Education statistics in Sweden

Report
Education statistics in
Sweden
Josefine Lundström
Population and Welfare Department:
Education and jobs
Overview
• The production of education statistics regarding
pre-school, pre-scool class, school- age childcare
and adult education
• Data collection process
• Official statistics – Swedish National Agency for
Education
• The use of Education statistics in Sweden
• Users
• MONA – Microdata ONline Access
Education Statistics
• The Swedish National Agency for Education (Skolverket) is
responsible for the official statistics concerning pre-schooling,
school-age childcare and parts of the adult education
• The Swedish Schools Inspectorate has supervisory
responsibility for preschooling, school-age child care,
schooling and adult education.
• Statistics Sweden collects the data upon request from The
Swedish National Agency for Education.
• The production of the official statistics is process oriented.
Because of the secrecy act both individual and group
data is collected
The School register
•Owned by the National agency for education (Skolverket) and used
both for their administrative needs and our statistical needs.
•The basis for all statistical collections in ISCED 0-3
•The register is administered and collected by SCB.
•Contains all active Schools, divided by school form with unique
codes.
•Administrative classification; one “School” (building) can have
multiple entries in the register (School codes)
•One large collection and update per year, sent to all active Organizers
(huvudmän), municipal and private.
•Running updates round the year.
•Modernisation in process to adapt to the new Education Act and the
Curricula of 2011
•With the school register as a base Statistics Sweden collects data
concerning students, grades, costs and the teaching staff
Data collection
•
It takes about 5 month from the beginning of the survey to the publication of
Official statistics.
•
The process that takes the most time is the data collection
• Improvement in the service towards the respondent
• Tests in the information towards the respondents
• Meetings with companies that provides school systems
• Participitation in school conventions
•
Upper secondary education:
•
Students: The Swedish National Board of Student Aid (CSN)
•
Graduates:
Partly from National Agency for Services to Universitets and University Colleges (VHS)
•
Systems for data collection:
•
SIV
•
Triton
•
Examples:
• National tests in year 9 www.scb.se/ap9
• Final grades in compulsory school www.scb.se/ak9
Registers on individuals
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Compulsory school, leaving certificate, , 1988National test, year 3 (2010-), 6 (2012-) and 9 (2003-)
Upper secondary school, leaving certificate, 1973Upper secondary school, National test, 2003- (sample)
Upper secondary school, applicants and admissions,
1985Swedish for immigrants, 1992Register on teaching personnel, 1978Students in pre-school class, compulsory school and
leisure time-centers
Students in upper secondary school
Registers on a group level
• Preschool and other pedagogical activities
• Compulsory school:
•
•
•
•
Special schools
Schools for children with learning disabilities
The Sami school (year 1-6)
Schools with denominational education
• Municipal adult education
• Basic adult education
• Upper secondary adult education
• Post-secondary training courses.
• Adult education for individuals with learning disabilities.
Data processing
•
Socio-demographic background variables get linked to the students and
the schools, such as:
•
Country and city (if in Sweden) of birth
•
The biological parents educational level
•
Date of immigration
•
Principal organiser of the school
(municipal, state, county or independent)
•
Statistical tables included in the Official statistics of Sweden
•
Micro-data registers
•
•
•
Individual (de-identified, serial number used in all student registers)
Group
Derived variables concerning for example:
•
•
If and how students commute
The student’s final grade in compulsory school in the student register for upper
secondary school
Antal
Antal
+ 181 000
+ 21 %
+ 95 000
+ 11 %
+ 91 000
+ 29,8 %
Surveys
• Ministry of Education and Research orders every year
2-4 surveys each year from the Population and Welfare
Department: Education and jobs at Statistics Sweden
• Adult Education Survey is an on-going international
study
• Follow up on students 4 year after they’re graduation
from higher education
• Study interest of students in upper secondary school
• PIAAC - Programme for the International Assessment of
Adult Competencies.
The use of Education statistics
• Follow up and analysis
• Researchers
• Planning of economical resources
Municipalities and counties
School organizers
Authorities
Ministry
Researchers
Public
MONA - Microdata ONline Access
•
•
The MONA system provides secure access to micro data at Statistics
Sweden from an Internet connection. Here data are processed and
analyzed through a rich set of applications.
Aggregated results are automatically sent to a user’s designated mail
account. Users can also store intermediate results on Statistics Sweden
servers for future use.
The main goals for the MONA-system are:
• to provide a secure system for Statistics Sweden and the researcher, in
which no micro data can leave the system and with a high availability.
• to present an easy to use front end for end users built on well known
standardized techniques and software components.
• to have instantly upgraded data when needed without any requirements
to produce new sets of disks or tapes for redistribution to external
users.
• to present a complete system with powerful servers and a rich set of
applications with no requirements on expensive equipment and
softwarecosts for end users.
MONA
• Microdata On-line Access (MONA)
• Statistics Sweden's standard tool for making
micro data accessible
• For research and statistical purposes after a
harm test according to The Secrecy Act
Goals for access to microdata
• No data leaves Statistics Sweden
• Easy for the user
• Secure system for Statistics Sweden and the user
• Timeliness when changes occur
• Statistics Sweden handles all maintenance (i.e.
servers, software, storage etc.)
• Combine your data with data from Statistics
Sweden
MONA system
https://mikrodata.scb.se
Log on with app
or security card
Users
Data
- SQL databases
- Files from
statistical software
-Other formats
Individual
Windows
remote desktop
Results
E-mail
Software
- SAS
- STATA
- SPSS
- Other statistical
software
Publications from Statistics Sweden
• Statistical yearbook of Sweden
• Statistical yearbook on Education
in Sweden
• Gender statistics
• Trends and forecasts
Etc.
Nationella progress reports
• The progress report by the Swedish National Agency for
Education
Part 1 - Descriptive data
Part 2 - Assessment and Conclusions
International comparisons
• OECD: Education at a Glance
Sverige?
Documentation for in-depth studies
Basis for the government assignments
Andel kursdeltagare med
betyget icke-godkänt (IG), %
”Skolverket ska genom en urvalsundersökning
kartlägga och analysera orsakerna till den låga
måluppfyllelsen i kurserna Matematik A och B
i den kommunala vuxenutbildningen, samt föreslå
åtgärder för att förbättra resultaten. ”
Analysis by Swedish National Agency for
Education
Statistics concerning how students in secondary school commute
Difference between the grade in the national test and final
grade of year 9 in compulsory school
Andel elever med lägre, lika eller högre slutbetyg jämfört med provbetyg, %
Svenska
Matematik
Flickor 1
Engelska
Flickor
30
69
9
85
6
5
85
10
0%
25
74
Pojkar 1
Pojkar
13
80
8
Pojkar
20
76
4
Flickor
20%
-1
80%
60%
40%
0
+1
100%

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