NATo Energy Security Centre of Excellence

Report
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
NATO Energy Security Center of Excellence:
from idea to implementation
1-st Seminar IDC NATO School
21 March, 2013
Vilnius-Chişinău
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Content

NATO Centers of Excellence – why, where
and what for?

NATO and energy security – since then and
how deep?

NATO ENSEC COE: tasks, structure and
ambitions

Cooperation with partners
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Centers of Excellence –
why, where and what for?
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Concept of CEO’s - since 2003
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
NATO and energy security –
since then and how deep?
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Energy Vulnerabilities as Part of Emerging
Security Challenges

Energy infrastructure and supply are subject to
cyber threats, terrorist attacks, environmental
threats, piracy and other emerging security risks

Energy vulnerabilities are present in both civilian
and military energy supply systems

Training and education, as well as best practice
exchanges are important tools to enhance
prevention and resilience in the field of energy
security
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
NATO and Energy Security

Bucharest Summit (2008): NATO can add
value in the field of energy security. This includes
the support to the protection of critical energy
infrastructure, information and intelligence sharing,
consequence management, and international
cooperation.

Lisbon Summit (2010): “In advancing our work, we
will … integrate, as appropriate, energy security
considerations in NATO’s policies and activities”
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
NATO and Energy Security
The Strategic Concept (2010):
NATO will “develop the capacity to
contribute to energy security, including
protection of critical energy
infrastructure and transit areas and lines,
cooperation with partners, and
consultations among Allies on the basis of
strategic assessments and contingency
planning”
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
NATO and Energy Security
Chicago Summit Declaration (2012) “we will
work towards significantly improving the energy
efficiency of our military forces; develop our
competence in supporting the protection of critical
energy infrastructure; and further develop our
outreach activities in consultation with partners, on a
case-by-case basis. We welcome the offer to establish
a NATO-accredited Energy Security Centre of
Excellence in Lithuania as a contribution to NATO’s
efforts in this area”
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
NATO and Energy Security

There are many IO working in the field of energy security. NATO's
added value lies in its transatlantic nature, its intelligence sharing
platforms and military planning structures, as well as its wide partnership
network

Also, there are a number of bodies within NATO dealing with energy
security. The focal point for energy security in NATO’s International Staff
is the Energy Security Section within the Emerging Security Challenges
Division

NATO's strategic commands are also involved in activities related to
energy security. One of them is Allied Command Transformation (ACT),
which is enhancing training, conducting concept experiments, and
promoting interoperability.
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
NATO Energy Security Center
of Excellence: (ENSEC COE):
tasks, structure and ambitions
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Establishment of the NATO ENSEC COE

A national Energy Security Center was established in Vilnius,
Lithuania on 1st January 2011;
 Stakeholders: MFA, MOD, Ministry of Science and Education,
Ministry of Energy;
 The ESC will seek NATO accreditation as a Center of Excellence
for Energy Security.
 MOUs
on the establishment of the NATO ENSEC COE
were signed on 10 July 2012 in Norfolk, USA.
 On
12 October 2012 the North Atlantic Council approved
the accreditation of the Centre as a NATO Centre of
Excellence and its activation as an International Military
Organization.
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Mission of NATO’s ENSEC COE
To assist NATO, Nations, Partners and other
bodies by supporting NATO’s capability
development process, mission effectiveness,
and interoperability by providing
comprehensive and timely expertise on
aspects of energy security
Concept of the NATO ENSEC COE approved by SNs in the 1st Steering
Committee Meeting on 18 July, 2012
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Structure of NATO’s ENSEC COE
*
US will initiate Note of
Joining procedure shortly
ENSECCOE
Products
Strategic
Analysis and
Research
Education,
Training and
Exercise
• ES lessons learned
• ES focused EX
•Methodology on
assessing ES risks and
threats
•ES Focused courses
•R&D projects
•Operational ES –
improve energy
efficiency
•ES conferences,
seminars, workshops
•SMEs to integrate ES
aspects to EX and
TNG
Doctrine,
Standards and
Procedures
• Support development
of ES doctrines,
standards and
procedures
•Contribute to NATO
Nations and Partners
efforts in the field of ES
Consultations
• Provide SMEs and
support to nations and
WG and Committees
•Interoperability in the
field of ES
•Broader SM discussion
forum
POW
Proposed Functions, Activities and Deliverables
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Main focus - operational energy
Operational energy security - uninterrupted
access to reliable supplies of energy resources,
capability to employ alternative energy sources
in operational environment, efficient and
environmentally friendly use of energy
resources, and the ability to protect and safely
deliver sufficient energy resources to meet
operational needs without limiting combat
capability.
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE


Consultations
Doctrines, Concepts,
Standards &
Procedures
Education,
Training &
Exercise
Strategic
Analysis &
Research
ENSECCOE
Research:




Events:
International energy Security
Conference (annual event);
Projects:
ENSEC COE is Co-director of
SENT
Publications - analysis of relevant energy
security events and tendencies;
Reports –research projects carried out with
ENSEC COE partners;
Comments – ENSEC COE experts’ on the
relevant decisions, tendencies and events
Articles - for Swedish Defence Research Agency
FOI, contribution to the book on Russian Energy
and Security;
Monitoring – news (mainly military dimension),
reports and studies (collecting from public
sources, considering all available information);
E-Library (NATO LibGuide).
Studies:
Efficient use of energy resources: case of Lithuanian
National Defense System
“Energy Management in the Expeditionary
Environment: Front-End Analysis and Proposed
Solutions”;
Transition From Fossil Fuel Based Energy Systems to
the Renewables In the Military Applications – after
ENERGEX 2012 study;
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Exercise Support
ENERGEX 2012;
Consultations
Doctrines, Concepts,
Standards &
Procedures
Education,
Training &
Exercise
Strategic
Analysis &
Research
ENSECCOE
Development of operational energy
module for the existing NATO exercises
(RFS from ACO);
SME support to NATO and National
exercises in development of scenarios
and exercise execution;
Education & Training
 Training Landscape Development Conference (in coordination with
ACT JFT);
 NATO Strategic Training Plan in the Area of Energy Security
Training courses in residence or contribute to existing
 Energy Security Awareness Course (desired outcome – NATO
accreditation for the course);
 Support to Senior Training Course on Energy Security in NATO School
Oberammergau (NATO ESCD and ACT SPP co-sponsored activity);
 Development Energy security averseness e-learning course with ACT
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Outreach activities
Continued partnerships:




 MOU with the Lithuanian Institute of Energy and the Centre for
Energy Security Studies,Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas
MOU with INFOBALT
MOU with EUCOM
MOU with Vilnius University
MOU with Military Academy of Lithuania
Cooperation with other institutions:
Research Council of Lithuania
 US Brookhaven National Laboratory
 EPPL (European Pulsed Power Laboratories)
 EC Joint Research Center

Activities with partners:
“Innovative Energy Solutions for Military Applications” – Conference and
Exhibition in Vilnius with Ukraine
 Conference in Kiev with Energy security agenda
 Partnerships – Sweden, Azerbaijan, Georgia

We are open to partners!
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Cooperation with
partners
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
Aims, goals and tasks

Contribute to NATO’s efforts to develop partnerships with and
among everyone sharing strategic interests

Increase partners’ interest to cooperate inside and with NATO:
introduce new cooperation areas, respond to their interests

Contribute to NATO’s, nations’ and partners’ interoperability, gain
from broader subject matter discussion

Stimulate Nations’ and partners’ contribution to NATO’s OES:
concepts, doctrines and capabilities development

Get human and financial support for NATO ENSECCOE “soft”
activities: research, training, fellowship programs, etc.

Stimulate public – private partnership in the area of operational
energy
NATO ENERGY SECURITY
CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE
What could be partners’ inputs and benefits?
Contribution to designing exercises and courses
 Participation at awareness and other course that provide
general introduction and deeper look into operational
energy security

 Integration into the NATO COE’s network
 Better understanding of what NATO is doing and why
 Chance for your scientists and industry?
 Protection of infrastructure and sea lines
that are important for partners?
Thank You
Dr. Arūnas Molis
Head of Strategic Analysis and research division,
NATO ENSEC COE, Vilnius, Lithuania
E-mail: [email protected]
www.enseccoe.org
NATO ENSEC COE
Looking to the future

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