Chapters 4, 5 & 6 By Cadence Chapter 4 - Ecosystems The Nature of Ecology The Earth's Life-Support Systems Ecosystem Components Energy Flow in Ecosystems Primary Productivity of Ecosystems Soils Matter Cycling in Ecosystems How Do Ecologists Learn About Ecosystems? Back to Bio: A Crap-ton of Definitions - Welcome to your Sophomore Year - back to memorization Admit it, you've all misspelled it - organisms Not to be confused with that-thing-you-lacked-in-high-school - populations - "Totally Spherical, Dude" - interactions in ecosystems - Energy Sources - it doesn't just come from CMP - Energy Movement - it moves through an ecosystem like taco bell. "C'mon, now they're just making up prefixes!" - the biogeochemical cycles Big Fish eat Little Fish - food webs & trophic levels & energy movement - Diversity - Not just important in your college decision - The Dirt on Dirt - your 411 on all things earthy ABC's in Bed) (Acronym: Oh, the http://library.thinkquest.org/C004535/media/eukaryote_plant.gif http://fedediegosebasdavid.wikispaces.com/file/view/ecosystem.jpg/220360802/ecosystem.jpg Law of Tolerance The existence, abundance and distribution of a species is determined by whether the levels of physical or chemical factors fall within the range tolerated by that species. Limiting Factor Principle http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/102/ecycle.gif Too much or too little of any abiotic factor can limit or prevent growth of a population, even if all other factors are at optimum levels. http://www.theozonehole.com/images/atmosphere_02.jpg http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamental s/images/lithosphere.gif http://brighterfuturechallenge. com/wpcontent/uploads/2012/05/bios phere.gif http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/research/themes/carb on/img/carboncycle.gif http://www.h2ou.com/h2images/NitrogenCycle-lgr-F.jpg http://bio1152.nicerweb.com/Locked/media/ch55/55_14dPhosphorusCycle-L.jpg http://sulfurcycle.tripod.com/webonmediacontents/1947024.gif?1322532486925 http://biologytb.net23.n et/text/chapter36/36im ages/36-02.gif http://morriscourse.com/elements_of_ecology/images/soil_horizon s_diagram.jpg Chapter 5 - Evolution & Biodiversity Origins of Life Evolution & Adaptation Ecological Niches & Adaptation Speciation, Extinction & Biodiversity What is the Future of Evolution? https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQqH6fIsJTKdLSdvBDRgcu8VzOkjG0o6xYxJwXOUNLgARRki5JxHA The Land Before Time: Everything is Dead Now - Past, Schmast - what's so great about it anyways? - Evolution and Genetics - you'll feel like a genius after this. "Microwaves, right? No, wait, I swear it started with 'Micro', right?" - micro/macroevolution Last to be picked for every dodgeball team - natural selection Cooperation, but aggressive cooperation - coevolution - I Still Don't Know How to Pronounce Niche - nitch? nesh? quiche? - Change Is Good - how speciation and extinction lead to biodiversity. "You two behave, or I'll separate you!" - speciation Just like zombies, some things are better off left dead - extinction - The fuuuuuuuuture! - has science finally gone too far? probs. http://www.icedrill.ch/pictures/Ice_Core_Illi mani1.jpg http://www.montana.edu/lkbonney/IMAGES/Presentations/AAAS%20Feb%2001/Vostok%20Ice%20Core%20Schematic.JPG http://deskarati.com/wpcontent/uploads/2013/02/Evolution__ Biologia.jpg http://sponges-porifera.wikispaces.com/file/view/ciliate.gif/217484332/ciliate.gif http://whsapbiology dnatech.wikispaces .com/file/view/comi c7.gif/32712122/co mic7.gif http://apbio2-chs09.wikispaces.com/fil e/view/genes.gif/836 02113/315x289/gene s.gif http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/resources/c rops/ag546-1/helixes3.jpg http://soulsbyfarm.files.wordpress.com/2012/ 04/gmo-protestors.jpg Chapter 6 - Climate & Terrestrial Biodiversity Weather: A Brief Introduction Climate: A Brief Introduction Biomes: Climate and Life on Land Desert Biomes Grassland, Tundra and Chaparral Biomes Forest Biomes Mountain Biomes The Local Weatherman & Travel Agent: Biomes - It's Raining, It's Pouring - this presentation's got me snoring. I'm walking on sunshine - weather Peer pressure - atmospheric pressure systems - Long-Term Relationship - climate & you 4EVA <3 Bad Influence - what influences climate Surf's Up! - oceans It's a gas-tastrophe! - atmosphere gases Candy mountain, Charlie! - topography - There is no pun for Biome - it's like orange, nothing rhymes with it. A horse with no name - desert biomes "We're not in Kansas anymore, Toto!" - grassland biomes Make like a tree and leaf - forest biomes Take a hike - mountain biomes http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Annual_Average_Temperature_Map.jpg/400pxAnnual_Average_Temperature_Map.jpg http://earth.usc.edu/~stott/Catalina/i mages/Oceanography/surface%20 currents.jpg http://ww w.hurrican escience. org/image s/hss/Nat SnowandI ceDataCe n_global_ circulation .gif http://www.nps.gov/goga/naturescience/images/Greenhouse-effect.jpg http://www.seajester.eq8r.net/maps /World_OceanFloor_topo_green_br own_1440x720.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c2/ClimateMapWorld.png http://taggart.glg.msu.edu/isb200/BIOMES.GIF Thank You!