Seminars and Symposium
70
Trainers’ Training on General
Interviewing Technique 2010
A Symposium on Social Science in the Public
Interest: Building Foundation for New Nepal
Data Users’ Workshop 2010 Participants
Capacity Building Programs…
International Participation in Training Programs
North
America
England
(1)
Europe
Netherlands
(2)
USA
(28)
Asia
Japan
(1)
Nepal
Pakistan
(15)
Bangaladesh
(3)
Africa
South
America
Legend
Country of participants
Australia
RESEARCH
INFRASTRUCTURE
Human Resources
Human Resources
RESEARCH STAFF
ADMINSTRATIVE STAFF
Study Manager
Research Associate
Computing Manager
Research Supervisors
Assistant Supervisors
Team Leaders
Interviewers
Data Entry Staff
1
1
1
3
3
4
31
6
Total
50
Executive Officer
Account Officer
Logistic Assistant
Supporting Staff
Total
1
1
1
5
8
Ethnically Diverse Research Staff
Caste/Ethnicity Breakdown of Staff at ISER-N, 2010
Newar
(12%)
Lower Caste Hindu
(5%)
High Caste Hindu
(40%)
Hill Indigenous
(20%)
Terai Indigenous
(23%)
ISER-N Researchers

Dr. Dirgha Jibi GhimireExecutive Director, Ph.D. Sociology, the
University of Michigan, USA

Dr. Prem Bahadur Bhandari Research Scientist, Ph.D. Rural
Sociology and Demography, the Pennsylvania State University,
USA

Dr. Dharma Raj Dangol Research Scientist, Ph.D. Natural
Science, University of Vienna, Austria

Ms. Meeta S. Pradhan Assistant Research Scientist,
currently a Ph.D. student of Social Demography, the
University of Michigan
ISER-N Researchers…

Dr. Nabaraj Devkota, Research Scientist, Ph.D. Natural
Resource Management, Massey University, New Zealand

Mr. Binoj Kumar Shrestha, Research Associate, M.Sc.
Biodiversity and Environmental Management, Tribhuvan
University, Nepal and University of Bergen, Norway

Dr. Humanath Bhandari Research Scientist, Ph.D. Agricultural
Economics, University of Philippines at Los Banos, the
Philippines

Mr. Ram Prasad Luitel, Program Advisor, M.S. Natural
Resource Management, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand

Dr. Harish Chandra Neupane Medical Scientist, MBBS, MS,
FICS

Dr. Chandra Prakash Sedai, Medical Scientist, MD, Tribhuvan
University, Nepal
International Collaborators
Dr. William G. Axinn, Professor, Department of Sociology, and Director,
Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research at the University of
Michigan, Ann Arbor Michigan, USA
Dr. Jennifer Barber, Professor, Department of Sociology, and Research
Professor, Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan,
Ann Arbor Michigan, USA
Dr. Arland Thornton, Professor, Department of Sociology, and Research
Professor, Population Studies Center, Institute for Social Research at the
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
Dr. Lisa D. Pearce, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology,
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
Dr. Emily Oster, Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Business, The
Becker Center, University of Chicago, USA
International Collaborators..
Dr. Rebecca Thornton, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics,
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Dr. Scott T. Yabiku, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology,
Arizona State University, USA
Dr. Amy Pienta, Associate Research Scientist, ICPSR, University of
Michigan, USA
Dr. Jack Liu, Professor, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan
State University, USA
Dr. Li An, Associate Professor, Department of Geography, San Diego
State University, USA
Institutional Collaborations in
Nepal










Nepal Bote Society, Madi, Chitwan
Sewange Village Chepang Women Group, Shaktikhor,
Chitwan
Darai Utthan Samaj, Mangalpur, Chitwan
Tharu Janjagriti Youth Club, Bangai, Shardanagar
Kumal Society of Sisabas, Meghauli
Bhangerithan Child Development Society, Kabhreghat,
Mangalpur
Mohana Secondary School, Mohana
Bachhauli Secondary School, Bachhauli
Bharatpur Secondary School, Bharatpur
Nepal Rashtriya Shamsher Adarsha Secondary School,
Gaindakot
Institutional Collaborations in
Nepal…

Society for Environmental and Educational Development,
Fulbari, Chitwan
 Nepal Federation for Indigenous Nationalities, Kathmandu
 Nepal Family Planning Association, Bharatpur
 Ecological Services Center, Bharatpur
 IUCN-the World Conservation Union, Kathmandu
 Kathmandu University, Kavre, Dhulikhel, Kavre
 Tribhuvan University, Institute of Agriculture and Animal
Science, Rampur, Chitwan
 District Developmental Committee, Bharatpur, Chitwan
 District Education Office, Bharatpur, Chitwan
Institutional Collaborations
Abroad







The University of Michigan
The Pennsylvania State University, USA
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
The Becker Center, University of Chicago, USA
Michigan State University, USA
Arizona State University, USA
San Diego State University, USA
Physical Infrastructure






Two-story office building with training hall,
meeting hall, coding room, library, several office
rooms
Guest house
Highly secure computing facility
Telephone survey facility
Back up energy supply and climate control
equipment
5 field offices
Future Plans
Provide social science research expertise
2. Institutionalize and strengthen scientific and
high quality social science research in Nepal
3. Support action research initiatives
4. Promote analytical discourse on evidencebased policy analysis and feedback
1.
Chitwan Valley Family Study
(CVFS)
71

similar documents