CPTED- Crime Prevention Through Environment Design

Report
CPTED and Crime Free Multi-Housing at the
Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo
Mark Kay, CPP, PCIP, CCTP
Crime Prevention Community Liaison
Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo
ACCPA Workshop
November 25, 2014
U.S
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1
Three parts to urban safety
2
Three parts to urban safety
Enforcement
• Public security through “rule of law” and law
enforcement by police and law enforcement partners.
Social
• Crime prevention in social terms, by reducing the
conditions of disadvantage and poverty that contribute
to crime: unemployment, mental illness and isolation.
CPTED
• “The proper design and effective use of the built
environment can lead to a reduction in the fear of crime
and the incidence of crime, and to an improvement in
the quality of life.”
3
Three parts to urban safety
Enforcement
• Public security through “rule of law” and law
enforcement by police and law enforcement partners.
Social Fabric
• Crime prevention in social terms, by reducing the
conditions of disadvantage and poverty that contribute
to crime: unemployment, mental illness and isolation.
CPTED
• “The proper design and effective use of the built
environment can lead to a reduction in the fear of crime
and the incidence of crime, and to an improvement in
the quality of life.”
4
Three parts to urban safety
Enforcement
• Public security through “rule of law” and law
enforcement by police and law enforcement partners.
Social Fabric
• Crime prevention in social terms, by reducing the
conditions of disadvantage and poverty that contribute
to crime: unemployment, mental illness and isolation.
Built
Environment
• Fire Prevention, Building Safety Codes, Zoning Bylaws
and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
(CPTED).
5
Three parts to urban safety
Social Fabric
Social Fabric
Built t
• Fire Prevention, Building Safety Codes, Zoning
Bylaws and Crime Prevention Through
Environmental Design (CPTED).
6
Range of CPTED solutions
Built
Environment
Social Fabric
Built t
Less Complex
• Fire Prevention, Building Safety Codes, Zoning
Complex
Bylaws and Crime Prevention More
Through
Environmental Design (CPTED).
7
Range of CPTED solutions
Traditional
CPTED
Less Complex
Crime Free
MultiHousing
Critical
Infrastructure
Protection
Antiterrorism
More Complex
8
Traditional CPTED
• Development permit reviews
• Permit circulations
• Assessments and advice to RCMP and
municipal departments
CPTED
Natural Surveillance
Access Control
Territorial
Reinforcement
Critical Infrastructure
Counter Terrorism
Protection
referrals
to community
groups
Indicators
and recognition
• Resource
Crime
Free
MultiHousing
Security Operations
Situational Awareness
Engineering/Structural
Stand off distance
Minimize surveillance
Vehicle barriers
Information and IT
Maintenance
Emergency Management
Activity Support
OH&S, Hazmat, CBRN
9
Islamabad Marriott Bombing
• The 290-room hotel was protected by 196 hotel security
personnel and four bomb-sniffing dogs.
• At the time of the attack, 60 hotel security personnel, a
government intelligence officer, four policemen, and one
sniffer dog were on shift.
• The hotel security personnel stationed on both sides of the
entrance to the property were armed with shotguns.
• The security supervisors were armed with handguns.
• New bollards had been placed alongside the street - pushing
the stando
11
Islamabad Marriott Bombing
• The 290-room hotel was protected by 196 hotel security
personnel and four bomb-sniffing dogs.
• At the time of the attack, 60 hotel security personnel, a
government intelligence officer, four policemen, and one
sniffer dog were on shift.
• The hotel security personnel stationed on both sides of the
entrance to the property were armed with shotguns.
• The security supervisors were armed with handguns.
• New bollards had been placed alongside the street - pushing
the stando
11
Crime Free Multi-Housing
• International program with origins in Mesa,
Arizona
CFMH
9-Point inspection:
Deadbolts and
strike plates
Eye-viewers
Interior lighting
Patio doors and
windows
• Goal is safer environments and positive
relationships between owners / managers,
tenants, and police
Critical
Counter
• Managers and tenants
empowered to solve
Infrastructure
Terrorism
Protection
nuisance problemsBasic
CPTED
• Three-phase process
of: training, site
Basic
CPTED
inspections, and safety social and
certification
12
Critical Infrastructure Protection
CIP
Security Operations
Situational
Awareness
Structure and Eng
Information and IT
Emergency Mgmt
CBRN, Hazmat
• From traditional CPTED
“The proper design and effective use of the
built environment can lead to a reduction in
the fear of crime and the incidence of
crime, and to an improvement in the quality
of life.” C. Ray Jeffery (1977)
Counter
Crime Free
Basic
• Terrorism
To contemporaryMultiCPTED
CPTED
“The design of security
in the built
Housing
environment that we do through
building design and layout,
construction, policy & procedures,
and equipment and personnel.”
Randall Atlas (2014)
13
Critical Infrastructure Protection
• Government buildings, civic and industrial
infrastructure
• Assessments are based in risk management
CIP
Security Operations
Situational
Awareness
Counter
Terrorism
Crime Free
MultiHousing
RISK
Basic
CPTED
Structure and Eng
Information and IT
Emergency Mgmt
CBRN, Hazmat
VULNERABILITY
14
Critical Infrastructure Protection
• Government buildings, civic and industrial
infrastructure
• Assessments are based in risk management
CIP
Security Operations
Situational
Awareness
Counter
Terrorism
Crime Free
MultiHousing
RISK
Basic
CPTED
Structure and Eng
Information and IT
Emergency Mgmt
CBRN, Hazmat
VULNERABILITY
14
Antiterrorism
• “Defensive measures used to reduce the
vulnerability of individuals and property to
terrorists acts.” Joint Publication 3-07.2 US JCS
Antiterrorism
Design Basis Threat
(DBT)
Standoff distance
Basic
CPTED
Basic
CPTED
Basic
CPTED
Flying debris
Airborne
contamination
Mass notification
16
11
11
132 foot standoff
Delta barrier
196 hotel security
personnel
Four bombsniffing dogs
one shift:
Islamabad Marriott Hotel 290 rooms
60 hotel security,
a government
intelligence
officer, four
policeman, and a
bomb dog.
19
September 20, 2008 54 dead after a dump truck carrying
600 kgs of explosives rammed the front gate and blew up.
20
STREETSBLOG NYC
January 21, 2010 Brooklyn's
new Long Island Rail Road
terminal
21
The Best Solution
22
Training Resources
• Basic and Advanced CPTED
Edmonton Police Service
• Crime Free Multi-Housing
Edmonton Police Service
• Certified Protection Professional (CPP)
ASIS International
• Professional in Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCIP)
Critical Infrastructure Institute, Ottawa, ON
• Certified Counter Terrorism Practitioner (CCTP)
Lorin Global, Singapore
23
Thank You
Questions ?
Mark Kay, CPP, PCIP, CCTP
Crime Prevention Community Liaison
Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo
C 780-792-8839
E [email protected]

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