Folk and Popular Culture AP Human Geography This unit covers…. • • • • Ch. 4- Folk and Popular Culture (2 weeks) Ch. 5- Language (1 week) Ch. 6- Religion (2 weeks) Ch. 7- Ethnicity (1 week) • 6 weeks total Cultural Landscape • Review: What is meant by cultural landscape? • The impact of human activity/ culture on the natural landscape of a place. Folk vs. Popular Culture Folk Culture Popular Culture Practiced by small groups Isolated/ regional Small scale Remains the same over time. • Gives groups of people unique identities. • Practiced by large parts of society • Large scale/ widespread • Through globalization, spreads quickly. • May change rapidly • May threaten folk culture • • • • Folk vs. Popular Culture: Clothing Kente Cloth Popular fashion Folk vs. Popular Culture: Music Irish Folk Music World renowned band U2 Folk vs. Popular Culture: Housing Typical suburban box house New England Cape Cod Folk vs. Popular Culture: Dance Footworking (Chicago) Electric Slide Folk vs. Popular Culture: Food Popular in Chicago Popular Worldwide Folk vs. Popular Culture: Sports American Football (popular in the U.S.) Football/ Futbol/ Soccer (most popular sport globally) Material vs. Non-material culture Material Culture Non-material Culture • The things people construct. ▫ Art ▫ Housing ▫ Clothing ▫ Music ▫ Sports ▫ Food • Beliefs, practices, and values of a group of people. ▫ Religion ▫ Government ▫ Laws/rules The Diffusion of Culture Folk Culture Popular Culture • Diffuses primarily through relocation of a group. • Ex. The Amish ▫ Originally migrate from Europe to the U.S. (Pennsylvania, NY, Ohio) ▫ Do not use modern technology, inc. electricity or autos • Hierarchical diffusion • Ex. Spread of fashion through hearths, models, celebs, etc. Cultural Taboo • A restriction on a certain behavior within a culture • • • • • Use of electricity in Amish culture Pre-marital sex in most religions. Eating of beef in Hindu cultures. Women showing skin in strict Arab cultures. Committing a taboo may result in punishment, embarrassment, shunning, or shame. Cultural Taboos Terms Related to Culture • Acculturation ▫ When a less dominant culture adopts traits of a more influential one. • Assimilation ▫ Those exposed to a new culture completely lose their original cultural identity. • Ethnocentrism ▫ Judging another culture by the standards of your own culture, implying that your culture is superior. • Cultural Relativism ▫ Judging a culture by it’s own standards.