CHAP I: ADVENT OF A NATIONAL HERO

Report
HOW MANY
JOBS CAN
YOU HANDLE
RIGHT AFTER
COLLEGE?
 physician (ophthalmic surgeon)
 poet, dramatist, essayist, novelist, historian,
architect, painter, sculptor, educator, linguist,
musician, naturalist, ethnologist, surveyor,
engineer, farmer, businessman, economist,
geographer, cartographer, bibliophile,
philologist, grammarian, folklorist,
philosopher, translator, inventor, magician,
humorist, satirist, polemicist, sportsman,
traveler, and prophet.
 Ethnologist
(ethnic)
 Culture of
different
society
 Cartographer
(chart)
 practice of
making maps
 Bibliophile
 Lover of books
 Philologist
 study of language in written
historical sources
 Folklorist
 Legends, beliefs of different
cultures
 Satirist (satisfy)
 shortcomings are held up to
ridicule, ideally with the intent
of shaming individuals, and
society itself, into improvement
 Social criticism: wit as weapon
 Polemicist (pole)
 to establish the truth of a specific
belief and the falsity of the contrary
belief. (argumentation)
 He invented a cigarette
lighter, which he called
sulpakan, and sent it to
Blumentritt in 1887 as a gift.
The lighter used a
compressed air mechanism.
 While in Dapitan, Rizal also
invented a wooden machine
for making bricks which
turned out about 6,000 bricks
daily.
 Draco Rizali – a flying dragon
 Apogania Rizali – a small beetle
 Rhachophrus Rizali – a rare frog
 Spatholmes Rizali – Fungus Beetle
Sketches
Saturnina
Sculpture
Clay Statue of a Wild
Pig
Triumph of Science and
Death
Sacred Heart
Model Head of
a Dapitan Girl
Prometheus Bound
Josephine while sleeping
JUNE 19, 1861
Domingo Lameo (“MERCADO”)
Ines de la Rosa
Francisco Mercado:
Cirila Bernacha
Juan Mercado
Francisco Mercado
Cirila Alejandro
Teodora Alonso Realonda
JOSE
JOSE PROTACIO RIZAL MERCADO Y ALONSO REALONDA
RIZAL’S FAMILY
Francisco Mercado
Teodora Alonso Realonda
SATURNINA: Neneng
PACIANO: Pilosopong Tasyo
NARCISA: Sisa
OLIMPIA: Ypia
LUCIA: her husband was denied of Christian burial because
of Rizal
MARIA: Biang
JOSE: Pepe
CONCEPCION: Concha/ died of sickness at the age of 3
JOSEFA: Panggoy/ died an old maid
TRINIDAD: Trining/ died an old
maid
SOLEDAD: Choleng
Francisco Mercado Rizal (1818-1898)
Teodora Alonzo Rizal (1827-1911)
Saturnina (1850-1913),
eldest child, wife of
Manuel T. Hidalgo
Paciano (1851-1930), 2nd child,
and only brother
of the hero
Narcisa (1852-1939),
3rd child, wife of
Antonio Lopez
Olimpia (1855-1887),
4th child, wife of
Silvestre Ubaldo
Lucia (1857-1919),
5th child, wife of
Mariano Herbosa
Maria (1859-1945),
6th child, married to
Daniel Faustino
Josefa (1865-1945),
9th child, member of
the Katipunan and
died a spinster
Trinidad (1868-1951), 10th child,
spinster, only sister of Dr. Rizal
who saw the country free and
independent
Soledad (1870-1929),
11th child, married to
Pantaleon Quinterio
 belonged to the





principalia
 aristocracy.
farms, which were
rented from the
Dominicans
managed a general
good store and
operated a small flourmill and a home-made
ham press.
owned a carriage, which
was a status symbol of
the ilustrados
 “learned”/
“enlightened”
They also have a private
library.
sent their children to the
Colleges in Manila.
 “Spare the rod and spoil
the child.”
 if you don't punish your
children when they do
wrong, you'll spoil them.
 This comes from a Biblical
proverb (Prov 13:24):
 "He who withholds his
rod hates his son, but he
who loves him disciplines
him diligently."
 Whenever the children,
including Jose, got into
mischief, they were given a
sound spanking.
The real
surname of
Rizal was
Mercado
Rizal in
Spanish:
 “a field where
wheat, cut while
still green,
sprouts again”

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