6-9 THIRA DeTella - National Homeland Security Association

Report
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Bridging the Gap: Utilizing
Community Partnerships in
Developing Community
Threat and Hazard Identification and
Risk Assessment (THIRA)
Conference Track: Interoperable
Communications/Information/Intelligence Sharing and
Preparedness Partner
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Introductions
George DeTella
Chief, Office of Risk and Emergency Management
DuPage County Health Department
Phone: (630) 221-7121
Email: [email protected]
David Bunge
Emergency Management Coordinator
DuPage County Office of Homeland Security and Emergency
Management
Phone: (630) 407-2937
Email: [email protected]
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Presentation Overview
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Introductions
Presentation Overview
DuPage County THIRA Overview
Recommended First Steps to THIRA
THIRA Step One: Identify the Threats and Hazards of Concern
THIRA Step Two: Give the Threats and Hazards Context
THIRA Step Three: Examine the Core Capabilities Using the
Threats and Hazards
8. THIRA Step Four: Set Capability Targets
9. THIRA Step Five: Apply the Results
10. THIRA Challenges
11. Question And Answer Period
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
DuPage County THIRA Overview
1. We have yet to receive UASI and/or State guidance
concerning our role and responsibilities with THIRA but we
are expecting guidance and requirements in July 2012.
2. Based on our need to update Public Health Emergency
Preparedness (PHEP) guidance and the need to expand our
current hazard mitigation planning in detailing
technological and human caused hazards we have begun to
conceptualize a THIRA process.
3. We have come to understand that multiple organizations in
the county are gathering information on hazards and
community profile information; we realize the need to
consolidate and focus this information in a centralized and
focused structure and method; THIRA seems like a good
focal point.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
DuPage County THIRA Overview
4. As a health department working within the PHEP
guidance we wanted to develop a collaborative
working relationship to develop a better common
operational picture; THIRA provides a framework to
understand the process.
5. The challenge and starting point is available funding
and personnel to complete this process with significant
research and development; we anticipate starting with
readily available information.
6. Even working through the information and its sources
will be a tremendous benefit as it will hopefully lead to
a more streamlined process.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Recommended First Steps to THIRA
Basic Elements of the THIRA Process
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Recommended First Steps to THIRA
CPG 101: Steps in the Planning Process
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Recommended First Steps to THIRA
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Organize Resources and Form a Collaborative Project (Program) Team.
Based on FEMA 386-1 State and Local Mitigation Planning and CPG 101
form a project and long-term program team of appropriate organizations.
Assess Organization Roles and Responsibilities. There are very likely
multiple agencies and organizations involved in the THIRA process; identify
the right organizations to ensure threat, hazard, capabilities, and capability
information and intelligence are developed and maintained as
appropriate.
Review Existing Jurisdictional Inputs and Information. The organizations
may not be universally aware of the information being collected currently
that can be part of or increase the capacity of the THIRA process.
Determine THIRA Project/Program Goals and Objectives. Emergency
management and public health have existing preparedness activities - e.g.
Hazard Mitigation and Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) –
with existing planning cycle requirements; THIRA goals and objectives are
likely to be long-term and require careful integration with operational and
program requirements.
Initiate THIRA Process.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Identify Threats and Hazards of Concern
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Develop and standardized hazards/threat profiles throughout the county
(potentially state/region) that can be easily understood by all partners in
the THIRA process.
Develop and standardized hazard impacts (all-hazard impacts) connecting
hazards and impacts that can again be easily understood by all partners in
the THIRA process.
Expand the threat analysis to threats outside “current” mitigation planning
requirements (primarily focusing on natural hazards) to a natural,
technological, and human-caused hazard (all-hazard) analysis.
Include emergency management, public health, and additional THIRA
partners in identifying hazards and threats.
As a Chicago Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) county we have decided
to analyze regional and Chicago based threats as our working population is
split 50/50 in commuting to and from Chicago.
We are carefully considering hazard frequency as non-frequent hazards
may be extremely severe if they were to occur, while conversely frequent
hazards cumulative impact may be overlooked.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Identify Threats and Hazards of Concern
THIRA Guide: Table 2 Types of Threats/Hazards and
Examples
Natural
Resulting from
acts of nature
Disease Outbreak
Technological
Involves accidents
or the failures of
systems and
structures
Human-caused
Caused by the
intentional actions
of an adversary
CBRNE – Anthrax
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Give the Threats and Hazards Context
1.
2.
Develop hazard context. For example: influenza is considered by severity
and type of outbreak with when (time and season) or where (location)
being priorities.
a. 1918 Flu Pandemic
b. 2009 H1N1 Flu Pandemic
c. 2002 SARS Outbreak
Develop hazard context. For example: with CBRNE – Anthrax is
considered by method of attack (time or “awareness” of impact) with a
location outside of DuPage County:
a. Attack with no warning (covert) and “awareness ” by regional
patients/deaths with no awareness of attack location or scope
b. Attack with warning by sensors
c. Attack with warning or notice by advisory – hours after the attack
with no known location
d. Attack discovered and disrupted during execution
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Give the Threats and Hazards Context
THIRA Guide: Table 3 Example Descriptions
Threat/Hazard Group
Threat/Hazard Type
Natural
Disease Outbreak
a.
b.
c.
1918 Flu Pandemic
2002 SARS Outbreak
2009 H1N1 Flu Pandemic
Human Caused
a.
b.
c.
d.
CBRNE – Anthrax
Attack with no warning (covert) and “awareness ” by regional
patients/deaths with no awareness attack location
Attack with warning provided by sensor elements
Attack with warning or notice by adversary – hours after the attack
with no known location
Attack discovered and disrupted during execution
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Examine the Core Capabilities Using the
Threats and Hazards
1. Develop core capabilities (table 4 CPG 201) desired
outcomes based on current (actual) capability levels and
on measurable (quantifiable by time, percentages,
numbers, etc.) results.
2. Develop estimated impacts for core capabilities (table 5
CPG 201) based on current (actual) capability levels and
on measurable (quantifiable by time, percentages,
numbers, etc.) results.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Examine the Core Capabilities Using the
Threats and Hazards
THIRA Guide: Table 4 Example Desired Outcomes (Anthrax)
Core Capability
Desired Outcome
Planning
Complete planning in strategic, operational, and tactical elements as
appropriate based on applicability (make planning operational)
Public Information and
Warning
Have JIC/JIS operationally ready with teams, facilities, equipment,
systems, and materials ready for operations in the first 12 hour
operational period
Operational Coordination
Have EOC(s) and as appropriate incident and area command teams,
SOP/SOGs, developed and understood and fully functioning in the
first 12 hour operational period
Responder Safety and
Health*
Ensure all first responders have the appropriate level of medical
countermeasures in the first 12 hour operational period
Medical Materiel
Management & Distribution*
Have all medical countermeasures delivered from RDS to distribution
sites within 6 hours of receiving the shipment from Federal/State
Medical Countermeasure
Dispensing*
Organize and implement as many PODs as possible that can operated
effectively and maintained for six (6) consecutive 12 hour
operational periods
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Examine Estimated Impacts for Core
Capabilities
THIRA Guide: Table 5 Example Estimated Impacts for Core
Capabilities (Anthrax)
Common Core Capabilities
Hazard
Attack with no
warning (covert)
and “awareness ”
by regional
patients/deaths
with no
awareness attack
location
Planning
Public Information and
Warning
Operational Coordination
Time and
public/political
pressure to
implement the entire
Strategic National
Stockpile (SNS) to
DuPage will be
immense. Time to
implement
operations is so
critical planning
must be operational
Anthrax, as a weapon or
terror, would cause a
significant level of public
distress and confusion
regardless of the
location, scale, and
actual impact of the
attack.
Time is uncompromising
and JIT training for
leadership and command
and management
personnel is an unlikely
outcome for the first
operational period.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Examine Estimated Impacts for Core
Capabilities
THIRA Guide: Table 5 Example Estimated Impacts for Core
Capabilities (Anthrax)
Response Capabilities
Public Health
and Medical
Services
Responder Health
and Safety
Medical Materiel
Management &
Distribution*
Medical Countermeasure
Dispensing*
Medical surge
impact due to
fear and public
perception .
Small number of
fatalities and
causalities in
DuPage County.
Regional
causalities and
fatalities
expected.
Provide 5,000
regimens of
medication to
county first
responders within
the first 12 hour
operational period.
Provide 1,000,000
regimens of medication
to county Point of
Distribution (POD) sites.
Using PODs provide
1,000,000 regimens of
medication to the entire
population of DuPage
County within two (2) 12
hour operational periods
from receiving
medication from
Federal/State agencies.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Set Capability Targets
1. Develop capability targets (table 6 CPG 201) based on
the nexus of:
1.
2.
3.
Core capability desired outcomes (table 4) measurable
(quantifiable by time, percentages, numbers, etc.) results.
Core capability estimated impacts (table 5) based on
appropriate impacts through the common capabilities and
mission areas: prevention, protection, mitigation, response,
and recovery.
Setting capability targets (table 6) based on desired outcomes
and highest potential impact and through analysis setting the
capability target.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Set Capability Targets
THIRA Guide: Table 6 Set Capability Targets (Anthrax)
Core Capability
Public Health and Medical
Services
Capability Target:
Responder Health and Safety
Capability Target:
Medical Materiel
Management & Distribution*
Capability Target:
Medical Countermeasure
Dispensing*
Capability Target:
Desired Outcome
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Apply the Results
1.
2.
3.
4.
Validate preparedness efforts and develop strategic planning in
order to justify ever tightening funding for mitigation activities,
equipment, and resources.
DCHD Five Year Strategic Plan Integration
DuPage County Office of Homeland Security and Emergency
Management (OHSEM) All-Hazard Mitigation Plan Review and
Update
DuPage County Hybrid Planning Approach: Pandemic Influenza
1. Scenario-based: 1918 Pandemic Influenza
2. Scenario-based: Anthrax Attack
3. Function-based: County EOP Functional Annexes
4. Capability-based: THIRA Based – identified core capabilities,
desired outcomes, estimated impacts, capability targets, and
application of results
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Potential Challenges
1. THIRA process and the CPG 101 planning process should be integrated
as needed.
2. Integrating THIRA into current mitigation planning doctrine; e.g. the
focus of impacts on capabilities versus community profile; is challenging.
3. Apply the results when it comes to acquiring additional funding
regardless of source (municipal bonds, federal grant funding, etc.)
during these tough fiscal times seems a daunting prospect. Capability
targets are more rationally what we can accomplish within existing
county resources first; looking for assistance regionally second; and
third within the state; this is including public, private, and non-profit
partnerships.
4. Recommend a focus on the common core capabilities as a priority –
planning, public information and warning, and operational coordination
– prior to applying the results to the remaining core capabilities.
Office of Risk and Emergency Management:
Emergency Preparedness Professional Development Series
Question and Answer Period

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