The Production Cycle

Report
The Production Cycle
Chapter 14
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
14-1
Learning Objectives
• Describe the major business activities and
related information processing operations
performed in the production cycle.
• Identify major threats in the production cycle
and evaluate the adequacy of various control
procedures for dealing with those threats.
• Explain how a company’s cost accounting system
can help it achieve its manufacturing goals.
• Discuss the key decisions that must be made in
the production cycle and identify the
information required to make those decisions.
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
14-2
Production Cycle Process
• Product Design
▫ Source documents: bill of materials and operations
list
• Planning and Scheduling
▫ Source documents: Master production schedule,
production order, and materials requisition
• Production Operations
• Cost Accounting
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
14-3
Production Cycle Process
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
14-4
1. Product Design
2. Planning and Scheduling
Threats
Controls
1.
1 a. Analysis of costs arising from
product design choices
b. Analysis of warranty and
repair costs
2 a. Production planning systems
b. Review and approve
production orders and
schedules
c. Restrict access to orders and
schedules
Poor product design
resulting in excess costs
2. Over and under production
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
14-5
3. Production Operations
Threats
Controls
1.
2.
3.
4.
1 a. Restrict physical access
b. Document movement of
inventory
c. Segregation of custody duties
from authorization and
recording
2 a. Restrict access to fixed assets
b. Keep detailed records of fixed
assets including disposals
3 a. Performance reporting
4 a. Solicit competitive bids
5 a. Insurance and physical
safeguards
6 a. Backup and disaster recovery
plans
14-6
Inventory theft
Fixed asset theft
Poor performance
Suboptimal investments in
fixed assets
5. Loss of inventory or fixed
assets due to fire or disasters
6. Disruption of operations
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
4. Cost Accounting
Threats
Controls
1. Inaccurate cost data
2. Inappropriate allocation of
overhead costs
3. Misleading reports
1 a. Source data automation
b. Data processing integrity
controls
2 a. Time-driven activity-based
costing
3 a. Performance metrics
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
14-7
Cost Accounting Systems
• Provide information for planning, controlling,
and evaluating the performance of production
operations
• Provide accurate cost data about products for
use in pricing and product mix decisions
• Collect and process the information used to
calculate the inventory and cost of goods sold
values that appear in organization’s financials
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
14-8
Key Terms
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Production cycle
Bill of materials
Operations list
Manufacturing resource
planning (MRP-II)
Lean manufacturing
Master production schedule
(MPS)
Production order
Materials requisition
Move ticket
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
• Computer-integrated
manufacturing (CIM)
• Request for proposal (RFP)
• Job-order costing
• Process costing
• Job-time ticket
• Manufacturing overhead
• Activity-based costing
• Cost driver
• Throughput
14-9

similar documents